AI Habit

87+ ChatGPT Prompts for Thesis Writing

female writing her thesis paper

In the evolving landscape of artificial intelligence (AI), one transformative tool stands out for its potential in the realm of academic writing: ChatGPT, a language model developed by OpenAI. This AI assistant is becoming a valuable tool for many, particularly for those engaged in thesis writing.

Thesis writing, a crucial component of advanced academic degrees, is a demanding process that requires a significant amount of time, critical thinking, and research skills. Traditionally, writing a thesis is a solitary endeavor, often leading to situations where the writer feels stuck or overwhelmed. In recent years, however, AI technologies like ChatGPT have emerged as a potential ally in this process.

ChatGPT, leveraging its advanced language processing capabilities, can assist in multiple aspects of thesis writing. From generating research questions and exploring potential thesis topics to refining thesis statements and discussing research methodologies, this AI tool can provide an array of prompts to stimulate thought and facilitate the writing process.

This blog post aims to explore the role of ChatGPT in thesis writing, focusing on the potential prompts that can aid in various stages of the process. We'll dive into how these AI-powered prompts can provide valuable insights, guide your thought process, and ultimately help you produce a well-structured, insightful thesis.

Table of Contents

Understanding Thesis Writing

Thesis writing is an integral part of advanced academic study, typically required for the completion of a Master's or Ph.D. degree. It is a comprehensive document that presents the author's research and findings in a specified field of study. The primary goal of a thesis is to contribute original knowledge to the field.

Importance of a Well-Structured Thesis

A well-structured thesis serves as a demonstration of the author's competence in their field. It showcases their ability to conduct independent research, think critically, and communicate their ideas effectively. The clarity and coherence of the thesis structure directly impact the reader's understanding and the overall persuasiveness of the argument.

Common Challenges in Thesis Writing

Despite its importance, thesis writing can be a daunting task. Common challenges include finding a suitable topic, formulating a strong thesis statement, conducting a thorough literature review, choosing the appropriate methodology, analyzing data, and discussing the results. Additionally, maintaining academic integrity and a high standard of writing throughout the thesis can be a taxing endeavor.

Example Prompts:

What are some potential topics in the field of [insert field]?

How can I refine my thesis statement to be more clear and concise?

Can you help me summarize the key points from this research article?

What is the most suitable methodology for studying [insert research question]?

Can you assist me in interpreting these data findings?

How can I discuss the implications of my results effectively?

How can I ensure the academic integrity of my thesis?

The Concept of AI-Powered Prompts

AI-powered prompts are questions or statements designed to stimulate the AI to provide a specific type of response. These prompts act as inputs that guide the AI's response, allowing users to get the most out of the system. In the context of thesis writing, AI-powered prompts can be used to generate ideas, clarify concepts, assist in structuring arguments, and much more.

How AI-Powered Prompts Can Help in Thesis Writing

The use of AI-powered prompts in thesis writing can significantly streamline the process. They can assist in brainstorming research questions, forming a strong thesis statement, synthesizing literature, choosing appropriate methodologies, interpreting results, and more. ChatGPT can provide fresh perspectives, helping to overcome writer's block and stimulate creative thinking.

Advantages of Using ChatGPT Prompts

ChatGPT prompts offer several advantages for thesis writers. They can save time by providing instant responses, offer new perspectives on complex topics, help improve writing skills by providing examples of good writing, and serve as a tool for self-reflection, helping writers understand their own thoughts more clearly.

I'm having trouble coming up with a research question on [insert topic]. Can you suggest some possibilities?

How can I make my thesis statement stronger?

I need to summarize the main findings of these research papers. Can you help me synthesize them?

I'm unsure about the best methodology to use for my research. Can you provide some guidance?

I'm struggling to interpret these results. Can you provide some insights?

How can I improve the academic writing style in my thesis?

I'm facing writer's block. Can you provide some prompts to stimulate my thinking on [insert topic]?

Using ChatGPT for Thesis Brainstorming

ChatGPT can be an excellent tool for generating research questions. By providing insights or suggesting different angles on your chosen topic, ChatGPT can help you formulate specific, researchable questions. It can help stimulate your thinking, encourage creativity, and ensure your research questions are both innovative and relevant to your field of study.

Using ChatGPT to Explore Potential Thesis Topics

ChatGPT can also be a valuable asset when it comes to exploring potential thesis topics. By discussing various topics related to your field of study, ChatGPT can help you identify areas that interest you, are worth exploring, and have the potential to contribute to your field's body of knowledge.

Prompts for Brainstorming Different Angles on a Topic

Using prompts can help you explore different perspectives or angles on a topic, leading to a more comprehensive understanding of the subject. ChatGPT can assist you in thinking outside the box, pushing you to consider aspects of your topic that you might not have thought of on your own.

I am interested in the field of [insert field]. What are some current research trends or topics in this area?

I have a general idea about [insert topic]. Can we brainstorm some specific research questions related to this?

I am considering [insert topic] for my thesis. Can you suggest different perspectives or subtopics within this?

Can you help me explore the potential implications of [insert topic]?

How might [insert current event or trend] impact research in the field of [insert field]?

I want to explore the intersection of [insert two fields or topics]. Can you suggest some research questions at this intersection?

How can I approach the topic of [insert topic] from a [insert theoretical framework or perspective] perspective?

Using ChatGPT for Literature Review

The literature review is a critical part of thesis writing, requiring you to identify, evaluate, and synthesize previous research related to your topic. ChatGPT can be a valuable tool in this process, helping you understand complex studies, summarize key findings, and identify connections between different sources.

Prompts for Identifying Gaps in the Literature

Identifying gaps in the literature is crucial as it informs your research questions and contributes to the originality of your thesis. ChatGPT can assist in this task by helping you review the literature critically, pointing out areas that require further investigation.

Using ChatGPT to Explore Different Perspectives on a Topic

A comprehensive literature review should consider various perspectives on the topic. ChatGPT can aid in this by suggesting different viewpoints or theories that might not be immediately apparent, ensuring a well-rounded understanding of the topic.

Can you help me summarize the key findings of this study on [insert topic]?

What are the main theories or perspectives related to [insert topic]?

Are there any conflicting views or debates in the literature on [insert topic]?

Based on the current literature, what areas of [insert topic] seem to be under-researched?

Can you help me compare and contrast these two studies on [insert topic]?

How can I relate [insert study] to my own research on [insert topic]?

What are some potential implications of [insert study's findings] for future research on [insert topic]?

Using ChatGPT for Thesis Statements

A thesis statement is a concise summary of the main point or claim of your thesis. It serves as the roadmap for your paper, guiding your research and writing process. It should be clear, argumentative, and well-focused, encapsulating your thesis in one or two sentences.

How ChatGPT Can Help in Forming a Strong Thesis Statement

ChatGPT can be a valuable tool in crafting a strong thesis statement. By providing feedback or suggestions, it can help ensure your thesis statement is clear, specific, and aligned with your research objectives.

Prompts for Refining and Improving a Thesis Statement

A well-crafted thesis statement can make your research more focused and your arguments more persuasive. Using prompts can help you refine and improve your thesis statement, ensuring it effectively communicates the purpose of your research.

This is my current thesis statement: [insert thesis statement]. How can I make it more specific and argumentative?

Can you suggest a way to make my thesis statement more concise without losing its main point?

I'm having trouble formulating a thesis statement for my research on [insert topic]. Can you help?

Based on my research question on [insert question], what might be a good thesis statement?

How can I better align my thesis statement with my research objectives?

I want to express the idea of [insert idea] in my thesis statement. Can you help me phrase it?

Can you help me ensure that my thesis statement is debatable and not just stating a fact?

➡️ You May Like: 40+ ChatGPT Prompts for Rewriting Text

Using ChatGPT for Research Methodology

A well-defined research methodology is crucial for the success of any thesis. It outlines the overall research design, including data collection and analysis methods, and ensures your research is systematic, valid, and reliable.

How ChatGPT Can Assist in Discussing Research Methodology

ChatGPT can assist in discussing research methodology by providing insights into different methodological approaches, helping you choose the most suitable methods for your research, and assisting in describing your methodology in a clear and coherent manner.

Prompts for Exploring Different Methodologies and Techniques

Different research questions require different methodologies. Using prompts, you can explore various methodological approaches with ChatGPT, ensuring you choose the most appropriate methods for your research question.

I'm studying [insert topic]. What would be an appropriate methodology for this kind of research?

Can you explain the differences between qualitative and quantitative research methods?

How can I effectively describe my data collection process in my methodology section?

I'm considering using [insert method] for my research. What are its advantages and disadvantages?

Can you suggest some data analysis techniques for [insert type of data]?

How can I ensure the reliability and validity of my research using [insert method]?

I'm having trouble explaining the rationale for my chosen methodology. Can you help me articulate it?

Using ChatGPT for Data Analysis and Results Interpretation

Data analysis and interpretation are crucial stages in thesis writing. They allow you to make sense of your data, draw meaningful conclusions, and relate your findings back to your research questions. A well-executed analysis can strengthen your arguments and make your thesis more compelling.

How ChatGPT Can Assist in Data Analysis and Interpretation

ChatGPT can be a valuable tool in data analysis and interpretation. It can help explain complex statistical concepts, assist in interpreting your results, and guide you in discussing the implications of your findings in the context of your research question and the existing literature.

Prompts for Data Analysis, Results Interpretation, and Discussion

Using prompts can help you navigate the challenging process of data analysis and interpretation. They can guide your thinking, help clarify your findings, and assist in discussing the implications of your results.

I'm having trouble interpreting these results. Can you help me understand what they might mean?

Can you explain the concept of [insert statistical concept] and how it applies to my data?

How can I discuss the implications of my findings in relation to my research question?

I've found a significant correlation between [insert variables]. How can I interpret this finding?

How can I relate my findings to the existing literature on [insert topic]?

I'm struggling with the statistical analysis of my data. Can you guide me through the process?

I've encountered some unexpected results in my data. How should I address this in my thesis?

Using ChatGPT for Thesis Conclusion

A strong conclusion is vital for wrapping up your thesis effectively. It should succinctly summarize your findings, discuss the implications of your research, and suggest directions for future research. A well-written conclusion leaves a lasting impression on your readers, underscoring the value and relevance of your research.

How ChatGPT Can Help in Crafting a Compelling Conclusion

ChatGPT can assist in crafting a compelling conclusion by providing suggestions on how to summarize your findings effectively, discuss their implications, and suggest future research directions. It can help ensure your conclusion is coherent, focused, and aligns with your research objectives.

Prompts for Writing a Strong Conclusion

Using prompts can help you craft a strong conclusion that effectively summarizes your thesis, highlights its contributions, and suggests areas for future research.

How can I effectively summarize my main findings in the conclusion?

Can you help me discuss the implications of my research for the field of [insert field]?

How can I address the limitations of my study in the conclusion?

Based on my findings, what might be some directions for future research on [insert topic]?

Can you help me highlight the contributions of my research to the existing literature on [insert topic]?

How can I ensure my conclusion aligns with my research objectives and thesis statement?

I want to end my thesis on a compelling note. Can you suggest a way to do this?

Using ChatGPT for Thesis Revision and Editing

Thesis revision and editing are crucial steps in the thesis writing process. They ensure your thesis is coherent, well-structured, and free of errors. A well-edited thesis communicates your ideas more effectively and presents your research in the best possible light.

How ChatGPT Can Assist in Thesis Revision and Editing

ChatGPT can be a valuable tool in the revision and editing process. It can help identify areas of your thesis that need improvement, provide suggestions on how to enhance the clarity and coherence of your writing, and assist in checking for grammatical errors and inconsistencies.

Prompts for Thesis Revision and Editing

Using prompts can help you make the most of ChatGPT's capabilities in the revision and editing process. They can guide you in enhancing the quality of your thesis, ensuring it is well-written, coherent, and error-free.

Can you help me improve the clarity and coherence of this paragraph?

I'm concerned this section of my thesis may be too verbose. Can you suggest a way to make it more concise?

Can you check this section for grammatical errors and inconsistencies?

This paragraph doesn't seem to flow well. Can you help me improve its transition and coherence?

Can you help me ensure that my thesis maintains a consistent tone and style throughout?

I'm unsure if this section aligns well with my thesis statement. Can you provide some feedback?

How can I improve the readability of my thesis?

More Great ChatGPT Prompts for Thesis Writing

In addition to the prompts listed in the specific sections above, there are many other ways you can leverage ChatGPT to facilitate your thesis writing process. Whether you need help brainstorming ideas, outlining your thesis, generating arguments, or polishing your writing, ChatGPT can provide valuable assistance. The following are some additional unique prompt ideas that you can use:

Can you help me brainstorm some potential research questions for my thesis on [insert topic]?

I'm stuck with writer's block. Can you suggest a way to proceed with this section?

Can you provide an outline for a thesis on [insert topic]?

How can I strengthen the argument in this paragraph?

Can you suggest some reputable sources for research on [insert topic]?

How can I make the introduction of my thesis more engaging?

Can you help me formulate a hypothesis for my research on [insert topic]?

I'm having trouble structuring my literature review. Can you provide some guidance?

How can I incorporate this feedback from my advisor into my thesis?

Can you help me paraphrase this passage to avoid plagiarism?

How can I improve the transition between these two sections of my thesis?

Can you help me create a compelling title for my thesis?

What would be a suitable research design for my study on [insert topic]?

How can I present these results in a clear and understandable way?

Can you help me write an abstract for my thesis?

I'm struggling with citing sources in APA style. Can you provide some guidance?

How can I discuss the ethical considerations of my research in my methodology section?

Can you help me write a strong opening sentence for this paragraph?

How can I address potential counterarguments to my thesis?

Can you help me write a dedication for my thesis?

I need to write a thank you note to my thesis advisor. Can you help?

How can I effectively discuss the limitations of my research in the conclusion?

Can you help me prepare a presentation of my thesis findings?

How can I make my thesis more accessible to a non-specialist audience?

I'm feeling overwhelmed by the thesis writing process. Can you provide some motivation or encouragement?

Thesis writing is a challenging process that involves many different tasks, from formulating a research question and reviewing the literature, to designing a methodology, analyzing data, and drawing conclusions. Fortunately, AI tools like ChatGPT can provide valuable assistance throughout this process.

By using the right prompts, you can leverage the capabilities of ChatGPT to help brainstorm ideas, clarify your thoughts, write more effectively, and ensure your thesis is well-structured and coherent. Whether you're stuck with writer's block, struggling to interpret your data, or simply need some motivation to keep going, ChatGPT is a powerful tool that can make the thesis writing process a little less daunting.

Remember, the key to using ChatGPT effectively is to ask the right questions. The prompts provided in this post are just starting points. Feel free to modify them to fit your specific needs, or come up with your own prompts based on the challenges you're facing.

Happy writing!

85+ ChatGPT Prompts for Graphic Designers

115+ ChatGPT Prompts for Google Ads

writing thesis with chatgpt

About R.J. Adams

R.J. is an artificial intelligence aficionado, committed to demystifying the intricacies of this cutting-edge technology for enthusiasts and novices alike. Leveraging his comprehensive background in internet marketing, online tools, and communications, he continually ventures into the landscape of newly released AI tools, conducting thorough tests and analyses, as well as finding the best prompts to use on the latest AI tools. He can also solve Rubik's Cube in under 2 minutes.

Leave a Comment Cancel reply

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

Reach out to us for sponsorship opportunities.

We look forward to talking to you!

© 2024 AIHabit.net

Genuine software, legally FREE - no cracking required!

Edit Word, Excel, and PPT effortlessly

Read, edit, and convert PDFs with the powerful PDF toolkit.

Microsoft-like interface, easy to use.

Windows • MacOS • Linux • iOS • Android

banner

  • Articles of Office solution

Step-by-step Guide to Using ChatGPT to Write a Report, Thesis and Dissertation

You must have heard or read about ChatGPT. What is it? A software or a magician? ChatGPT is an artificial intelligence chatbot developed and launched by OpenAI in November 2022. This chatbot can write answers, reports, codes, prompts, and more in seconds.

Moreover, it can write computer programs, compose music, teleplays, fairy tales, and write poetry and songs. It’s built with OpenAI’s GPT 3.5 and 4 families of large language models. The latest version of ChatGPT, released on 14th March 2023, is built on GPT 4 OpenAI model and can be purchased through a subscription for a specific time.

Benefits of using ChatGPT to write reports, theses, and dissertations

ChatGPT is a powerful artificial intelligence (AI) chatbot with many benefits. Today we shall be highlighting the benefits ChatGPT has on reports, theses, and dissertations.

Reports are professional documents submitted to an institute, department, company, and more. They are formal documents containing a written account of something observed or investigated. Below are some benefits of using ChatGPT to write reports.

Saves time:  ChatGPT saves your precious time; it writes your reports quickly and saves the time you would have spent researching and writing from the beginning.

Quality content:  The AI chatbot has been trained with massive data; hence it can write high-quality reports for you.

Variety of Styles:  Reports are usually long; thus, they can bore the reader if the content is not engaging. ChatGPT uses different styles, i.e., bullet points, lists, paragraphs, and more. This makes a report engaging.

Consistency and Productivity:  ChatGPT write the report in a consistent style and tone. This improves the readability of the report. Moreover, as ChatGPT saves your precious time, you can spend that time focusing on other tasks, improving your productivity.

Theses is a theory or personal research document. These are mainly written by university students proposing research papers on particular topics. Below are the benefits of using ChatGPT to write theses.

New idea:  ChatGPT helps you by providing a variety of ideas that can help you write your thesis. Moreover, the ideas can make your thesis stand out from others.

Guidance:  ChatGPT guides you throughout your thesis writing by providing references, and research material, summarising long research essays, and highlighting important points.

Writing Guidance:  The artificial intelligence model can advise and guide your style, tone, grammar, and more. ChatGPT guides you with this writing; further, it can proofread and rephrase your content.

3. Dissertation

Dissertation is a formal essay on a particular topic. It’s the same as the thesis and is mainly written and submitted by university students. Below are the advantages of using ChatGPT for writing a dissertation.

Knowledge:  ChatGPT is trained with vast knowledge and provides dissertation writers access to knowledge. The more diverse knowledge, the better dissertation.

Saves Time:  Dissertation writing is time-consuming; however, ChatGPT can generate texts for you instantly. You can ask ChatGPT to write sections, paragraphs, and particular dissertation headings. Moreover, it can proofread and check your dissertation's grammar, style, and errors.

Assistance with writing:  Dissertation requires a lot of time and effort. Moreover, quality is an essential factor you should keep in mind while writing a dissertation; chatGPT suggests ways to improve your dissertation writing. Moreover, ChatGPT can proofread, rephrase and highlight writing errors for you.

Step-by-Step Guide: Create a ChatGPT Account

Using ChatGPT might be complex; thus, we are here to help you. Below are steps to create an account and write reports and theses or dissertations.

1. Setting Up ChatGPT

Now that you know ChatGPT and its benefits associated with reports, theses, and dissertation writing, it’s time to set up a ChatGPT account.

The first thing to do is to visit the official website of OpenAI’s artificial intelligence chatbot ChatGPT.

After successfully landing on the official website of ChatGPT, you’ll see a login and sign-up option. You need to login in using your login credentials and progress further. However, if you do not have an account, click sign up, add an email, and create a password. Moreover, you’ll need to add your personal data, i.e., your date of birth, and verify your mobile number.

Afterward, you need to log in with the same email and password. OpenAI allows people to log in through Microsoft and Google accounts. If you have a valid Microsoft or Google account, simply click on login, click on Microsoft or Google, and log in to the selected account. Verify your phone number, and you’ll successfully log in to OpenAI to use ChatGPT.

After successfully logging in to OpenAI, you can start a new chat or use previous ones (if you logged in before and used chatbot). Click the new chat button on the left and start using the chatGPT. You can ask questions, gain knowledge, ask to proofread your work, suggest edits, and do more instantly.

If you are in a country where the use of ChatGPT is not allowed and you wish to register an account, you can refer to my other article " How to use Chatgpt ". It provides a detailed tutorial on how to register an account in such countries.

How to use ChatGPT to write a report

Setting up the ChatGPT account is easier than using it. Below we’ll guide you thoroughly on how to write a report using ChatGPT.

Setting up the Parameters

The first thing you must do is set parameters. What are the parameters? Parameters are framework or structure. You need to set up the report's parameters as they help control the report’s content and use other reports’ material in arguments. You need to tell ChatGPT where to start and let it know the limits of your report. In short, you need to provide ChatGPT with a structure under which it should generate your report.

Creating an Outline

Create an outline for your report. The outline may start with an introduction, having headings, bullet points, paragraphs, and more. You must provide an accurate outline to enable ChatGPT to write your report. This ensures that your report covers all the aspects in a good flow and all the required information. Without an outline, chatGPT may be unable to write it in a flow or may write something unnecessary for your report.

Writing the Report

The last thing is to ask ChatGPT to write the report for you. You need to set parameters, provide an outline, write a good prompt, and wait for ChatGPT to generate the report for you for a minute or two.

Topic: Impact of remote work on employee productivity

Purpose: To understand and examine the impact of remote work on the productivity of employees with findings and recommendations.

writing thesis with chatgpt

How to use ChatGPT to write a thesis or dissertation

As writing theses or dissertations is complex and requires time and energy, many people want to learn to use chatGPT to write them. Here’s how to write a thesis using Chatgpt.

Choosing a topic

After logging in to your OpenAI account, click on the new chat and choose a topic you want ChatGPT to write a thesis or dissertation on. This can be any topic that a normal human being can think of.

After deciding on a thesis or dissertation topic, you must create an outline. Creating an outline has its own benefits, as your theses will cover all aspects and topics in a flow, and the knowledge in the theses will be organized.

Writing the Thesis

Now that you have decided on a topic and created an outline, the next thing to do is write the thesis. Writing a good prompt will result in a good thesis. After writing a prompt for the thesis, click on the save and submit button, and wait a few minutes before ChatGPT can complete generating the thesis for you.

Topic: ChatGPT and its importance in conversational AI applications.

Purpose: To access and understand ChatGPT, its importance, benefits, and uses. Moreover, to examine its importance in conversational AI applications.

writing thesis with chatgpt

Now, you can use AI to assist you in generating a thesis, but it's important to note that you still need to carefully review the content generated by the AI to avoid any fabrication. Additionally, there are some universities that currently do not allow AI-generated theses. These universities may employ AI detection tools to check if a thesis was written by AI. In such cases, you can try using a paraphrasing tool to rewrite the AI-generated content until it passes the detection:

Recommended AI detection tools:  GPT-2 Output Detector

GPT-2 Output Detector (1).png

Recommended paraphrasing tools:  Quillbot

Paraphraser (1).png

Perform another round of detection

Other AI or productivity tools recommended

There are various other AI or productivity tools that you can use instead of ChatGPT. Below are some.

1.  MidJourney

MidJourney is an artificial intelligence program that Mid Journey, Inc created and launched. The AI program can generate images and art using the prompts. You can use MidJourney for 20 free jobs to create or generate images for you on prompts. This software can help you create amazing images for your report and thesis. A thesis or report would look boring without images that engage the audience; hence you can use MidJourney AI to generate images for your thesis or report.

2.  WPS Office

WPS Office is a free office software that allows users to use Word, Excel, PPT, and PDF documents under a single roof. It’s free software that promotes creativity and boosts the productivity of users. The software has more than 500 million active users worldwide. The software lets users view, edit, translate, annotate, print, and do more. It’s compatible with Windows, MacOS, IOS, and Android.

Moreover, it’s free and has various advanced features and functions. The software enables users to write reports and a thesis using diverse tools. You can add bullet points, comments, and suggestions, highlight texts, and translate sentences and words. This is the best software for writing a report or dissertation, as it has templates for the report and thesis that can help you.

3. Chinchilla AI

Developed and launched by DeepMind in March 2022, this AI language model can better write your reports and thesis, requiring less computer power for interference and fine-tuning. The Chinchilla AI is said to outperform a number of traditional language models in terms of accuracy; hence, it can generate better and more accurate reports and a thesis for you. However, the software is currently in the testing phase and cannot be accessed by the general public.

A. Can I write a thesis with ChatGPT?

Yes. You can use ChatGPT to write a thesis. Start with choosing a topic, creating an outline, and writing a prompt to enable ChatGPT to generate a thesis on the topic for you.

B. Can I write a report with ChatGPT?

Yes. Writing a report using ChatGPT is possible and easy. All you need to do is set the report's parameters, create an outline, and submit a prompt to enable ChatGPT to generate the report.

C. How do you use ChatGPT to improve your writing?

ChatGPT can improve your writing by suggesting edits, proofreading, and suggesting new ideas. Moreover, ChatGPT can highlight errors too.

D. Can ChatGPT rewrite paragraphs?

Yes. ChatGPT is a powerful tool that can rewrite your texts better and make them more engaging and readable.

ChatGPT is a powerful artificial intelligence model that can help users with numerous tasks. So far, we have learned about ChatGPT and its benefits associated with report, thesis, or dissertation writing. Moreover, we learned how to write a thesis and report using ChatGPT. Setting up and using ChatGPT to write reports and thesis. The article also highlighted the best alternatives to ChatGPT for writing reports and thesis; one of them is  WPS Office .

  • 1. How to Use WPS AI and ChatGPT to Analyze PDF Report
  • 2. How to Use Wps AI/Chatgpt to Write Technical Document: Guide for Beginners
  • 3. How to Use WPS AI/Chatgpt to Write Essays: Guide for Beginners
  • 4. How to Use WPS AI/Chatgpt to Write Research Papers: Guide for Beginners
  • 5. Boost Your Productivity by Using ChatGPT for Excel: Tutorials, Review and Alternatives
  • 6. Top 10 Best Business Report Chatgpt Prompt Example 2024

writing thesis with chatgpt

15 years of office industry experience, tech lover and copywriter. Follow me for product reviews, comparisons, and recommendations for new apps and software.

  • Interesting
  • Scholarships
  • UGC-CARE Journals
  • iLovePhD Web Stories

ChatGPT prompts to write a PhD Thesis

How to Use ChatGPT to Write Your PhD Thesis

Dr. Somasundaram R

use-chatgpt-to-write-your-phd-thesis

Table of contents

Limitations of using chatgpt, tips for using chatgpt effectively, chatgpt prompts to write a phd thesis.

Writing a PhD thesis is a long and challenging process. It requires a lot of research, writing, and editing. It can be difficult to know where to start, and it can be easy to get overwhelmed.

That’s where ChatGPT and Google Bard AI can help. ChatGPT is a large language model that can be used to generate text, translate languages, write different kinds of creative content, and answer your questions in an informative way. It can be a valuable tool for PhD students who are struggling to write their thesis.

In this article, ilovephd will discuss how ChatGPT can be used to write a PhD thesis. We will provide examples of how ChatGPT can be used to generate different parts of a thesis, such as the introduction, literature review, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion. We will also discuss some of the limitations of using ChatGPT, and we will provide tips on how to use ChatGPT effectively.

How ChatGPT can be used to Write a PhD Thesis

ChatGPT can be used to generate different parts of a PhD thesis, including:

  • Introduction:  ChatGPT can be used to generate an introduction that states the thesis statement, provides background information on the topic, and discusses the significance of the research.
  • Literature review:  ChatGPT can be used to generate a literature review that summarizes the existing research on the topic.
  • Methodology:  ChatGPT can be used to generate a methodology section that describes the research methods that were used.
  • Results:  ChatGPT can be used to generate a results section that presents the findings of the research.
  • Discussion:  ChatGPT can be used to generate a discussion section that interprets the findings of the research and discusses their implications.
  • Conclusion:  ChatGPT can be used to generate a conclusion that summarizes the findings of the research and discusses their implications for future research.

While ChatGPT can be a valuable tool for PhD students, it is important to be aware of its limitations. ChatGPT is a machine learning model, and it is not perfect.

It can sometimes generate text that is inaccurate or incomplete. It is important to carefully review any text that is generated by ChatGPT before using it in your thesis.

Here are some tips for using ChatGPT effectively:

  • Use ChatGPT as a tool, not a replacement for your own research and writing.  ChatGPT can be a helpful way to get started on your thesis, but it is important to do your own research and writing to ensure that your thesis is accurate and complete.
  • Be careful about the prompts that you give to ChatGPT.  The prompts that you give to ChatGPT will determine the quality of the text that it generates. Make sure to give ChatGPT clear and concise prompts that are relevant to your thesis topic.
  • Review the text that ChatGPT generates carefully before using it in your thesis.  ChatGPT is a machine learning model, and it is not perfect. It can sometimes generate text that is inaccurate or incomplete. Make sure to carefully review any text that is generated by ChatGPT before using it in your thesis.

By following these tips, you can use ChatGPT effectively to help you write your PhD thesis.

  • Write an introduction for my PhD thesis on the topic of “The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Future of Work”.
  • Write an introduction for my PhD thesis on the topic of “The Role of Social Media in the Arab Spring”.
  • Write an introduction for my PhD thesis on the topic of “The Effects of Climate Change on the Arctic”.
  • Write an introduction for my PhD thesis on the topic of “The Evolution of Human Language”.
  • Write an introduction for my PhD thesis on the topic of “The History of the American Civil War”.
  • Write a literature review on the topic of “The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Future of Work”.
  • Write a literature review on the topic of “The Role of Social Media in the Arab Spring”.
  • Write a literature review on the topic of “The Effects of Climate Change on the Arctic”.
  • Write a literature review on the topic of “The Evolution of Human Language”.
  • Write a literature review on the topic of “The History of the American Civil War”.
  • Describe the methodology I will use to conduct my research on the topic of “The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Future of Work”.
  • Describe the methodology I will use to conduct my research on the topic of “The Role of Social Media in the Arab Spring”.
  • Describe the methodology I will use to conduct my research on the topic of “The Effects of Climate Change on the Arctic”.
  • Describe the methodology I will use to conduct my research on the topic of “The Evolution of Human Language”.
  • Describe the methodology I will use to conduct my research on the topic of “The History of the American Civil War”.
  • Summarize the results of my research on the topic of “The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Future of Work”.
  • Summarize the results of my research on the topic of “The Role of Social Media in the Arab Spring”.
  • Summarize the results of my research on the topic of “The Effects of Climate Change on the Arctic”.
  • Summarize the results of my research on the topic of “The Evolution of Human Language”.
  • Summarize the results of my research on the topic of “The History of the American Civil War”.
  • Discuss the implications of my research on the topic of “The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Future of Work”.
  • Discuss the implications of my research on the topic of “The Role of Social Media in the Arab Spring”.
  • Discuss the implications of my research on the topic of “The Effects of Climate Change on the Arctic”.
  • Discuss the implications of my research on the topic of “The Evolution of Human Language”.
  • Discuss the implications of my research on the topic of “The History of the American Civil War”.
  • Draw conclusions from my research on the topic of “The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Future of Work”.
  • Draw conclusions from my research on the topic of “The Role of Social Media in the Arab Spring”.
  • Draw conclusions from my research on the topic of “The Effects of Climate Change on the Arctic”.
  • Draw conclusions from my research on the topic of “The Evolution of Human Language”.
  • Draw conclusions from my research on the topic of “The History of the American Civil War”.
  • List all of the sources I used in my research on the topic of “The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Future of Work”.
  • List all of the sources I used in my research on the topic of “The Role of Social Media in the Arab Spring”.
  • List all of the sources I used in my research on the topic of “The Effects of Climate Change on the Arctic”.
  • List all of the sources I used in my research on the topic of “The Evolution of Human Language”.
  • List all of the sources I used in my research on the topic of “The History of the American Civil War”.

These are just a few examples of ChatGPT prompts that you can use to write your PhD thesis. Be sure to tailor the prompts to your specific topic and research methods.

  • academic support
  • Academic Writing
  • ChatGPT prompts
  • Data Analysis
  • dissertation ideas
  • Google Bard
  • Google Bard AI
  • graduate studies
  • Literature Review
  • research framework
  • research guidance
  • Research Ideas
  • research inspiration
  • Research Methodology
  • research process
  • Research Proposal
  • Research Question
  • research resources
  • Research Tools
  • research topics
  • thesis structure
  • thesis writing

Dr. Somasundaram R

7 Types of Journal Peer Review Process

100 work motivational quotes, top 50 emerging research topics in aerospace engineering, email subscription.

ilovephd logo

iLovePhD is a research education website to know updated research-related information. It helps researchers to find top journals for publishing research articles and get an easy manual for research tools. The main aim of this website is to help Ph.D. scholars who are working in various domains to get more valuable ideas to carry out their research. Learn the current groundbreaking research activities around the world, love the process of getting a Ph.D.

WhatsApp Channel

Join iLovePhD WhatsApp Channel Now!

Contact us: [email protected]

Copyright © 2019-2024 - iLovePhD

  • Artificial intelligence

The Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics

  • Previous Article
  • Next Article

Introduction

Step 1: title and title page creation by chatgpt, step 2: abstract/summary creation by chatgpt, step 3: introduction creation by chatgpt, step 4: can chatgpt create a literature review, step 5: can chatgpt assist in brainstorming the methodology of studies, step 6: do not use chatgpt for fabricating patient data or results, step 7: discussion and conclusions, step 8: references, disadvantages of using chatgpt in research, acknowledgment., chatgpt for research and publication: a step-by-step guide.

  • Split-Screen
  • Article contents
  • Figures & tables
  • Supplementary Data
  • Peer Review
  • Open the PDF for in another window
  • Get Permissions
  • Cite Icon Cite
  • Search Site

Som S. Biswas; ChatGPT for Research and Publication: A Step-by-Step Guide. The Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics 1 October 2023; 28 (6): 576–584. doi: https://doi.org/10.5863/1551-6776-28.6.576

Download citation file:

  • Ris (Zotero)
  • Reference Manager

This commentary provides a concise step-by-step guide on using ChatGPT, an advanced natural language processing (NLP) model, for research and publication purposes. The guide assesses crucial aspects, including data preprocessing, fine-tuning techniques, prompt engineering, and ethical considerations. By addressing challenges related to biases, interpretability, and plagiarism, this commentary offers insights and recommendations for the responsible and ethical use of ChatGPT. The guide empowers researchers to ethically integrate ChatGPT effectively into their workflows, enhancing productivity and improving the quality of their scientific publications. Through clear instructions and guidelines, researchers can tap into the transformative potential of ChatGPT, driving scientific progress in a language-driven world.

In recent years, the field of NLP has witnessed remarkable advancements, bringing us closer to the realm of humanlike language generation. Among these advancements, ChatGPT, based on the groundbreaking GPT-3.5 architecture developed by OpenAI, stands as an impressive language model capable of generating coherent and contextually relevant text responses. With its ability to understand and respond to user inputs, ChatGPT has opened up new possibilities for various applications, including research and publication. 1 – 3  

The traditional process of conducting research and publishing scientific papers has been significantly transformed by the emergence of ChatGPT. Researchers and authors can now leverage the power of this sophisticated language model to streamline and enhance their workflow, leading to improved efficiency and higher-quality publications. However, using ChatGPT effectively in the research and publication domain requires a comprehensive understanding of its capabilities, limitations, and best practices.

In this commentary I offer my thoughts for a step-by-step guide for researchers and authors who seek to harness the potential of ChatGPT in their research endeavors and publication efforts. By exploring various aspects, such as data preprocessing, fine-tuning techniques, prompt engineering, and ethical considerations, this guide will equip researchers with the necessary knowledge to harness the full potential of ChatGPT in their scientific pursuits. Moreover, this commentary will delve into the challenges associated with using ChatGPT for research and publication, including biases, interpretability, and concerns regarding plagiarism. By addressing these challenges directly, I aim to provide researchers with valuable insights and recommendations to navigate these important issues and ensure the responsible and ethical use of ChatGPT as a research tool. 4  

The significance of my guide lies in its potential to bridge the gap between the rapid progress of language models like ChatGPT and the research and publication process. By elucidating the intricacies of integrating ChatGPT into scientific workflows, researchers will be empowered to leverage this advanced technology effectively, thereby enhancing the overall quality and impact of their research output. 5   In the following sections, I present a comprehensive overview of the steps involved in using ChatGPT for research and publication.

ChatGPT can be a valuable tool in generating titles for research papers. Its ability to understand and generate humanlike text allows it to analyze and synthesize information provided by researchers to craft concise and impactful titles. By leveraging its vast knowledge base and language capabilities, ChatGPT can assist in capturing the essence of a research paper, conveying the main focus and contributions succinctly. Researchers can collaborate with ChatGPT by providing relevant information, such as the subject, objectives, methodology, and key findings of their study. ChatGPT can then generate multiple title options, offering different perspectives and angles that researchers can consider. This collaboration with ChatGPT can save time and stimulate creativity, helping researchers refine their titles to accurately represent their work and engage potential readers. ChatGPT can then be used to create the entire title page and then can also customize based on each journal’s recommendations.

For example:

graphic

Thus, we see that ChatGPT can write an entire title page based on just the title and author details. We notice that ChatGPT has created an email address that is incorrect and needs manual rectification. However, the rest of the title page, including keywords and the running title, is appropriate.

ChatGPT can assist in condensing complex information into a clear and engaging abstract/summary, helping researchers communicate the significance and novelty of their research to a wider audience. By leveraging the language proficiency of ChatGPT, researchers can save time and effort in crafting abstracts while ensuring that the key aspects of their study are accurately represented.

In this example, we demonstrate that ChatGPT can create an entire abstract just by using the title alone. However, the more information researchers provide (preferably the entire body of the paper should be entered into chatGPT), the more accurate the abstract becomes.

graphic

By collaborating with ChatGPT, researchers can provide key information, such as the background, significance, and objectives of their study. ChatGPT can then generate a well-structured introduction that sets the context, highlights the relevance of the research, and outlines the paper’s objectives. Also, ChatGPT can be used to generate keywords and generate an abbreviations list from the article by using prompts. However, it is important to note that the generated introduction should be reviewed, customized, and refined by the researchers to align with their specific study and writing style.

In the example below, we note that ChatGPT has not only created an introduction but also the objectives of the study, which can then be edited by the human author.

graphic

Yes, ChatGPT can help generate a literature review, but it is important to note that it may not have access to the most up-to-date research articles and studies due to copyrights and limited access to some journals. Additionally, a literature review typically requires a comprehensive analysis of multiple sources, so the generated response may not cover all relevant studies. Nonetheless, it can assist in providing a basic literature review on a given topic, which will need human authors to add to and edit it.

graphic

As we can see, ChatGPT is not as good at giving a detailed review of the literature as it is at summarizing contents or creating an introduction. Thus, its use is limited, if there is any at all, in this section of the paper.

ChatGPT can be a helpful tool in conceptualizing the methodology for research papers. By engaging in a conversation with ChatGPT, researchers can discuss their research objectives, study design, data collection methods, and data analysis techniques. ChatGPT’s natural language understanding allows it to provide suggestions and insights based on its knowledge base and understanding of research methodologies. Although ChatGPT can assist in generating ideas and providing guidance, it is important for researchers to critically evaluate and adapt the suggestions to align with their specific research goals and requirements.

Although the methodology is something that is unique to each paper and needs a human researcher to conceptualize it, we see in this example that ChatGPT can assist by giving ideas and examples based on the input of the title by the human researcher. Thus, ChatGPT can be part of brainstorming sessions when conceptualizing a study, although this section needs significant editing by a human, unlike the introduction or summary.

graphic

This section of the paper must be authentic, and ChatGPT has a limited role, if any, because patient data have to be original. ChatGPT also currently cannot analyze clinical data compared with statistical software, like SPSS Statistics and Base SAS. However, Microsoft appears to be developing an Excel copilot that uses AI to create graphs and plots, and its use needs to be evaluated once it is released to the public. 6  

This section of the paper can be generated by ChatGPT if all results are pasted as input; however, this section also needs manual editing because inaccuracies are common. By discussing their research with ChatGPT, researchers can also identify potential limitations, discuss the broader implications of their findings, and propose future research directions. Although ChatGPT can generate suggestions and facilitate the thought process, it is important for researchers to critically evaluate the information provided and ensure that the Discussion and Conclusion sections align with the specific research objectives and findings of their study. Ultimately, ChatGPT can serve as a supportive tool in developing a comprehensive and well-rounded discussion and conclusion for research papers.

As per the author's experience, although ChatGPT is capable of creating references for an article, most of them are incorrect. So, using ChatGPT for creating references is not recommended. However, ChatGPT can convert references into any journaling style if the references are entered into ChatGPT and it is asked to convert them into a specific style.

Lack of domain expertise: ChatGPT is a general-purpose language model trained on a diverse range of Internet text, which means it may lack the specific domain expertise required for certain research topics. It may generate responses that are not accurate or well informed in specialized fields, potentially leading to incorrect or misleading information in research papers.

Inconsistency and variability: ChatGPT’s responses can be inconsistent and vary depending on the input phrasing or prompt formulation. This can lead to unpredictability in generating reliable and coherent content, requiring additional effort to refine and ensure accuracy in research papers.

Limited control over output: Although researchers can guide the model’s responses through prompts, ChatGPT’s generation process is still primarily autonomous. Researchers have limited control over the precise content and structure of the generated text, which may require careful editing and review to align with specific research goals, standards, and above all, accuracy.

Biases and ethical considerations: Language models like ChatGPT can inadvertently reflect biases present in the training data. These biases may perpetuate existing societal or cultural biases in research papers, potentially leading to unfair or discriminatory content. The careful examination and mitigation of biases are crucial to ensure ethical and unbiased research output. 7  

Lack of interpretability: ChatGPT’s decision-making process is complex and not easily interpretable. Researchers may struggle to understand the reasoning behind the model’s generated responses, making it challenging to assess the reliability and credibility of the information provided. Ensuring transparency and interpretability in research papers becomes more challenging with such models. ChatGPT should cite the sources for its data, like Google Bard does.

Plagiarism concerns: Because of its vast training data from the Internet, ChatGPT may inadvertently generate text that resembles or replicates existing content without proper citation or attribution. Researchers must be cautious about unintentional plagiarism and ensure that generated content is appropriately referenced and original. So, all ChatGPt-generated articles need to be double checked using antiplagiarism software.

In this commentary I have provided a comprehensive step-by-step guide for researchers and authors on harnessing the power of ChatGPT in the realm of research and publication. By exploring crucial aspects, such as data preprocessing, fine-tuning techniques, prompt engineering, and ethical considerations, the guide equips researchers with the necessary knowledge and tools to effectively integrate ChatGPT into their scientific workflows. 8  

Through clear instructions, examples, and guidelines, researchers can navigate the complexities of using ChatGPT, leading to enhanced productivity and improved quality in their research output. Moreover, I address the challenges associated with biases, interpretability, and plagiarism concerns, ensuring the responsible and ethical usage of ChatGPT as a research tool.

The significance of this research lies in its ability to bridge the gap between the rapid advancements in language models like ChatGPT and the research and publication process. By empowering researchers with the skills to leverage ChatGPT effectively, this guide fosters innovation, drives scientific progress, and opens up new possibilities for transformative contributions to various fields. 9  

As language-driven technologies continue to evolve, researchers must stay abreast of the latest advancements and best practices. The step-by-step guide presented in this commentary serves as a valuable resource, providing researchers with the knowledge and guidance necessary to maximize the potential of ChatGPT in their research endeavors. By embracing the capabilities of ChatGPT and ensuring its responsible and ethical use, researchers can revolutionize the way research and publications are conducted. With ChatGPT as a powerful tool in their arsenal, researchers are poised to make significant strides in their respective fields, pushing the boundaries of scientific knowledge and ushering in a new era of language-driven innovation. 10  

However, and to reiterate, I cannot overemphasize that ChatGPT has, at present, many disadvantages, including inconsistencies, bias, and plagiarism concerns, that must be addressed by the human author before the article is submitted for publication to a journal, as well as prior to publication, because the human author(s) is solely responsible for their research integrity and accurate reporting.

In conclusion, I have attempted to provide researchers with a comprehensive understanding of how to effectively leverage ChatGPT for research and publication purposes. It has also highlighted the problems and precautions that the human author(s) must take before publishing ChatGPT-generated content. By embracing this step-by-step guide, researchers can unlock the full potential of ChatGPT, driving scientific progress and shaping the future of research and publications.

Please use ChatGPT only if allowed by your institution, research lab, and the journal in question.

Please acknowledge ChatGPT within your manuscript/published paper wherever you are using it.

Please do not fabricate or plagiarize data. ChatGPT can be used only for summarizing texts, improving English writeups, and brainstorming ideas, and not for creating fabricated research raw data.

The author acknowledges that this article was partially generated by ChatGPT (powered by OpenAI’s language model, GPT-3; http://openai.com ). The editing was performed by the human author.

Disclosure. The author declare no conflicts or financial interest in any product or service mentioned in the manuscript, including grants, equipment, medications, employment, gifts, and honoraria.

Get Email Alerts

Citing articles via.

  • Pediatric Pharmacy Association

Affiliations

The Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics Logo

  • eISSN 2331-348X
  • ISSN 1551-6776
  • Privacy Policy
  • Get Adobe Acrobat Reader

This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

offer

Using ChatGPT to Write Your Thesis the Right Way

writing thesis with chatgpt

Who hasn’t heard about ChatGPT, the chatbot that took the internet by storm with a click!

For the lesser known, ChatGPT seems to represent a significant advance in AI writing technology, as it can respond to prompts and questions with very natural, human-like capabilities. It can write a Shakespeare-style poem for you about admission to law school, or offer five tips for taking better care of curly hair. In fact, ChatGPT is so good that  many students have already been using it to do their homework for them.

If you’ve already tried ChatGPT, you’ve probably been impressed by what it can do (I certainly have been). While it can miraculously write a full-length essay with you just commanding it with a single-line prompt, ChatGPT isn’t quite there when it comes to writing your thesis . However, it can be of some use in helping you research and write. Wonder how? Let’s find out.

Using ChatGPT for Thesis Research

There are a couple of ways that you can use ChatGPT to help you with thesis research. These include:

  • Collating literature: You can use ChatGPT to research and gather information on a specific topic related to your thesis. The AI can provide reference articles, research papers, and other relevant sources regarding your subject.  
  • Brainstorming ideas: If you're struggling to find a topic idea for your thesis, ChatGPT can help by generating new ideas or suggesting different angles to explore.  
  • Providing feedback: ChatGPT can read your thesis and offer suggestions for improvement. (Well, I am not trusting a robot here!)

How Can You Find Relevant Information Using ChatGPT?

One thing to consider about AI, no matter how advanced, is that its outputs are only as good as its inputs. In other words, in order for AI to provide you with useful answers, you need to be specific about what you are looking for. 

If you want ChatGPT to find you some relevant information about your research topic, provide the program with a detailed prompt or background information about the topic. The more details you offer, the more targeted the results will be. Consider the following two prompts:

  • I want to research how the pharmaceutical industry prices drugs.
  • Can you find me some sources that explain how therapeutic novelty is priced into patent-protected pharmaceuticals?

If you type the first prompt into ChatGPT, the program will offer you some strategies for how to go about your research. It suggests consulting academic databases (Google Scholar, JSTOR) and specifies some journals that deal with relevant topics (Health Affairs, Journal of Health Economics). It also offers keywords that will help you find articles about the topic (“pharmaceutical pricing,” “drug costs,” etc.).

The second prompt, however, gives you an actual list of academic articles and a summary of each one. You can ask ChatGPT for more sources, and it will continue to offer specific article titles and summaries. 

How Can You Use ChatGPT for Thesis Writing?

Just like you can ask ChatGPT to help you find resources and narrow down your research topic, ChatGPT can also help you generate a thesis statement and write some of the trickier parts of your thesis. While I don’t personally recommend using ChatGPT’s writing word-for-word, it can be a helpful tool for getting started.

ChatGPT can help you generate a thesis statement if you provide it with some background information about your topic and are specific about the direction you would like your research to go. ChatGPT will also help you brainstorm thesis statements. For example, if you offer ChatGPT the words “pharmaceutical pricing,” “patent protection,” and “free trade agreements” and ask it to create a thesis statement, it provides the following:

"The impact of pharmaceutical pricing and patent protection on access to essential medicines is a critical issue in the context of free trade agreements, as it creates a trade-off between the intellectual property rights of pharmaceutical companies and the public health needs of individuals."

Pretty impressive, right? You can also ask it to generate topic sentences, supporting paragraphs, introductions, or conclusions for your paper. Often, you don’t want to use what it produces word-for-word, but it can absolutely get you started and help you think of ideas.   

So, Why Can’t ChatGPT Just Write My Thesis For Me?

You might be wondering at this point why ChatGPT can’t just write your whole thesis for you. After all, it can research, proofread, edit, brainstorm, and fix logical problems. So what can’t it do?

Well, ChatGPT has a few limitations that are pretty important. First, ChatGPT doesn’t provide you with actual sources when it writes something. For example, if you ask how drugs are priced, it will answer, but it won’t provide you with sources for that answer unless you ask it specifically. If you copy an answer from ChatGPT word-for-word, you’ll likely end up plagiarizing another source.

As mentioned above, AI outputs are only as good as their inputs. ChatGPT gets its information from a variety of sources, and not all of them are accurate. Moreover, the program is incapable of distinguishing between correct and incorrect information. So, you should always verify any information the program provides you.

Finally, ChatGPT can have some issues understanding the vocabulary that is very specific to a narrow subject or context. For this reason, it may not always be able to provide you with the assistance you need. But as an AI model, it is learning all the time, so these gaps in knowledge may be filled later.

ChatGPT is a great tool that can help you research and write. It can even help you find sources, edit your work, and check for plagiarism. But AI is only as good as its sources, and ChatGPT can provide erroneous information. Therefore, you should consider ChatGPT a helpful tool rather than a replacement for academic work. So yes, ChatGPT can absolutely help write your thesis, but can’t own it up like you can!

Editor’s pick

Get free updates.

Subscribe to our newsletter for regular insights from the research and publishing industry!

AI Writes Scientific Papers That Sound Great—But Aren’t Accurate

Logo Photo Illustration

F irst came the students, who wanted help with their homework and essays. Now, ChatGPT is luring scientists, who are under pressure to publish papers in reputable scientific journals.

AI is already disrupting the archaic world of scientific publishing. When Melissa Kacena, vice chair of orthopaedic surgery at Indiana University School of Medicine, reviews articles submitted for publication in journals, she now knows to look out for ones that might have been written by the AI program. “I have a rule of thumb now that if I pull up 10 random references cited in the paper, and if more than one isn’t accurate, then I reject the paper,” she says.

But despite the pitfalls, there is also promise. Writing review articles, for example, is a task well suited to AI: it involves sifting through the existing research on a subject, analyzing the results, reaching a conclusion about the state of the science on the topic, and providing some new insight. ChatGPT can do all of those things well.

Kacena decided to see who is better at writing review articles: people or ChatGPT. For her study published in Current Osteoporosis Reports , she sorted nine students and the AI program into three groups and asked each group to write a review article on a different topic. For one group, she asked the students to write review articles on the topics; for another, she instructed ChatGPT to write articles on the same topics; and for the last group, she gave each of the students their own ChatGPT account and told them to work together with the AI program to write articles. That allowed her to compare articles written by people, by AI, and a combination of people and AI. She asked faculty member colleagues and the students to fact check each of the articles, and compared the three types of articles on measures like accuracy, ease of reading, and use of appropriate language.

Read More : To Make a Real Difference in Health Care, AI Will Need to Learn Like We Do

The results were eye-opening. The articles written by ChatGPT were easy to read and were even better written than the students'. But up to 70% of the cited references were inaccurate: they were either incoherently merged from several different studies or completely fictitious. The AI versions were also more likely to be plagiarized.

“ChatGPT was pretty convincing with some of the phony statements it made, to be honest,” says Kacena. “It used the proper syntax and integrated them with proper statements in a paragraph, so sometimes there were no warning bells. It was only because the faculty members had a good understanding of the data, or because the students fact checked everything, that they were detected.”

There were some advantages to the AI-generated articles. The algorithm was faster and more efficient in processing all the required data, and in general, ChatGPT used better grammar than the students. But it couldn't always read the room: AI tended to use more flowery language that wasn’t always appropriate for scientific journals (unless the students had told ChatGPT to write it from the perspective of a graduate-level science student.)

Read More : The 100 Most Influential People in AI

That reflects a truth about the use of AI: it's only as good as the information it receives. While ChatGPT isn’t quite ready to author scientific journal articles, with the proper programming and training, it could improve and become a useful tool for researchers. “Right now it’s not great by itself, but it can be made to work,” says Kacena. For example, if queried, the algorithm was good at recommending ways to summarize data in figures and graphical depictions. “The advice it gave on those were spot on, and exactly what I would have done,” she says.

The more feedback the students provided on ChatGPT's work, the better it learned—and that represents its greatest promise. In the study, some students found that when they worked together with ChatGPT to write the article, the program continued to improve and provide better results if they told it what things it was doing right, and what was less helpful. That means that addressing problems like questionable references and plagiarism could potentially be fixed. ChatGPT could be programmed, for example, to not merge references and to treat each scientific journal article as its own separate reference, and to limit copying consecutive words to avoid plagiarism.

With more input and some fixes, Kacena believes that AI could help researchers smooth out the writing process and even gain scientific insights. "I think ChatGPT is here to stay, and figuring out how to make it better, and how to use it in an ethical and conscientious and scientifically sound manner, is going to be really important,” she says.

More Must-Reads From TIME

  • East Palestine, One Year After Train Derailment
  • How Tech Giants Turned Ukraine Into an AI War Lab
  • In the Belly of MrBeast
  • The Closers: 18 People Working to End the Racial Wealth Gap
  • How Long Should You Isolate With COVID-19?
  • The Best Romantic Comedies to Watch on Netflix
  • Taylor Swift Is TIME's 2023 Person of the Year
  • Want Weekly Recs on What to Watch, Read, and More? Sign Up for Worth Your Time

Contact us at [email protected]

You May Also Like

Celebrating 150 years of Harvard Summer School. Learn about our history.

Should I Use ChatGPT to Write My Essays?

Everything high school and college students need to know about using — and not using — ChatGPT for writing essays.

Jessica A. Kent

ChatGPT is one of the most buzzworthy technologies today.

In addition to other generative artificial intelligence (AI) models, it is expected to change the world. In academia, students and professors are preparing for the ways that ChatGPT will shape education, and especially how it will impact a fundamental element of any course: the academic essay.

Students can use ChatGPT to generate full essays based on a few simple prompts. But can AI actually produce high quality work, or is the technology just not there yet to deliver on its promise? Students may also be asking themselves if they should use AI to write their essays for them and what they might be losing out on if they did.

AI is here to stay, and it can either be a help or a hindrance depending on how you use it. Read on to become better informed about what ChatGPT can and can’t do, how to use it responsibly to support your academic assignments, and the benefits of writing your own essays.

What is Generative AI?

Artificial intelligence isn’t a twenty-first century invention. Beginning in the 1950s, data scientists started programming computers to solve problems and understand spoken language. AI’s capabilities grew as computer speeds increased and today we use AI for data analysis, finding patterns, and providing insights on the data it collects.

But why the sudden popularity in recent applications like ChatGPT? This new generation of AI goes further than just data analysis. Instead, generative AI creates new content. It does this by analyzing large amounts of data — GPT-3 was trained on 45 terabytes of data, or a quarter of the Library of Congress — and then generating new content based on the patterns it sees in the original data.

It’s like the predictive text feature on your phone; as you start typing a new message, predictive text makes suggestions of what should come next based on data from past conversations. Similarly, ChatGPT creates new text based on past data. With the right prompts, ChatGPT can write marketing content, code, business forecasts, and even entire academic essays on any subject within seconds.

But is generative AI as revolutionary as people think it is, or is it lacking in real intelligence?

The Drawbacks of Generative AI

It seems simple. You’ve been assigned an essay to write for class. You go to ChatGPT and ask it to write a five-paragraph academic essay on the topic you’ve been assigned. You wait a few seconds and it generates the essay for you!

But ChatGPT is still in its early stages of development, and that essay is likely not as accurate or well-written as you’d expect it to be. Be aware of the drawbacks of having ChatGPT complete your assignments.

It’s not intelligence, it’s statistics

One of the misconceptions about AI is that it has a degree of human intelligence. However, its intelligence is actually statistical analysis, as it can only generate “original” content based on the patterns it sees in already existing data and work.

It “hallucinates”

Generative AI models often provide false information — so much so that there’s a term for it: “AI hallucination.” OpenAI even has a warning on its home screen , saying that “ChatGPT may produce inaccurate information about people, places, or facts.” This may be due to gaps in its data, or because it lacks the ability to verify what it’s generating. 

It doesn’t do research  

If you ask ChatGPT to find and cite sources for you, it will do so, but they could be inaccurate or even made up.

This is because AI doesn’t know how to look for relevant research that can be applied to your thesis. Instead, it generates content based on past content, so if a number of papers cite certain sources, it will generate new content that sounds like it’s a credible source — except it likely may not be.

There are data privacy concerns

When you input your data into a public generative AI model like ChatGPT, where does that data go and who has access to it? 

Prompting ChatGPT with original research should be a cause for concern — especially if you’re inputting study participants’ personal information into the third-party, public application. 

JPMorgan has restricted use of ChatGPT due to privacy concerns, Italy temporarily blocked ChatGPT in March 2023 after a data breach, and Security Intelligence advises that “if [a user’s] notes include sensitive data … it enters the chatbot library. The user no longer has control over the information.”

It is important to be aware of these issues and take steps to ensure that you’re using the technology responsibly and ethically. 

It skirts the plagiarism issue

AI creates content by drawing on a large library of information that’s already been created, but is it plagiarizing? Could there be instances where ChatGPT “borrows” from previous work and places it into your work without citing it? Schools and universities today are wrestling with this question of what’s plagiarism and what’s not when it comes to AI-generated work.

To demonstrate this, one Elon University professor gave his class an assignment: Ask ChatGPT to write an essay for you, and then grade it yourself. 

“Many students expressed shock and dismay upon learning the AI could fabricate bogus information,” he writes, adding that he expected some essays to contain errors, but all of them did. 

His students were disappointed that “major tech companies had pushed out AI technology without ensuring that the general population understands its drawbacks” and were concerned about how many embraced such a flawed tool.

Explore Our High School Programs

How to Use AI as a Tool to Support Your Work

As more students are discovering, generative AI models like ChatGPT just aren’t as advanced or intelligent as they may believe. While AI may be a poor option for writing your essay, it can be a great tool to support your work.

Generate ideas for essays

Have ChatGPT help you come up with ideas for essays. For example, input specific prompts, such as, “Please give me five ideas for essays I can write on topics related to WWII,” or “Please give me five ideas for essays I can write comparing characters in twentieth century novels.” Then, use what it provides as a starting point for your original research.

Generate outlines

You can also use ChatGPT to help you create an outline for an essay. Ask it, “Can you create an outline for a five paragraph essay based on the following topic” and it will create an outline with an introduction, body paragraphs, conclusion, and a suggested thesis statement. Then, you can expand upon the outline with your own research and original thought.

Generate titles for your essays

Titles should draw a reader into your essay, yet they’re often hard to get right. Have ChatGPT help you by prompting it with, “Can you suggest five titles that would be good for a college essay about [topic]?”

The Benefits of Writing Your Essays Yourself

Asking a robot to write your essays for you may seem like an easy way to get ahead in your studies or save some time on assignments. But, outsourcing your work to ChatGPT can negatively impact not just your grades, but your ability to communicate and think critically as well. It’s always the best approach to write your essays yourself.

Create your own ideas

Writing an essay yourself means that you’re developing your own thoughts, opinions, and questions about the subject matter, then testing, proving, and defending those thoughts. 

When you complete school and start your career, projects aren’t simply about getting a good grade or checking a box, but can instead affect the company you’re working for — or even impact society. Being able to think for yourself is necessary to create change and not just cross work off your to-do list.

Building a foundation of original thinking and ideas now will help you carve your unique career path in the future.

Develop your critical thinking and analysis skills

In order to test or examine your opinions or questions about a subject matter, you need to analyze a problem or text, and then use your critical thinking skills to determine the argument you want to make to support your thesis. Critical thinking and analysis skills aren’t just necessary in school — they’re skills you’ll apply throughout your career and your life.

Improve your research skills

Writing your own essays will train you in how to conduct research, including where to find sources, how to determine if they’re credible, and their relevance in supporting or refuting your argument. Knowing how to do research is another key skill required throughout a wide variety of professional fields.

Learn to be a great communicator

Writing an essay involves communicating an idea clearly to your audience, structuring an argument that a reader can follow, and making a conclusion that challenges them to think differently about a subject. Effective and clear communication is necessary in every industry.

Be impacted by what you’re learning about : 

Engaging with the topic, conducting your own research, and developing original arguments allows you to really learn about a subject you may not have encountered before. Maybe a simple essay assignment around a work of literature, historical time period, or scientific study will spark a passion that can lead you to a new major or career.

Resources to Improve Your Essay Writing Skills

While there are many rewards to writing your essays yourself, the act of writing an essay can still be challenging, and the process may come easier for some students than others. But essay writing is a skill that you can hone, and students at Harvard Summer School have access to a number of on-campus and online resources to assist them.

Students can start with the Harvard Summer School Writing Center , where writing tutors can offer you help and guidance on any writing assignment in one-on-one meetings. Tutors can help you strengthen your argument, clarify your ideas, improve the essay’s structure, and lead you through revisions. 

The Harvard libraries are a great place to conduct your research, and its librarians can help you define your essay topic, plan and execute a research strategy, and locate sources. 

Finally, review the “ The Harvard Guide to Using Sources ,” which can guide you on what to cite in your essay and how to do it. Be sure to review the “Tips For Avoiding Plagiarism” on the “ Resources to Support Academic Integrity ” webpage as well to help ensure your success.

Sign up to our mailing list to learn more about Harvard Summer School

The Future of AI in the Classroom

ChatGPT and other generative AI models are here to stay, so it’s worthwhile to learn how you can leverage the technology responsibly and wisely so that it can be a tool to support your academic pursuits. However, nothing can replace the experience and achievement gained from communicating your own ideas and research in your own academic essays.

About the Author

Jessica A. Kent is a freelance writer based in Boston, Mass. and a Harvard Extension School alum. Her digital marketing content has been featured on Fast Company, Forbes, Nasdaq, and other industry websites; her essays and short stories have been featured in North American Review, Emerson Review, Writer’s Bone, and others.

5 Key Qualities of Students Who Succeed at Harvard Summer School (and in College!)

This guide outlines the kinds of students who thrive at Harvard Summer School and what the programs offer in return.

Harvard Division of Continuing Education

The Division of Continuing Education (DCE) at Harvard University is dedicated to bringing rigorous academics and innovative teaching capabilities to those seeking to improve their lives through education. We make Harvard education accessible to lifelong learners from high school to retirement.

Harvard Division of Continuing Education Logo

Search code, repositories, users, issues, pull requests...

Provide feedback.

We read every piece of feedback, and take your input very seriously.

Saved searches

Use saved searches to filter your results more quickly.

To see all available qualifiers, see our documentation .

  • Notifications

This list of writing prompts covers a range of topics and tasks, including brainstorming research ideas, improving language and style, conducting literature reviews, and developing research plans.

ahmetbersoz/chatgpt-prompts-for-academic-writing

Folders and files, repository files navigation.

✨ NEW UPDATE: Literature Review Generator

A Custom GPT for Literature Review Generator has been released. It efficiently parses PDF files of research publications, extracts key themes, and creates a literature review section for your academic publications.

TRY NOW: https://chat.openai.com/g/g-G3U8pZGwC-literature-review-generator

ChatGPT Prompts for Academic Writing

In this repository, this list of writing prompts covers a range of topics and tasks, including brainstorming research ideas, improving language and style, conducting literature reviews, and developing research plans. Whether you're a student, researcher, or academic professional, these prompts can help you hone your writing abilities and tackle your writing projects with confidence.

Use directly in: chat.openai.com

The list is regularly updated, so you can keep track of new prompts by following this repository.

TIPS: As there is a limit to the number of words that can be used in ChatGPT, you can input your text multiple times using the prompt "Read this [PARAPGRAPH]:" and then run your final prompt "Considering the above text...".

You can also use prompts splitter: chatgpt-prompt-splitter.jjdiaz.dev

BRAINSTORMING

Article sections, title/topic sentence, introduction, literature review.

NOTE: Be careful and double-check article existence. ChatGPT may generate fake references

Methodology

Experiments, future works, improving language, summarization, plan/presentation, working with documents (available only in gpt-4).

Upload a PDF file of a paper then:

Upload a PDF file of your paper then:

Upload PDF files of papers then:

Upload a figure image then:

Contributors 4

@ahmetbersoz

technology science

artificial intelligence

10 Must-Try ChatGPT Plugins To Help You With Research Thesis

Updated Feb 19, 2024, 08:51 PM IST

ChatGPT Plugins

WWE, Zomato And Netflix React As John Cena Breaks The Internet With This Epic Shah Rukh Khan Post

Angel Number 27 Its Meaning Significance and Why Youre Seeing It and What You Need to Know

Angel Number 27, Its Meaning, Significance and Why You’re Seeing It and What You Need to Know

1st day ever Eugenie Bouchard posts pictures of her skiing adventures

'1st day ever..': Eugenie Bouchard posts pictures of her skiing adventures

Anushka Sharma Virat Kohli Announce Arrival Of New baby Boy

Anushka Sharma Virat Kohli Announce Arrival Of New baby Boy

Pune Subway Connecting MSRTC Bus Terminus To Metro Station Likely To Be Ready By April

Pune: Subway Connecting MSRTC Bus Terminus To Metro Station Likely To Be Ready By April

Virat Kohli Anushka Sharma Confirm Birth Of Second Child Akaay

Virat Kohli, Anushka Sharma Confirm Birth Of Second Child 'Akaay'

Man Attacks Wife With Machete Over Suspected Affair In Bengaluru

Man Attacks Wife With Machete Over Suspected Affair In Bengaluru

Tejas Light Combat Jet Flies Successfully With Indigenously-Developed Digital Flight Control Computer

Tejas Light Combat Jet Flies Successfully With Indigenously-Developed Digital Flight Control Computer

First Human With Brain-Chip From Neuralink Is Controlling Mouse With His Thoughts Says Elon Musk

First Human With Brain-Chip From Neuralink Is Controlling Mouse With His Thoughts, Says Elon Musk

Adobe Is Adding AI Features To PDFs With New AI Assistant In Reader And Acrobat

Adobe Is Adding AI Features To PDFs With New AI Assistant In Reader And Acrobat

How To Enable Voice Isolation On Your iPhone And Mac

How To Enable Voice Isolation On Your iPhone And Mac

Remember Dogecoin Now You Can Buy A Ferrari Using It

Remember Dogecoin? Now You Can Buy A Ferrari Using It

10 AI Email Marketing Tools You Must Try In 2024

10 AI Email Marketing Tools You Must Try In 2024

A scoping review of ChatGPT's role in healthcare education and research

Affiliations.

  • 1 Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address: [email protected].
  • 2 Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National University Health Systems, Singapore; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
  • 3 Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
  • PMID: 38340639
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2024.106121

Objectives: To examine and consolidate literature regarding the advantages and disadvantages of utilizing ChatGPT in healthcare education and research.

Design/methods: We searched seven electronic databases (PubMed/Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global, and Web of Science) from November 2022 until September 2023. This scoping review adhered to Arksey and O'Malley's framework and followed reporting guidelines outlined in the PRISMA-ScR checklist. For analysis, we employed Thomas and Harden's thematic synthesis framework.

Results: A total of 100 studies were included. An overarching theme, "Forging the Future: Bridging Theory and Integration of ChatGPT" emerged, accompanied by two main themes (1) Enhancing Healthcare Education, Research, and Writing with ChatGPT, (2) Controversies and Concerns about ChatGPT in Healthcare Education Research and Writing, and seven subthemes.

Conclusions: Our review underscores the importance of acknowledging legitimate concerns related to the potential misuse of ChatGPT such as 'ChatGPT hallucinations', its limited understanding of specialized healthcare knowledge, its impact on teaching methods and assessments, confidentiality and security risks, and the controversial practice of crediting it as a co-author on scientific papers, among other considerations. Furthermore, our review also recognizes the urgency of establishing timely guidelines and regulations, along with the active engagement of relevant stakeholders, to ensure the responsible and safe implementation of ChatGPT's capabilities. We advocate for the use of cross-verification techniques to enhance the precision and reliability of generated content, the adaptation of higher education curricula to incorporate ChatGPT's potential, educators' need to familiarize themselves with the technology to improve their literacy and teaching approaches, and the development of innovative methods to detect ChatGPT usage. Furthermore, data protection measures should be prioritized when employing ChatGPT, and transparent reporting becomes crucial when integrating ChatGPT into academic writing.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence; Health occupations; Health personnel; Healthcare; Machine learning; Natural language processing.

Copyright © 2024 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

Publication types

  • Open access
  • Published: 13 February 2024

Impact of ChatGPT on ESL students’ academic writing skills: a mixed methods intervention study

  • Santosh Mahapatra   ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0002-0077-2882 1  

Smart Learning Environments volume  11 , Article number:  9 ( 2024 ) Cite this article

1592 Accesses

7 Altmetric

Metrics details

This paper presents a study on the impact of ChatGPT as a formative feedback tool on the writing skills of undergraduate ESL students. Since artificial intelligence-driven automated writing evaluation tools positively impact students’ writing, ChatGPT, a generative artificial intelligence-propelled tool, can be expected to have a more substantial positive impact. However, very little empirical evidence regarding the impact of ChatGPT on writing is available. The current mixed methods intervention study tried to address this gap. Data were collected from tertiary level ESL students through three tests and as many focus group discussions. The findings indicate a significant positive impact of ChatGPT on students' academic writing skills, and students’ perceptions of the impact were also overwhelmingly positive. The study strengthens and advances theories of feedback as a dialogic tool and ChatGPT as a reliable writing tool, and has practical implications. With proper student training, ChatGPT can be a good feedback tool in large-size writing classes. Future researchers can investigate the impact of ChatGPT on various specific genres and micro aspects of writing.

Introduction

Formative feedback positively impacts students’ writing (Anderson & Ayaawan, 2023 ; Butterfuss et al., 2022 Huisman et al., 2019 ). Usually associated with formative assessment strategies such as self-and peer assessment, formative feedback can be directed to address students’ needs for explanation (Bozorgian & Yazdani, 2021 ; Zhang et al., 2023 ) concerning various aspects of writing such as content, organization, grammar, vocabulary, and style. Since formative feedback is a continuous process, it offers real-time support to students as they write (Zhu et al., 2020 ). However, it is time-consuming and challenging to implement in a large classroom (Golzar et al., 2022 ). Such crowded classrooms are parts of everyday realities in many educational institutions in most developing and underdeveloped countries across the Global South. Addressing students’ individual feedback needs in such classrooms is a significant challenge. Computer-mediated feedback has evolved as a potential solution to this problem in writing classrooms (Taskiran & Goksel, 2022 ; Yamashita, 2021 ), especially in institutions of higher education in countries where students have access to portable computing devices and the Internet (Mahapatra, 2021 ). Globally, artificial intelligence (AI)-driven automated feedback is fast becoming a norm (Rad et al., 2023 ). Based on a large language model, ChatGPT, a relatively new addition to the repertoire of AI tools, can provide meaningful writing samples (Barrot, 2023 ), adjust the difficulty level of texts matching leaners’ proficiency level (Bonner et al., 2023 ), offer advice regarding various structural aspects of a text and translate it (Imran & Almusharraf, 2023 ), and facilitate guided writing (Kohnke et al., 2023 ). These affordances can aid self-reliance and fulfill instant feedback needs of students. It can provide human-like expert assistance to students in idea generation, organization, maintaining accuracy and choosing appropriate vocabulary (Tai et al., 2023 ). However, currently, little empirical evidence is available on the impact of ChatGPT on students' writing skills (Su et al., 2023 ). Though there are discussions on its utility as a feedback tool (Bonner et al., 2023 ), few empirical studies make such claims. Thus, the present study looked into the impact of ChatGPT as a feedback tool on the academic writing skills of undergraduate English as a second language (ESL) students in a relatively crowded classroom at a university. To achieve the aim, the study employed a mixed methods intervention design with ChatGPT (as a feedback tool) as the independent variable and writing skills as the dependent variable. It was hypothesized that the employment of ChatGPT as a feedback tool would significantly impact students’ writing skills. Considering that the study was set in relatively crowded classes, the findings can be generalized to similar ESL/English as a foreign language (EFL) settings. Additionally, the attempt to use ChatGPT as a feedback tool can be of significant pedagogic value and lead to further explorations globally.

Literature review

The utility and positive impact of formative feedback in the writing classroom are well-established (Olsen & Huns, 2023 ). When operationalized in the form of self-and peer assessment (SA and PA), formative feedback leads to reflection, self-regulation, self-monitoring, and revision on the parts of students (Lam, 2018 ). SA and PA can be used to augment learning in large-size writing classrooms often encountered in developing and under-developed countries in the Global South (Fathi & Khodabakhsh, 2019 ; Mathur & Mahapatra, 2022 ). However, research on feedback in large writing classes is limited (Rodrigues et al., 2022 ). It has been reported that smarter techniques must replace traditional ways to offer personalized dialogic feedback to students (Kohnke et al., 2023 ). With the proliferation of AI-driven tools such as Grammarly, QuillBot, Copy.ai, WordTune, ChatGPT, and others, it has become easier for students to obtain feedback on their writing (Marzuki et al., 2023 ; Zhao, 2022 ). They have advanced automated writing evaluation (AWE) and feedback in writing (Gayed et al., 2022 ). While the literature on Grammarly as a feedback tool in the writing classroom is well-established (Fitriana & Nurazani, 2022 ; Koltovskaia, 2020 ; Thi & Nikolov, 2022 ) and its positive impact on writing has been investigated empirically (Chang et al., 2021 ), the use of AI chatbots like ChatGPT for leveraging feedback in writing classes is a relatively new area and requires further investigation (Barrot, 2023 ). Since ChatGPT is a large generative language model, its potential to help students with writing is immense. It is more student-friendly and can provide more need-based assistance than other AWE tools, as suggested by Guo et al. ( 2022 ) and Rudolph et al. ( 2023 ). It can support student writing by providing appropriate directions related to content and organization as they write (Allagui, 2023 ). Since it can automatically train itself and learn from previous conversations (Chan & Hu, 2023 ), students can receive tailored feedback suitable for individual needs.

Like earlier AI chatbots, ChatGPT can be used for generating ideas and brainstorming (Lingard, 2023 ). Recently, it has been accepted that ChatGPT can make writing easier and faster (Stokel-Walker, 2022 ). This potential, when exploited by teachers, can be converted into a dependable feedback tool. Wang and Guo ( 2023 ) discuss ChatGPT supporting students with learning grammar and vocabulary. As pointed out by Rudolph et al. ( 2023 ), irrespective of students’ ability to use language accurately to ask questions, ChatGPT can provide feedback and information. In another study by Dai et al. ( 2023 ), students received corrective feedback from ChatGPT. Mizumoto and Eguchi ( 2023 ) also highlight similar findings when they tried ChatGPT as an AWE tool. In a study conducted in Saudi Arabia, Ali et al. ( 2023 ) discuss the positive impact of its use on learners’ motivation. It could be due to its ability to provide reliable explanations (Kohnke et al., 2023 ) without the student having to go through the anxiety of asking the query in a classroom (Su et al., 2023 ). Since coming into existence in the last part of 2022 (OpenAI, 2022 ), ChatGPT has gained immense popularity among language educators. It has been reported as capable of producing high-quality texts (Gao et al., 2022 ), offering feedback on text organization, language use and recommending corrections (Ohio University, 2023 ), logically organizing content, adding appropriate supporting details and conclusion (Fitria, 2023 ). While Yan ( 2023 ) has reported benefits to students’ writing skills through its use, he has also warned that its use can threaten academic honesty and ethicality in writing.

Theoretically, the utilization of ChatGPT for leveraging formative feedback can be placed within a framework comprising two theories. The first one is the theory of feedback as a dialogic process advocated by Winstone and Carless ( 2020 ). According to them, when feedback involves interactions, it leads to students clarifying their expectations, obtaining desired information and guidance, and making progress in learning. ChatGPT facilitates dialogue by responding to the user’s queries regarding various aspects of writing. It offers suggestions when sought and functions as a support-on-demand tool. Additionally, it admits mistakes and rectifies itself thereby making dialogue meaningful. The second one is Barrot’s ( 2023 ) theory of ChatGPT as a reliable writing tool that can provide immediate, need-based, and tailored feedback to students as they move through different stages of writing. The current study was built on these two theories as its aim was to utilize ChatGPT as a formative feedback tool involving SA and PA, and assess its impact on students’ academic writing skills.

Research questions

The study addressed the following two research questions:

In an intensive academic writing course, when the instructional hours and tasks are held constant, does the employment of ChatGPT as a feedback tool have any significant impact on undergraduate ESL students’ writing skills?

How do the experimental group students perceive the impact of ChatGPT as a feedback tool on their writing skills?

Methodology

Mixed methods intervention design.

A mixed methods intervention design (Creswell & Plano-Clark, 2017 ) was adopted for the study. Since the study aimed to assess the impact of ChatGPT as a feedback tool and involved an intervention, a quasi-experimental design was an automatic choice for such a study, as with intervention studies in education (Gopalan et al., 2020 ). However, considering that qualitative data add to the validity of the claims and the strength of the study by providing in-depth details about how students used ChatGPT for self-and peer feedback during classroom assessments, it was logical to choose a mixed methods design. Figure  1 shows the design of the study.

figure 1

Design of the study

Participants

An intact class of students randomly assigned to two sections was chosen for the study. This aligns with the sampling principle used for quasi-experimental studies in education and applied linguistics (Perry Jr., 2011 ). These were first-year science and engineering students in an elite private-run university in India. None of them had used ChatGPT to improve their writing skills before the intervention. However, the participants had the experience of using mobile phones, laptops, the Internet, and AI tools such as Grammarly. Most of them were from financially well-off backgrounds and had exposure to television, media, and books on various topics from an early age. They were informed about the nature of participation and what they were expected to do before the start of the intervention. Their participation was voluntary, and they were given the choice to opt out of the study at any point during the intervention. Finally, 78 people in the experimental group (EG) and 56 in the comparison group (CG) consented to participate in the study. Since they were in their first year, most students in CG did not know students from the EG. All of them studied in English medium schools before joining the undergraduate program, had English as their second language, and aged between 18 and 19 years. Only those who attended all the intervention classes, i.e., six hours and took the pre-, post-, and delayed post-tests, were included in the reported data. Thus, 35 students from the EG and 37 students from the CG were included in the study. Six students volunteered when invited to participate in focus group discussions (FGDs). However, only five students participated in all three FGDs. Table 1 presents the inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Methods of data collection

Data were collected for the study primarily through three tests of writing. Each test comprised three tasks focusing on process, comparison, and cause-effect (see “ Appendix ”). Since all students studied science before joining the undergraduate program, they were familiar with scientific contexts used in the tasks. The rationale behind the task choice was that the writing genres were frequently used for academic purposes by the target group of students and were also part of the regular syllabus. Rubrics were created by the researcher and another teacher, who also taught the course to other groups of students, for each writing task type and were validated by two experts in applied linguistics. The evaluation criteria in the rubrics included content, organization, grammar, and vocabulary. The researcher and the other teacher evaluated students’ writing performance using the rubrics. For all write-ups, Cohen’s Kappa was found to be more than 0.8, indicating a strong inter-rater reliability. The qualitative data for the study were collected through FGDs with five EG students. The FGDs focused on obtaining views about and experiences of using ChatGPT for self-and peer feedback purposes. They were also encouraged to share artefacts as screenshots during the FGDs.

Procedure of data collection

Data were collected in various phases spanning almost an academic semester. First, students in the CG and EG took a pre-test. In the next phase, the EG was prepared through a short training program on using ChatGPT for SA and PA purposes in the writing classroom. In fact, Mathur and Mahapatra ( 2022 ) have recommended training for learners before using a digital tool in the classroom. After that, the intervention was undertaken in which the EG was taught process, comparison and cause-effect writing for six hours, and ChatGPT was used for SA and PA. Figure  2 presents the details about the intervention.

figure 2

Intervention plan

During the intervention, which was completed in a month, two FGDs were organized to obtain information about students’ views on the employment of ChatGPT. The following prompts guided these discussions:

We are using ChatGPT to assess our own and our peers’ writing. How would you describe your experience with it?

We are getting feedback on the topic sentence, supporting details, concluding sentence, use of signposts, appropriateness of content, and grammar. How beneficial do you think this exercise is?

Do you have any suggestions for making the employment of ChatGPT more impactful?

In the fourth phase, a post-test was conducted for the CH and EG immediately after the end of the intervention. In the last phase, a delayed post-test was conducted for both groups and another FGD was conducted with five students from the EG. Both were organized almost two months after the post-test.

The quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed separately and then triangulated to obtain answers to the research questions. Statistical analyses were performed for the quantitative data, which comprised pre-test, post-test, and delayed post-test scores for the CG and the EG. In fact, Rose et al. ( 2020 ) recommend using delayed post-tests for the robust assessment of the intervention impact. It is also a practice in writing related interventions (Rezai et al., 2022 ). The data analysis involved a one-way RM ANOVA run on the EG’s scores across three tests to compare the corresponding mean scores. A post-hoc Bonferroni test (Loewen & Plonsky, 2017 ) was run to control the overall error rate due to RM ANOVA. Then, a one-tailed t -test was computed to compare the pre-test, post-test and delayed post-test mean scores of the CG and the EG. Before the t -tests were run, Levine’s test for equality of variance was calculated. The f -ratio value was 0.16078, and the p -value was 0.689658. The result was not significant at p  < 0.05; thus, the homogeneity requirement is met. Also, a Shapiro–Wilk test was conducted to test normality. For the CG, it did not show a significant departure from normality, W (35) = 0.98, p  = 0.675. For the EG too, no significant departure from normality was observed, W (37) = 0.96, p  = 0.168. Grubb’s test, performed to identify outliers, did not find any.

The qualitative analysis involved coding the transcripts of the FGDs. A phronetic iterative approach (Tracy, 2019 ) was adopted in this case. The approach was found suitable because the coding was inductive, and at the same time, it was guided by the themes that emerged through the review of literature and a few known patterns.

Positive impact of ChatGPT as a feedback tool

The impact of ChatGPT as a feedback tool on students’ writing skills was positive and significant. The differences among the EG mean scores for the pre-test, post-test, and delayed post-test (see Table  2 ) indicate the trajectory of improvement in students’ writing skills.

The claim is strengthened by the results from the one-way RM ANOVA computations. The results (F [2, 72] = 330.704, p  = 5.146e−37, η 2  = 0.902) indicate a significant difference among some of the mean scores across the tests. A Bonferroni post-hoc test was performed to trace any significant differences between pairs due to the intervention. The differences between the pre-test and post-test ( p  < 0.001, d  = − 3.300) and pre-test and delayed post-test ( p  < 0.001, d  = − 3.898) scores were found to be statistically highly significant. A significant difference was observed between the post-test and delayed post-test scores ( p  < 0.01, d  = − 0.598) (see Tables 3 , 4  and 5 ).

Since the findings from the one-way RM ANOVA offered little information about the comparative performance between the CG and the EG, two one-tailed independent sample t -tests were computed for both groups' post-test and delayed post-test scores. A significant difference was found between the post-test scores of the CG and the EG: t (70) = − 5.643, p  = 3.297e−7, with the EG’s ( M  = 19.216, SD = 2.485) mean score significantly higher than that of the CG ( M  = 16.371, SD = 1.695). The difference continued to be statistically significant for the delayed post-test scores of the CG and the EG: t (70) = − 9.371, p  = 5.544e−14, with EG’s ( M  = 20.419, SD = 2.575) mean score significantly higher than that of the CG ( M  = 15.400, SD = 1.897) (see Tables 6 , 7 and  8 ).

Students’ positive perception of the impact

The FGDs were transcribed and coded. Table 9 presents the analysis.

The codes were classified under three main themes: content, organization, and grammar and two sub-themes: positive and specific and negative. When asked about their views on the impact of ChatGPT as a feedback tool, students in FGDs spoke in terms of content, organization, and grammar.

The way it guides us in obtaining the required information, arranging our ideas, and writing correctly is surprising. I was never aware that it could be a writing buddy. (S2, FGD 1) You see, when we were asking it to help us with organizing the ideas in writing, it gave us some directions. I guess that’s quite helpful. It’s like someone is constantly there to oversee your writing process. (S4, FGD 1) It’s actually better than Grammarly in the sense that it explains the grammar issues when asked. You have a choice, and you can also learn from it. (S1, FGD 2)

They seemed to be happy about how ChatGPT helped them generate ideas and focused information on the given topic and work independently.

The best part about ChatGPT is that you ask for information, and you get it. You can go as specific or detailed as you wish. This reduced our thinking time invested to get ideas and information. (S5, FGD 3) I felt that it was a handy support tool for writing without being dependent on anyone. When we write, we usually have queries regarding several aspects of writing. With ChatGPT, you have a reliable support system with you. I like that freedom. (S3, FGD 2)

They also highlighted how it promoted collaboration among peers, facilitated faster task completion, helped them create strong topic sentences and reduced brainstorming time.

When you use ChatGPT in a classroom with your classroom, you’re doing it with several people. So much talk going on simultaneously! It’s kinda cool. The conversations are so meaningful and without noticing, we are working together and writing. (S2, FGD 3) I absolutely love how we play with it together and how that fun is so productive. The process took much less time and there was this constant focused chatter which helped complete the tasks. We didn’t miss anything significant, for example, when cheating the topic sentence, because one or two people are working with me and giving me feedback on the topic and the strength of the controlling idea. (S4, SGD 2)

However, it was also pointed out on a few occasions that ChatGPT could lead to a lack of motivation to think and more machine dependence.

It might be a concern that my dependence might discourage me to do things on my own when writing. What if I won’t want to write on my own? It can be scary, but I don’t know. (S5, FGD 3)

In their comments on the impact of ChatGPT as a feedback tool on organization in writing, it was an overwhelming claim that ChatGPT made it easier to stay focused on the topic when writing.

We felt that it keeps us on our toes. You know it’s so easy to get diverted and include details unrelated to the topic. When you as ChatGPT, it tells you where you skid off the track. (S1, FGD 3) It’s unreal! You share the topic sentence and the supporting details and it tells you if and how you have adhered to the controlling idea in your details. Isn’t that cool? I don’t think we can do that so accurately on our own. (S3, FGD 3)

Students also mentioned that through feedback, they could add appropriate supporting details related to the main idea, use proper signposts, and write strong conclusions. More collaboration among peers when organizing the content was also highlighted.

When you asked us to write that paragraph on AI use in education, I created a topic sentence and added the required details along with a concluding sentence. When I asked GPT to tell me if my concluding sentence is a good one for the topic sentence, the feedback surprisingly good. I did the same when sharing feedback on my friends’ writing. (S5, FGD 2) I’m happy that I have improved my signpost use. In fact, most of my classmates have too. It made me conscious about the choice of signposts. The thread connecting information and ideas suddenly felt more robust. Sometimes, the explicit explanation with examples helped. (S4, FGD 3)

Though a minor, nonetheless, ChatGPT was claimed to impose a pattern on writing and hinder creativity in content organization.

I’m not sure, but sometimes it feels like I’m under a spell and I’m arranging information as directed. Though it’s my responsibility to choose and accept, I may be getting too lazy to use my own creativity to place things in order. (S2, FGD 3)

When talking about the impact of ChatGPT on grammar, students highlighted ChatGPT as a reliable source of grammar, a tool for improving accuracy in sentence structure and obtaining explanations for language errors.

I’ve been using Grammarly for a while, but it provides explanations for the grammar queries or when it identifies an error. Nothing like knowing the details about the issue. We kinda get sucked into curiosity by asking it questions on sentence structure, tense use and other aspects of grammar. It provides detailed explanations with examples. Good alternative to Grammarly, dictionary and other such stuff. (S1, FGD 3)

On several occasions, students shared artefacts showing how ChatGPT directs them to use of zero conditionals in scientific writing. Thus, when asked to verify ‘At first, we take a bowl full of water and heat it. When it boils, we will stop the stove. Then, we take it out.’ by a student, ChatGPT provides a polished version: ‘Initially, a bowl filled with water was taken and heated. Once the boiling point is reached, the stove was promptly turned off. Subsequently, the bowl was carefully removed.’ On some other occasions, students were encouraged by ChatGPT responses and sought further explanations related to the correct use of punctuation, articles, and sentence structures in formal contexts. In the above-mentioned case, ChatGPT explains that the use of past tense and passive voice are common in scientific writing, especially in the methods section and that passive voice adds to objectivity and clarity in writing.

The minor patterns included the claims related to helping with vocabulary choices, peer discussions and contributing to explicit knowledge of grammar. Two relatively minor patterns indicating negative impacts also emerged from the FGDs: lack of attention among students in terms of maintaining grammatical accuracy in writing and an increase in machine dependence.

This mixed methods intervention study assessed the impact of ChatGPT as a formative feedback tool on academic writing skills of undergraduate ESL students, which comprised the first research question. In addition, it also captured students’ views on the impact of ChatGPT on their writing skills, which was the focus of the second research question. The answer to the first question was obtained through the quasi-experimental study, and the FGD data was analyzed to find the answer to the second question. The findings from the experiment corroborated those from the FGDs. Few studies before this (published in mainstream journals) have empirically explored the impact of ChatGPT on academic writing skills. Thus, the current study bears significance. The study contributes to several areas of research on academic writing. First, it demonstrates the utilization of ChatGPT for formative feedback purposes in an academic writing classroom. Second, it is conducted in a natural setting without many intrusive measures. Last, the mixed methods intervention design employed for the study is relatively rare in academic writing research.

Positive impact on writing skills

Though the CG and the EG students demonstrated improved writing skills during the period under consideration, the EG’s performance was significantly better than their CG peers across two post-intervention tests. Though there is little research on the impact of ChatGPT on students’ academic writing skills, the findings are consistent with those reported by researchers who focused on the impact of AI-driven AWE tools on tertiary-level students’ writing skills (Marzuki et al., 2023 ; Zhao, 2022 ). Many existing studies utilized these tools for formative purposes (Rudolph et al., 2023 ) and found similar results. Thus, the employment of generative AI only strengthens those claims. The positive impact was evident in students’ achievements in terms of generation of focused ideas, better connection among ideas and sentences, and improved grammatical accuracy, which were also claimed by previous researchers (Allagui, 2023 ; Kohnke et al., 2023 ; Su et al., 2023 ; Wang & Guo, 2023 ). The delayed post-test results in this study add to the generalizability of the positive impact claims (Rose et al., 2020 ). In fact, the literature on delayed post-tests highlights the sustainability of the impact and retention of writing skills (Rezai et al., 2022 ). The continued positive impact could be a result of various factors. First, planned training was organized for students before the intervention was undertaken, as advised by researchers who undertook similar interventions (Mathur & Mahapatra, 2022 ). Second, students were engaged in SA and PA, which have been proven effective strategies in writing classrooms (Mathur & Mahapatra, 2022 ). Third, the metalinguistic explanations as part of the corrective feedback could have made a difference, as claimed by many previous researchers (Kohnke et al., 2023 ). Fourth, the instant and personalized nature of the obtained feedback could have strongly impacted the continued positive impact (Gayed et al., 2022 ). Fifth, self-correction was made easy (Dai et al., 2023 ) Last, a major factor that might have shaped EG students’ performance in the study is their pre-intervention proficiency levels. They had to pass a challenging test of English to join the institution. Thus, future researchers may investigate language proficiency as a variable when determining the impact of ChatGPT. The fear regarding the loss of creativity and the imposition of a pre-decided pattern is an addition to the fear regarding the loss of ethicality and such issues reported by Yan ( 2023 ). Several other factors, like the affordances of ChatGPT as a writing tool and its ability to engage students in a dialogic feedback process, backed by theories of Barrot ( 2023 ) and Winstone and Carless ( 2020 ), also strengthened the theoretical foundations underpinning the use of ChatGPT. Through the empirical evidence on the utility of ChatGPT as a formative feedback tool in the academic writing classroom, this study establishes that the integration of ChatGPT into the academic writing instruction can yield positive impacts when the instructor is aware of the affordances of ChatGPT and knows how to guide students about its utilities. It also proves that the dialogic nature of ChatGPT can be fully put to use when students are adequately prepared.

Students’ positive outlook

The findings from the analysis of FGD data indicate an overall positive attitude towards the impact of ChatGPT. This finding is consistent with the literature on students’ views on the impact of ChatGPT and other AI-driven tools on their writing (Marzuki et al., 2023 ; Yan, 2023 ). The overall positive attitude can be explained by the enthusiasm for using ChatGPT in the classroom. The findings on how ChatGPT aids content generation align with Gayed et al.’s ( 2022 ), Guo et al.’s ( 2022 ) and Marzuki et al.’s ( 2023 ) claims. In fact, this confirms assertions in the education literature on ChatGPT. Staying focused on the topic is an added advantage which could be new to the literature.

On the other hand, the promotion of learner autonomy and peer collaboration are similar to findings in the AWE literature (Dai et al., 2023 ; Rudolph et al., 2023 ). The advantages of faster task completion and creating a more robust topic, and concluding sentences are attractive, as they are relatively new to the AWE and ChatGPT literature. They may need more microscopic investigation.

In terms of organization, the perceived impact confirms the findings of Allagui ( 2023 ) and Marzuki et al. ( 2023 ), who highlight the help with the organization of content in their study. Thi and Nikolov’s ( 2022 ) study on Grammarly reports negative perceptions related to organization, with which the current study disagrees. The reasons for this kind of perception may have to do with their ability to ask appropriate questions. It will be interesting to examine whether students with low proficiency levels can benefit from ChatGPT in terms of the organization of their content. Another overwhelming opinion that emerged from the study is that ChatGPT improves grammatical accuracy, which is in line with the claims by Ohio University ( 2023 ) and Wang and Guo ( 2023 ). Though it is an expected finding that strengthens results reported in Grammarly studies (Fitriana & Nurazani, 2022 ), the highlight here is the attention paid by students to the explicit metalinguistic feedback, which is also found in AWE literature (Kohnke et al., 2023 ). However, the lack of attention to accuracy-related details may need longitudinal-focused inquiries.

The study was an attempt to investigate the extent to which the employment of ChatGPT as a feedback tool impacts ESL students’ academic writing skills. It could be one of the earliest intervention-based empirical inquiries into the impact of ChatGPT on students’ academic writing skills. Conducted as a mixed methods intervention study, the study’s findings were on expected lines. The significant positive impact coupled with students' positive perception of the same can add a fresh perspective to the literature on ChatGPT and other AWE tools. The findings of the study add to the literature on AWE, especially the use of generative AI. They strengthen and further theories of feedback as a dialogic tool and ChatGPT as a formative feedback tool that can be harmoniously integrated into large writing classes. The findings of the study demonstrate that interactions facilitated by ChatGPT during the process of writing has a direct positive impact on student learning. It positively influences how students seek feedback, how they engage with it and how they make improvements in their academic writing. It enables students to overcome the anxiety involved in asking for and receiving the desired kind of feedback. In large classes, where feedback-related dialogue is a thorny issue, ChatGPT can be a potential game-changer. It can provide tailored feedback that goes beyond the barriers of language, time, and place. It may be safely claimed that students who may not be very proficient in English can ask for and receive help in their own language on ChatGPT. The study also makes a case for ChatGPT as a formative feedback tool that can drive writing forward through SA and PA. In a way, ChatGPT breaks the barrier between SA and PA and strengthens the role of a teacher as a facilitator because many time-consuming tasks in large size writing classrooms such as monitoring content, organization, vocabulary use and grammatical accuracy can be easily performed by ChatGPT.

The study establishes the potential of ChatGPT as a pedagogic tool for writing classrooms, especially in many Global South countries where students have access to portable computing devices and the Internet. It can be easily integrated into the regular teaching of academic writing skills in institutions of higher education. A major factor that needs mentioning is the teacher’s attitude towards ChatGPT and their ability to use it in a constructive manner in a large size classroom. The latter one includes self-and student-training. It is true that many webinars and workshops on the use of ChatGPT are being conducted for teachers working in Global South countries like India. However, without proper reflective planning and an analysis of the need for shunning traditional feedback strategies, the use of ChatGPT may not be as impactful. Thus, teacher education programs need to orient teachers towards utilizing ChatGPT in their writing classrooms.

Methodologically, using mixed methods intervention design, a potent way of conducting educational experiments, can be a significant addition to the applied linguistics literature. Though it is one of the first attempts to empirically investigate the impact of ChatGPT on students’ academic writing skills, the study has a few limitations. First, it focused on only three writing genres. Second, the intervention lasted for only six hours. Third, artefacts from students were not included in the study. Since the study used an intact classroom, which adds to the authenticity and validity of sampling, it was impossible to go beyond the prescribed syllabus, focus on more components and continue the intervention for more hours. The artefacts could have added to the study, but privacy and copyright issues were difficult to overcome. It may be difficult to ignore how the limitations could have shaped the findings. The findings could be true for only three genres, but a major genre like argumentative writing got ignored in the process. Thus, any generalization should be carefully worded. Also, the absence of artefacts hurts the validity of claims. The findings are entirely based on the tests and students’ opinions which could have been strengthened by the collection and analysis of artefacts from the classroom. Future researchers can investigate the impact of ChatGPT using an extended intervention period. More investigation is required to compare its impact on various writing genres and across various micro features. Another exciting area could be the impact of corrective metalinguistic written feedback given through ChatGPT on students’ writing skills. With ethical issues looming large, the future of writing research will nonetheless be dominated by generative AI writing tools like ChatGPT.

Availability of data and materials

The data will be made available upon appropriate request to the author.

Abbreviations

Artificial intelligence

English as a second language

English as a foreign language

Self-assessment

Peer-assessment

Automated writing evaluation

Ali, J. K. M., Shamsan, M. A. A., Hezam, T. A., & Mohammed, A. A. Q. (2023). Impact of ChatGPT on learning motivation: Teachers and students’ voices. Journal of English Studies in Arabia Felix, 2 (1), 41–49. https://doi.org/10.56540/jesaf.v2i1.51

Article   Google Scholar  

Allagui, B. (2023). Chatbot Feedback on students’ writing: Typology of comments and effectiveness. In O. Gervasi, B. Murgante, A. M. A. C. Rocha, C. Garau, F. Scorza, Y. Karaca, & C. M. Torre (Eds.), International conference on computational science and its applications (pp. 377–384). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-37129-5_31

Chapter   Google Scholar  

Anderson, J. A., & Ayaawan, A. E. (2023). Formative feedback in a writing programme at the University of Ghana. In A. Esimaje, B. van Rooy, D. Jolayemi, D. Nkemleke, & E. Klu (Eds.), African perspectives on the teaching and learning of English in higher education (pp. 197–213). Routledge.

Barrot, J. S. (2023). Using ChatGPT for second language writing: Pitfalls and potentials. Assessing Writing, 57 , 100745. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asw.2023.100745

Bonner, E., Lege, R., & Frazier, E. (2023). Large language model-based artificial intelligence in the language classroom: Practical ideas for teaching. Teaching English with Technology, 23 (1), 23–41. https://doi.org/10.56297/BKAM1691/WIEO1749

Bozorgian, H., & Yazdani, A. (2021). Direct written corrective feedback with metalinguistic explanation: Investigating language analytic ability. Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research, 9 (1), 65–85. https://doi.org/10.30466/IJLTR.2021.120976

Butterfuss, R., Roscoe, R. D., Allen, L. K., McCarthy, K. S., & McNamara, D. S. (2022). Strategy uptake in writing Pal: Adaptive feedback and instruction. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 60 (3), 696–721. https://doi.org/10.1177/07356331211045304

Chan, C. K. Y., & Hu, W. (2023). Students’ voices on generative AI: Perceptions, benefits, and challenges in higher education. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 20 , 43. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41239-023-00411-8

Chang, T. S., Li, Y., Huang, H. W., & Whitfield, B. (2021). Exploring EFL students’ writing performance and their acceptance of AI-based automated writing feedback. In 2021 2nd International conference on education development and studies (pp. 31–35). https://doi.org/10.1145/3459043.3459065

Creswell, J. W., & Plano Clark, V. L. (2017). Designing and conducting mixed methods research (3rd ed.). Sage Publications.

Google Scholar  

Dai, W., Lin, J., Jin, F., Li, T., Tsai, Y., Gasevic, D., & Chen, G. (2023). Can large language models provide feedback to students? A case study on ChatGPT. https://doi.org/10.35542/osf.io/hcgzj

Fathi, J., & Khodabakhsh, M. R. (2019). The role of self-assessment and peer-assessment in improving writing performance of Iranian EFL students. International Journal of English Language and Translation Studies, 7 (3), 1–10.

Fitria, T. N. (2023). Artificial intelligence (AI) technology in OpenAI ChatGPT application: A review of ChatGPT in writing English essay. ELT Forum: Journal of English Language Teaching, 12 (1), 44–58. https://doi.org/10.15294/elt.v12i1.64069

Fitriana, K., & Nurazni, L. (2022). Exploring English department students’ perceptions on using Grammarly to check the grammar in their writing. Journal of English Teaching, 8 (1), 15–25. https://doi.org/10.33541/jet.v8i1.3044

Gao, C. A., Howard, F. M., Markov, N. S., Dyer, E. C., Ramesh, S., Luo, Y., & Pearson, A. T. (2022). Comparing scientific abstracts generated by ChatGPT to original abstracts using an artificial intelligence output detector, plagiarism detector, and blinded human reviewers. BioRxiv . https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.12.23.521610

Article   PubMed   PubMed Central   Google Scholar  

Gayed, J. M., Carlon, M. K. J., Oriola, A. M., & Cross, J. S. (2022). Exploring an AI-based writing assistant’s impact on English language learners. Computers and Education: Artificial Intelligence, 3 , 100055. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.caeai.2022.100055

Golzar, J., Momenzadeh, S. E., & Miri, M. A. (2022). Afghan English teachers’ and students’ perceptions of formative assessment: A comparative analysis. Cogent Education, 9 (1), 2107297. https://doi.org/10.1080/2331186X.2022.2107297

Gopalan, M., Rosinger, K., & Ahn, J. B. (2020). Use of quasi-experimental research designs in education research: Growth, promise, and challenges. Review of Research in Education, 44 (1), 218–243. https://doi.org/10.3102/0091732X20903302

Guo, K., Wang, J., & Chu, S. K. W. (2022). Using chatbots to scaffold EFL students’ argumentative writing. Assessing Writing, 54 , 100666. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asw.2022.100666

Haristiani, N. (2019). Artificial Intelligence (AI) chatbot as language learning medium: An inquiry. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1387 (1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1387/1/012020

Huisman, B., Saab, N., van den Broek, P., & van Driel, J. (2019). The impact of formative peer feedback on higher education students’ academic writing: A meta-analysis. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 44 (6), 863–880. https://doi.org/10.1080/02602938.2018.1545896

Imran, M., & Almusharraf, N. (2023). Analyzing the role of ChatGPT as a writing assistant at higher education level: A systematic review of the literature. Contemporary Educational Technology, 15 (4), ep464. https://doi.org/10.30935/cedtech/13605

Kohnke, L., Moorhouse, B. L., & Zou, D. (2023). ChatGPT for language learning and teaching. RELC Journal . https://doi.org/10.1177/003368822311628

Koltovskaia, S. (2020). Student engagement with automated written corrective feedback (AWCF) provided by Grammarly: A multiple case study. Assessing Writing, 44 , 100450. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asw.2020.100450

Lam, R. (2018). Feedback in writing portfolio assessment. In R. Lam (Ed.), Portfolio assessment for the teaching and learning of writing (pp. 59–72). Springer.

Lingard, L. (2023). Writing with ChatGPT: An illustration of its capacity, limitations & implications for academic writers. Perspectives on Medical Education, 12 (1), 261–270. https://doi.org/10.5334/pme.1072

Loewen, S., & Plonsky, L. (2017). An A-Z of applied linguistics research methods . Bloomsbury Publishing.

Mahapatra, S. K. (2021). Online formative assessment and feedback practices of ESL teachers in India, Bangladesh and Nepal: A multiple case study. Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 30 (6), 519–530. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40299-021-00603-8

Marzuki, S., Widiati, U., Rusdin, D., Darwin, R., & Indrawati, I. (2023). The impact of AI writing tools on the content and organization of students’ writing: EFL teachers’ perspective. Cogent Education, 10 (2), 2236469. https://doi.org/10.1080/2331186X.2023.2236469

Mathur, M., & Mahapatra, S. (2022). Impact of ePortfolio assessment as an instructional strategy on students’ academic speaking skills: An experimental study. CALL-EJ, 23 (3), 1–23.

Mizumoto, A., & Eguchi, M. (2023). Exploring the potential of using an AI language model for automated essay scoring. Research Methods in Applied Linguistics . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmal.2023.100050

Ohio University. (2023). ChatGPT and teaching and learning . https://www.ohio.edu/center-teaching-learning/resources/chatgpt

Olsen, T., & Hunnes, J. (2023). Improving students’ learning—The role of formative feedback: Experiences from a crash course for business students in academic writing. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education . https://doi.org/10.1080/02602938.2023.2187744

OpenAI. (2022). ChatGPT: Optimizing language models for dialogue. OpenAI . https://openai.com/blog/chatgpt/

Perry, F. L., Jr. (2011). Research in applied linguistics: Becoming a discerning consumer . Routledge.

Book   Google Scholar  

Rad, H. S., Alipour, R., & Jafarpour, A. (2023). Using artificial intelligence to foster students’ writing feedback literacy, engagement, and outcome: A case of Wordtune application. Interactive Learning Environments . https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2023.2208170

Rezai, A., Naserpour, A., & Rahimi, S. (2022). Online peer-dynamic assessment: an approach to boosting Iranian high school students’ writing skills: A mixed-methods study. Interactive Learning Environments . https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2022.2086575

Rodríguez, M. F., Nussbaum, M., Yunis, L., Reyes, T., Alvares, D., Joublan, J., & Navarrete, P. (2022). Using scaffolded feedforward and peer feedback to improve problem-based learning in large classes. Computers & Education, 182 , 104446. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2022.104446

Rose, H., McKinley, J., & Baffoe-Djan, J. B. (2020). Data collection research methods in applied linguistics . Bloomsbury Academic.

Rudolph, J., Tan, S., & Tan, S. (2023). ChatGPT: Bullshit spewer or the end of traditional assessments in higher education? Journal of Applied Learning & Teaching, 6 (1), 342–363. https://doi.org/10.37074/jalt.2023.6.1.9

Stokel-Walker, C. (2022). AI bot ChatGPT writes smart essays—Should professors worry? Nature . https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-022-04397-7

Article   PubMed   Google Scholar  

Su, Y., Lin, Y., & Lai, C. (2023). Collaborating with ChatGPT in argumentative writing classrooms. Assessing Writing, 57 , 100752. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asw.2023.100752

Tai, A. M. Y., Meyer, M., Varidel, M., Prodan, A., Vogel, M., Iorfino, F., & Krausz, R. M. (2023). Exploring the potential and limitations of ChatGPT for academic peer-reviewed writing: Addressing linguistic injustice and ethical concerns. Journal of Academic Language and Learning, 17 (1), T16–T30.

Taskiran, A., & Goksel, N. (2022). Automated feedback and teacher feedback: Writing achievement in learning English as a foreign language at a distance. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 23 (2), 120–139. https://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.1096260

Thi, N. K., & Nikolov, M. (2022). How teacher and Grammarly feedback complement one another in Myanmar EFL students’ writing. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 31 (6), 767–779. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40299-021-00625-2

Tracy, S. J. (2019). Qualitative research methods: Collecting evidence, crafting analysis, communicating impact . Wiley.

Wang, M., & Guo, W. (2023). The potential impact of ChatGPT on education: Using history as a rearview mirror. ECNU Review Education . https://doi.org/10.1177/20965311231189826

Winstone, N., & Carless, D. (2020). Designing effective feedback processes in higher education . Routledge.

Yamashita, T. (2021). Corrective feedback in computer-mediated collaborative writing and revision contributions. Language Learning & Technology, 25 (2), 75–93.

Yan, D. (2023). Impact of ChatGPT on learners in a L2 writing practicum: An exploratory investigation. Educational Information Technology . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-023-11742-4

Zhang, F., Schunn, C., Chen, S., Li, W., & Li, R. (2023). EFL student engagement with giving peer feedback in academic writing: A longitudinal study. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 64 , 101255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeap.2023.101255

Zhao, X. (2022). Leveraging artificial intelligence (AI) technology for English writing: Introducing wordtune as a digital writing assistant for EFL writers. RELC Journal . https://doi.org/10.1177/00336882221094089

Zhu, M., Liu, O. L., & Lee, H. S. (2020). The effect of automated feedback on revision behavior and learning gains in formative assessment of scientific argument writing. Computers & Education, 143 , 103668. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2019.103668

Download references

Acknowledgements

I acknowledge and thank Prof. Punna Rao, my colleague, for his suggestions concerning the paper's quantitative analysis.

No external funding was used to conduct the study.

Author information

Authors and affiliations.

K 127, BITS Pilani Hyderabad Campus, Hyderabad, 500078, India

Santosh Mahapatra

You can also search for this author in PubMed   Google Scholar

Contributions

The author has planned, designed, and conducted the study and written the paper.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Santosh Mahapatra .

Ethics declarations

Ethics approval and consent to participate.

Written consent was obtained from all the participants who participated in the study. Their participation was voluntary, and they had the option to leave the study at any point. The institution where they studied did not require to give any ethical committee permission for the study as the students were adults and had the freedom to choose their participation.

Consent for publication

Not applicable.

Competing interests

I do not have any financial or non-financial competing interests.

Additional information

Publisher's note.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Process writing tasks

Write a paragraph in 150 words describing the procedure for conducting an experiment using two spring balances to verify Newton’s third law of motion.

Write a paragraph in 150 words describing the procedure for conducting an experiment in the laboratory to study Archimedes’ principle.

Write a paragraph in 150 words describing the procedure for plotting a cooling curve that indicates the relationship between a hot object and the time taken by it to cool down.

Comparison writing tasks

Write a paragraph in 150 words comparing the features of iOS and android operating system.

Write a paragraph in 150 words comparing the properties of metals and non-metals.

Write a paragraph in 150 words comparing renewable and non-renewable resources.

Cause-effect writing tasks

Write a paragraph in 150 words describing the impact of regular exercise on our mental health.

Write a paragraph in 150 words describing the impact of climate change on the environment.

Write a paragraph in 150 words describing the impact of technology addiction on mental health.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ .

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article.

Mahapatra, S. Impact of ChatGPT on ESL students’ academic writing skills: a mixed methods intervention study. Smart Learn. Environ. 11 , 9 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40561-024-00295-9

Download citation

Received : 03 October 2023

Accepted : 07 February 2024

Published : 13 February 2024

DOI : https://doi.org/10.1186/s40561-024-00295-9

Share this article

Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:

Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article.

Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative

  • Writing skills
  • Intervention

writing thesis with chatgpt

writing thesis with chatgpt

Analytics Insight

Best ChatGPT Plugins for Research Thesis in 2024

Avatar photo

Revolutionizing Thesis Writing: Unveiling the Best ChatGPT Plugins for Academic Research in 2024

In the ever-evolving landscape of academia, researchers are constantly seeking innovative tools to streamline their processes and elevate the quality of their work. ChatGPT , developed by OpenAI, has emerged as a powerful language model that researchers are increasingly leveraging for its natural language understanding and generation capabilities. To further enhance its utility for research theses, a suite of plugins has been introduced, each catering to specific needs and challenges encountered during the thesis writing process in 2024.

The Growing Significance of ChatGPT in Research

ChatGPT has gained significant traction in the research community owing to its ability to comprehend and generate human-like text. Researchers from diverse fields, spanning computer science to social sciences, have recognized the potential of ChatGPT as an intelligent assistant capable of generating ideas and refining concepts. As the demand for intelligent language models in research surges, the development of plugins becomes crucial to tailor ChatGPT to meet the unique requirements of researchers.

1. Thesis Structuring Assistant Plugin

Structuring a thesis is a meticulous process that demands careful organization. The Thesis Structuring Assistant Plugin for ChatGPT serves as an automated assistant, aiding researchers in creating well-organized and coherent documents. Understanding the specific formatting requirements of academic institutions, this plugin ensures that the thesis adheres to the necessary guidelines.

2. Literature Review Optimizer Plugin

The literature review is a cornerstone of any research thesis, requiring an exhaustive examination of existing scholarly works. The Literature Review Optimizer Plugin expedites this process by scanning extensive databases, summarizing key points, and even suggesting relevant references based on the research topic. Researchers can save valuable time and focus on analysis and synthesis rather than spending hours on literature review compilation.

3. Statistical Analysis Companion Plugin

For theses involving data analysis, the Statistical Analysis Companion Plugin proves indispensable. This plugin seamlessly integrates ChatGPT with statistical software, assisting in formulating research questions, choosing appropriate statistical tests, and interpreting results. Researchers can engage in natural language dialogues to refine their statistical methodologies, making complex analyses more accessible.

4. Multi-Language Translation Support Plugin

In an era of global collaboration, researchers often encounter literature in multiple languages. The Multi-Language Translation Support Plugin enhances ChatGPT’s language capabilities, facilitating seamless translation of text snippets or entire paragraphs. This feature is particularly beneficial for researchers accessing literature in languages other than their primary one.

5. Ethical Considerations Advisor Plugin

Addressing ethical considerations is a critical component of any research thesis. The Ethical Considerations Advisor Plugin assists researchers in navigating ethical challenges related to their work. Providing insights, suggesting potential ethical frameworks, and helping articulate ethical considerations within the thesis, this plugin ensures that research is conducted with the utmost integrity.

Integration and Compatibility

These plugins are designed for seamless integration with ChatGPT, ensuring a user-friendly and efficient experience for researchers. The setup process is straightforward, requiring minimal configuration. Researchers can access these plugins through dedicated interfaces or incorporate them into their preferred research platforms, enhancing flexibility.

Future Developments and Community Contributions

As the demand for ChatGPT in research continues to escalate, the development of new plugins and enhancements to existing ones is expected. Many of these plugins are open-source, encouraging community contributions and fostering collaboration among researchers and developers. Future developments may include domain-specific plugins, expanded language support, and advanced features based on user feedback.

Ethical Considerations in Plugin Usage

While these plugins offer valuable support, ethical considerations remain paramount. Researchers should approach their usage with caution, critically evaluating suggestions provided by ChatGPT and its plugins. Adhering to ethical oversight and upholding research integrity principles is crucial throughout the research process.

The integration of ChatGPT with these specialized plugins marks a significant leap forward in AI-assisted research . Tailored to address specific needs in thesis structuring, literature review, statistical analysis, language translation, and ethical considerations, these plugins empower researchers to streamline their processes and elevate the quality of their work. As technology evolves, the synergy between AI models like ChatGPT and specialized plugins holds the promise of reshaping the academic research landscape, providing researchers with unprecedented support and efficiency in their endeavors. The future of thesis writing is undoubtedly being shaped by the intelligent collaboration between researchers and advanced language models.

Whatsapp Icon

Disclaimer: Any financial and crypto market information given on Analytics Insight are sponsored articles, written for informational purpose only and is not an investment advice. The readers are further advised that Crypto products and NFTs are unregulated and can be highly risky. There may be no regulatory recourse for any loss from such transactions. Conduct your own research by contacting financial experts before making any investment decisions. The decision to read hereinafter is purely a matter of choice and shall be construed as an express undertaking/guarantee in favour of Analytics Insight of being absolved from any/ all potential legal action, or enforceable claims. We do not represent nor own any cryptocurrency, any complaints, abuse or concerns with regards to the information provided shall be immediately informed here .

You May Also Like

Python IDEs

Top 5 Python IDEs to Enhance Your Capabilities in 2022

Network analytics

Why is Network Analytics Important in the New Economy?

ChatGPT is impacting Cybersecurity

10 Ways ChatGPT is Impacting Cybersecurity

Big Eyes Coin Offers 300% Bonus in Final Push

The Three Most Exciting Meme Coin Projects to Buy in 2023 Q2: Dogecoin, Love Hate Inu, and Big Eyes Coin

writing thesis with chatgpt

Analytics Insight® is an influential platform dedicated to insights, trends, and opinion from the world of data-driven technologies. It monitors developments, recognition, and achievements made by Artificial Intelligence, Big Data and Analytics companies across the globe.

linkedin

  • Select Language:
  • Privacy Policy
  • Content Licensing
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Submit an Interview

Special Editions

  • Dec – Crypto Weekly Vol-1
  • 40 Under 40 Innovators
  • Women In Technology
  • Market Reports
  • AI Glossary
  • Infographics

Latest Issue

Magazine Issue January 2024

Disclaimer: Any financial and crypto market information given on Analytics Insight is written for informational purpose only and is not an investment advice. Conduct your own research by contacting financial experts before making any investment decisions, more information here .

Second Menu

Also, note that the cryptocurrencies mentioned/listed on the website could potentially be scams. i.e designed to induce you to invest financial resources that may be lost forever and not be recoverable once investments are made. you are resposible for conducting your ownresearch (DYOR) before making any investment.

Have a language expert improve your writing

Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes, generate your apa citations for free.

  • Knowledge Base
  • Using AI tools
  • How to Write an Introduction Using ChatGPT | Tips & Examples

How to Write an Introduction Using ChatGPT | Tips & Examples

Published on July 17, 2023 by Koen Driessen . Revised on September 11, 2023.

A good introduction is essential to any essay or dissertation. It sets up your argument and clearly indicates the scope and content of your writing.

Your introduction should be an authentic representation of your own ideas and research. However, AI tools like ChatGPT can be effectively used during the writing process to:

  • Develop an introduction outline
  • Summarize text
  • Paraphrase text
  • Provide feedback

Instantly correct all language mistakes in your text

Upload your document to correct all your mistakes in minutes

upload-your-document-ai-proofreader

Table of contents

Developing an introduction outline, summarizing your arguments, paraphrasing text, generating feedback, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions.

While the introduction naturally comes at the beginning of your paper, it’s often one of the last parts you write. Writing your introduction last allows you to clearly indicate the most important aspects of your research to your reader in a logical order.

You can use ChatGPT to brainstorm potential outlines for your introduction. To do this, include a brief overview of all relevant aspects of your paper, including your research question , methodology , central arguments, and essay type (e.g., argumentative , expository ). For a longer essay or dissertation , you might also mention section or chapter titles.

Rearrange or edit the output so that it accurately reflects the body of your essay .

Example: Using ChatGPT to develop an outline

  • Develop an outline for an essay introduction. The essay is a 2,000 word argumentative essay on the impact of children’s cartoons on consumer behavior. The research uses both qualitative and quantitative data.
  • Start with a thought-provoking statement, anecdote, or statistic related to the influence of children’s cartoons on consumer behavior.
  • Introduce the topic of children’s cartoons and their popularity among young audiences.
  • Highlight the prevalence of media consumption among children and the significant role that cartoons play in their lives.
  • Discuss the growing influence of marketing and advertising targeted at children.
  • Clearly state your main argument about the impact of children’s cartoons on consumer behavior.
  • Example: “This essay argues that children’s cartoons have a substantial influence on consumer behavior, shaping children’s preferences, purchase decisions, and brand loyalty. This assertion is supported by a combination of qualitative and quantitative data.”
  • Briefly describe the research conducted and the use of both qualitative and quantitative data.
  • Explain the purpose of the research in examining the relationship between children’s cartoons and consumer behavior.
  • Mention the sample size, research methods employed, and the sources of data (e.g., surveys, interviews, content analysis).
  • Discuss the significance of understanding the impact of children’s cartoons on consumer behavior.
  • Highlight the potential implications for marketers, parents, and society as a whole.
  • Emphasize the need for critical examination of the messages conveyed through children’s cartoons.
  • Provide a brief overview of the main points or sections that will be covered in the essay.
  • Examination of the persuasive techniques employed in children’s cartoons.
  • Analysis of qualitative data to understand the effects of cartoons on children’s preferences and behaviors.
  • Presentation of quantitative data on the relationship between exposure to cartoons and consumer behavior.
  • Discussion of the ethical considerations surrounding marketing to children.
  • Conclusion on the overall impact of children’s cartoons on consumer behavior.
  • Summarize how the upcoming sections will provide evidence and analysis to support your argument.
  • Example: “Through a combination of qualitative and quantitative data, this essay will delve into the persuasive techniques used in children’s cartoons, examine the effects of cartoons on children’s preferences and behaviors, present quantitative evidence of the relationship between exposure to cartoons and consumer behavior, discuss the ethical concerns, and ultimately draw conclusions about the influence of children’s cartoons on consumer behavior.”

The only proofreading tool specialized in correcting academic writing - try for free!

The academic proofreading tool has been trained on 1000s of academic texts and by native English editors. Making it the most accurate and reliable proofreading tool for students.

writing thesis with chatgpt

Try for free

At the end of your introduction, you may give a brief overview of specific sections of your paper.

You can use ChatGPT to summarize text and condense your writing to its most important ideas. To do this, copy and paste sections of your essay into ChatGPT and prompt it to summarize the text.

However, we don’t recommend passing off AI-generated outputs as your own work. This is considered academically dishonest and may be detected using AI detectors . Instead, use ChatGPT outputs as a source of inspiration to help you clearly indicate your key objectives and findings in your own words.

Alternatively, you can use a specialized tool like Scribbr’s free text summarizer , which offers a smoother user experience.

Example: Using ChatGPT to summarize text

  • Provide a one-line summary of the following paragraph: “Exposure to cartoons exerts a discernible impact on a child’s preferences, primarily through the establishment of robust associations between animated characters, branded products, and positive emotional experiences. Through repeated exposure, children develop an attachment to specific brands that influences their future buying choices. Furthermore, recent studies have established a correlation between the amount of time spent watching cartoons and children’s consumer behavior, including their demands for advertised products and their influence on family purchasing decisions.”
  • Repeated exposure to cartoons influences children’s preferences, brand attachments, consumer behavior, and purchasing decisions.

When writing your introduction, you may have difficulty finding fresh ways to describe the content of your essay. You can use ChatGPT as a paraphrasing tool to rephrase text in clear language. This can help you to communicate your ideas more effectively, avoid repetition, and maintain a consistent tone.

You can also use Scribbr’s free paraphrasing tool , which is designed specifically for this purpose.

Example: Using ChatGPT to paraphrase text

  • Paraphrase the following sentence: “This raises ethical concerns regarding the potential exploitation of young minds for commercial gain, highlighting the need for responsible content creation and parental guidance to mitigate the impact of children’s cartoons on consumer behavior.”
  • The potential exploitation of young minds for commercial gain gives rise to ethical concerns, emphasizing the importance of responsible content creation and parental guidance to reduce the influence of children’s cartoons on consumer behavior.

Once you’ve finished writing your introduction, you can use ChatGPT to generate feedback. Paste your introduction into the tool and prompt it to provide feedback on specific aspects of your writing, such as tone, clarity, or structure.

You can also use ChatGPT to check grammar and punctuation mistakes. However, it’s not specifically designed for this purpose and may fail to detect some errors. We recommend using a more specialized tool like Scribbr’s free grammar checker . Or, for more comprehensive feedback, try Scribbr’s proofreading and editing service .

Example: Using ChatGPT to get feedback

  • Provide feedback on the above text with regard to tone of voice and clarity of structure.

Furthermore, the last paragraph could be revised to provide a more concise summary of the main points that will be addressed in the essay. This would help to give the reader a clearer roadmap of what to expect in the subsequent sections.

If you want to know more about ChatGPT, AI tools , fallacies , and research bias , make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples.

  • ChatGPT vs human editor
  • ChatGPT citations
  • Is ChatGPT trustworthy?
  • Using ChatGPT for your studies
  • Sunk cost fallacy
  • Straw man fallacy
  • Slippery slope fallacy
  • Red herring fallacy
  • Ecological fallacy
  • Logical fallacy

Research bias

  • Implicit bias
  • Framing bias
  • Cognitive bias
  • Optimism bias
  • Hawthorne effect
  • Unconscious bias

No, it’s not a good idea to do so in general—first, because it’s normally considered plagiarism or academic dishonesty to represent someone else’s work as your own (even if that “someone” is an AI language model). Even if you cite ChatGPT , you’ll still be penalized unless this is specifically allowed by your university . Institutions may use AI detectors to enforce these rules.

Second, ChatGPT can recombine existing texts, but it cannot really generate new knowledge. And it lacks specialist knowledge of academic topics. Therefore, it is not possible to obtain original research results, and the text produced may contain factual errors.

However, you can usually still use ChatGPT for assignments in other ways, as a source of inspiration and feedback.

Yes, you can use ChatGPT to summarize text . This can help you understand complex information more easily, summarize the central argument of your own paper, or clarify your research question.

You can also use Scribbr’s free text summarizer , which is designed specifically for this purpose.

Yes, you can use ChatGPT to paraphrase text to help you express your ideas more clearly, explore different ways of phrasing your arguments, and avoid repetition.

However, it’s not specifically designed for this purpose. We recommend using a specialized tool like Scribbr’s free paraphrasing tool , which will provide a smoother user experience.

Cite this Scribbr article

If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the “Cite this Scribbr article” button to automatically add the citation to our free Citation Generator.

Driessen, K. (2023, September 11). How to Write an Introduction Using ChatGPT | Tips & Examples. Scribbr. Retrieved February 19, 2024, from https://www.scribbr.com/ai-tools/chatgpt-essay-introduction/

Is this article helpful?

Koen Driessen

Koen Driessen

Other students also liked, using chatgpt for assignments | tips & examples, what can chatgpt do | suggestions & examples, how to write good chatgpt prompts.

Koen Driessen

Koen Driessen (Scribbr Team)

Thanks for reading! Hope you found this article helpful. If anything is still unclear, or if you didn’t find what you were looking for here, leave a comment and we’ll see if we can help.

Still have questions?

IMAGES

  1. How to use Chat GPT to write an essay or article

    writing thesis with chatgpt

  2. Can I use ChatGPT for writing my thesis?

    writing thesis with chatgpt

  3. Research paper writing using Chat GPT open AI

    writing thesis with chatgpt

  4. How to Generate Research Dissertation Using ChatGPT

    writing thesis with chatgpt

  5. Writing an Essay with ChatGPT

    writing thesis with chatgpt

  6. Dissecting ChatGPT

    writing thesis with chatgpt

VIDEO

  1. 💯How I did write A+ Thesis 📚

  2. Using ChatGPT + Software Combo Ai for Thesis Writing

  3. Why it's essential to know yourself as a thesis writer

  4. How to Write Research Paper / Thesis Using Chat GPT 4 / AI (Artificial Intelligence)

  5. ChatGPT for Thesis Writing

  6. Write Research Papers With ChatGPT (Ethically!)

COMMENTS

  1. How To Write a Thesis With ChatGPT (27 Essential Prompts)

    How To Write a Thesis With ChatGPT Writing a thesis is a long process with a lot of different steps. I've created prompts and strategies for each phase of the thesis process — click on any step in the list below to jump directly to that section. Selecting a Topic Literature Review Research Proposal Research Design Data Collection Data Analysis

  2. How can I use ChatGPT for my term paper or bachelor thesis?

    You can use ChatGPT to assist in the writing process for your research paper, thesis, or dissertation in the following ways: Developing a research question Creating an outline Generating literature ideas Paraphrasing text Getting feedback Frequently asked questions: AI tools How does generative AI work? Who owns the copyright of ChatGPT outputs?

  3. 87+ ChatGPT Prompts for Thesis Writing

    87+ ChatGPT Prompts for Thesis Writing In the evolving landscape of artificial intelligence (AI), one transformative tool stands out for its potential in the realm of academic writing: ChatGPT, a language model developed by OpenAI. This AI assistant is becoming a valuable tool for many, particularly for those engaged in thesis writing.

  4. Step-by-step Guide to Using ChatGPT to Write a Report, Thesis and

    Guidance: ChatGPT guides you throughout your thesis writing by providing references, and research material, summarising long research essays, and highlighting important points. Writing Guidance: The artificial intelligence model can advise and guide your style, tone, grammar, and more.

  5. How to Write a Paper with ChatGPT

    You can use ChatGPT to help formulate research questions, brainstorm potential thesis statements, or narrow down a broad subject area to a specific topic that interests you. However, make sure that the outputs make sense and meet the requirements of your assignment.

  6. How to Write an Essay with ChatGPT

    You can use ChatGPT to brainstorm potential research questions or to narrow down your thesis statement. Begin by inputting a description of the research topic or assigned question. Then include a prompt like "Write 3 possible research questions on this topic." You can make the prompt as specific as you like.

  7. ChatGPT prompts to write a PhD Thesis

    ChatGPT can be a helpful way to get started on your thesis, but it is important to do your own research and writing to ensure that your thesis is accurate and complete. Be careful about the prompts that you give to ChatGPT.

  8. (PDF) Chapter 2: ChatGPT in Academic Writing and Publishing: A

    ChatGPT has many applications and uses in academic and scientific writing and publishing such as hypothesis generation, literature review, safety recommendations, troubleshooting, tips,...

  9. ChatGPT for Research and Publication: A Step-by-Step Guide

    This commentary provides a concise step-by-step guide on using ChatGPT, an advanced natural language processing (NLP) model, for research and publication purposes. The guide assesses crucial aspects, including data preprocessing, fine-tuning techniques, prompt engineering, and ethical considerations. By addressing challenges related to biases, interpretability, and plagiarism, this commentary ...

  10. So, Why Can't ChatGPT Just Write My Thesis For Me?

    Therefore, you should consider ChatGPT a helpful tool rather than a replacement for academic work. So yes, ChatGPT can absolutely help write your thesis, but can't own it up like you can! While it can miraculously write a full-length essay with you just commanding it with a single-line prompt, ChatGPT isn't quite there when it comes to ...

  11. How ChatGPT can be used to Write a PhD Thesis

    Medhat Zohery. Assiut University. ChatGPT can be used to write a PhD thesis by leveraging its advanced language generation capabilities to produce high-quality, well-structured text. The first ...

  12. ChatGPT in academic writing: Maximizing its benefits and min

    ided a list of potential uses of ChatGPT by a novice researcher for getting help during research proposal preparation and manuscript writing. However, there are concerns regarding its reliability and potential risks associated with its use. The review highlights the importance of maintaining human judgment in the writing process and using ChatGPT as a complementary tool rather than a ...

  13. Here's What Happens When ChatGPT Writes a Scientific Article

    For one group, she asked the students to write review articles on the topics; for another, she instructed ChatGPT to write articles on the same topics; and for the last group, she gave each of the ...

  14. Should I Use ChatGPT to Write My Essays?

    You go to ChatGPT and ask it to write a five-paragraph academic essay on the topic you've been assigned. You wait a few seconds and it generates the essay for you! But ChatGPT is still in its early stages of development, and that essay is likely not as accurate or well-written as you'd expect it to be.

  15. Optimizing Thesis Writing with ChatGPT Prompts

    ChatGPT prompts can guide students in outlining their thesis by offering suggestions for the introduction, literature review, methodology, findings, and conclusion. Students can input specific...

  16. (PDF) ChatGPT in academic writing: Maximizing its benefits and

    With the increasing popularity of AI-powered language models, ChatGPT has emerged as a potential tool for assisting writers in the research and writing process. We have provided a list of...

  17. Can you write a Master's Thesis with ChatGPT?

    The two methodology sections contradicted themselves, and there wasn't a possibility of reconciliation unless I proceeded to prompt ChatGPT with the specific information that it actually needed, which I decided not to because the rewarded yielded by that effort would actually be better spent writing the thesis if I actually had a clear idea of how to do so.

  18. How To Write Thesis Using ChatGPT

    ChatGPT can assist you in various stages of the thesis writing process, providing guidance, brainstorming ideas, offering suggestions, and helping you refine your arguments. In this guide, we...

  19. Using ChatGPT for Assignments

    These tools can assist you with the following steps when writing a paper, thesis, or dissertation: Developing a research question Creating an outline Generating literature ideas Paraphrasing and summarizing text Getting feedback Note Universities and other institutions are still developing their stances on how ChatGPT and similar tools may be used.

  20. ChatGPT Prompts for Academic Writing

    ChatGPT Prompts for Academic Writing. In this repository, this list of writing prompts covers a range of topics and tasks, including brainstorming research ideas, improving language and style, conducting literature reviews, and developing research plans. Whether you're a student, researcher, or academic professional, these prompts can help you ...

  21. 5 Must Try ChatGPT Plugins For Research Thesis

    To make it even more helpful for writing research papers, a set of plugins has been introduced. Each of these plugins addresses specific challenges researchers face when writing their papers in 2024. ... The Thesis Organisation Aid Plugin for ChatGPT acts as an automated assistant, helping researchers create well-structured and cohesive ...

  22. PDF What Is ChatGPT Doing … and Why Does It Work?

    And the remarkable thing is that when ChatGPT does something like write an essay what it's essentially doing is just asking over and over again "given the text so far, what should the next word be?"— and each time adding a word. (More precisely, as I'll explain, it's adding a "token", which could be just a part of a word, which ...

  23. Bachelor thesis written with chatgpt : r/OpenAI

    I had ChatGPT writing short essays, in both French and English. The structure was impeccable, but in about half the attempts, the AI was either contradicting itself or using fallacious arguments. ... It could be considered fraud since you yourself did not write the thing if you take the path of having chatgpt write 95% of your thesis. Reply reply

  24. A scoping review of ChatGPT's role in healthcare education and ...

    Objectives: To examine and consolidate literature regarding the advantages and disadvantages of utilizing ChatGPT in healthcare education and research. Design/methods: We searched seven electronic databases (PubMed/Medline, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global, and Web of Science) from November 2022 until September 2023.

  25. Impact of ChatGPT on ESL students' academic writing skills: a mixed

    This paper presents a study on the impact of ChatGPT as a formative feedback tool on the writing skills of undergraduate ESL students. Since artificial intelligence-driven automated writing evaluation tools positively impact students' writing, ChatGPT, a generative artificial intelligence-propelled tool, can be expected to have a more substantial positive impact.

  26. Best ChatGPT Plugins for Research Thesis in 2024

    Revolutionizing Thesis Writing: Unveiling the Best ChatGPT Plugins for Academic Research in 2024. In the ever-evolving landscape of academia, researchers are constantly seeking innovative tools to streamline their processes and elevate the quality of their work. ... The future of thesis writing is undoubtedly being shaped by the intelligent ...

  27. How to Write an Introduction Using ChatGPT

    Published on July 17, 2023 by Koen Driessen . Revised on September 11, 2023. A good introduction is essential to any essay or dissertation. It sets up your argument and clearly indicates the scope and content of your writing. Your introduction should be an authentic representation of your own ideas and research.