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How to Create an Effective Thesis Statement in 5 Easy Steps

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This text was generated using a large language model, and select text has been reviewed and moderated for purposes such as readability.


space tourism dissertation

space tourism dissertation

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Dissertation: Sustainable development in the New Space tourism industry

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Annette Toivonen, M.Soc.Sc., has conducted an internationally ground-breaking study of space tourism. The author presents alternative ways to include sustainable development in the commercial New Space tourism industry

At the turn of the millennium, a significant step forward was taken in the space tourism development. The New Space business evolved, and private space companies joined the traditional Old Space governmental led space activities. The pioneering companies, SpaceX, Blue Origin and Virgin Galactic, started their first space tourism flights in 2021. It is predicted that New Space tourism industry will evolve into a multi-billion-dollar business in the future.

While space tourism provides the postmodern tourist with new experiences, international climate reports paint a grim picture of the future and sustainable development is emphasised more than ever. More environmentally friendly industrial solutions are sought in the areas of energy and emissions, and the significance of societal responsibility and legislation is growing. Toivonen investigated this challenging situation to assess the chances of the New Space tourism industry to operate according to the principle of sustainable development.

Future scenarios for the New Space tourism industry

The growth of tourism also increases its adverse environmental effects. In fact, Toivonen stresses that the New Space tourism industry should from the start follow already established practices of sustainability in tourism industry. There are ways to enhance the sustainability of New Space tourism industry.

– I’d like to emphasise three of the most important ways to support sustainability: creating internationally binding space legislation, promoting aspects of global communal fairness and advancing the development of virtual and space technologies that as a side product also assist in the prevention of climate change on Earth, Toivonen notes.

Of these, technology with its various virtual worlds offers possibilities for the creation of alternative ways to experience mass space tourism – particularly as the physical space tourism experience is only available to the wealthiest of tourists.

Finland’s role in advancing sustainable space business

The development of small satellites and the progress of commercial space business made it possible for Finland to join the traditional space nations in 2017.

– Finland could include Northern Lights tourism also in its international New Space agenda. As a terrestrial space experience, it is already intertwined with sustainability and could be boosted with technological innovations, Toivonen adds.

One of the goals of Finnish space strategy is to create a competitive environment for future commercial space business by emphasising operating models that comply with sustainable development.

Information on the public examination

The academic dissertation “ The emergence of New Space: A grounded theory study of enhancing sustainability in space tourism from the view of Finland ” by Annette Toivonen, M.Soc.Sc., will be publicly examined in the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Lapland on Friday 22 April starting 9:00 in lecture hall 3 (Yliopistonkatu 8, LS3). The opponent is Associate Professor Ian Yeoman from Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, and the custos is Professor Outi Rantala from the University of Lapland.

You may follow the public examination online at https://connect.eoppimispalvelut.fi/vaitos

Coffee will be served in Restaurant Felli after the session.

Information on the doctoral candidate

Annette Toivonen works as a senior lecturer of tourism business at Haaga-Helia University of Applied Sciences. She is a renowned Finnish expert on sustainable space tourism and has written a book on the topic titled “Sustainable Space Tourism: An Introduction” (2020, UK). Toivonen is also a visiting chief editor of a special space tourism issue of the journal Integrated Environmental Assessment Management (USA).

Further information Annette Toivonen Phone: +358 456 349 519 annette.toivonen(at)haaga-helia.fi

Information on the publication

Annette Toivonen: The emergence of New Space: A grounded theory study of enhancing sustainability in space tourism from the view of Finland . Acta electronica Universitatis Lapponiensis 336. ISBN: ISBN 978-952-337-288-7, ISSN 1796-6310. University of Lapland, Rovaniemi 2022.

Permanent address of the publication: http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-337-311-2


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Arctic market days at arktikum, university of lapland renewed the green office certificate and calculated the carbon footprint, registration for the spring language and communication courses starts on friday, 1 december, dissertation: the reversibility of body movements helps to understand organisational relations, optimizing your know-how websites, the university of lapland to transition to electronic recognition of prior learning (erpl), electronic diploma as an official certificate for those graduating from november onwards, a special dossier about ethnic minorities in the north published in migration letters, nordic conference on law and information technology focuses on artificial intelligence, responsibility and regulation.


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Space Tourism: Eliminating Social, Economical, and Emotional Challenges Proposal

Introduction, background information of the space tourism predicament, thesis/problem statement, objectives of the study, significance of the study operations, the procedure of the study/research methodology, literature review.

Today there is a hot debate regarding the future of space tourism because resent research findings indicate that the phenomenon mostly involves the wealthy corporate or individuals like Dennis Tito: the Californian Multi-Millionaire. Space tourism especially hotel and catering services is one of the main goal of large developing space ship companies such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Scaled Composites, Blue Origin, and SpaceX.

The main detractor in this industry is the costs involved. Millionaires such as Dennis Tito, Mark Shuttleworth, Anousheh Ansari, Charles Simonyi and, Greg Olsen have spent approximately $20 million for a couple of days tour to space. In line with Laliaberte Guy (1, 2009), the seventh private client to take a space adventure in September 30, 2009 in a poetic special mission to create public awareness regarding the “ONE DROP” foundation, the costs are quite high and therefore the characterized with the rich.

Probably the future aspiration of the investors is to make space tourism available at affordable rates with the aim of capturing the middle class. Some year back, people anticipated the emergence of space tour, today the goals shifts to space tourism thus the high growth expectations and experiences.

The capability for space transportation has had very little advancement over the years to facilitate solutions to the big obstacle of space development. New programs and equipments are essential requirements to facilitate space development and access. The reasons why people suffer from high space tourism costs links to the availability of resources.

This means that companies launch space ships that are highly volatile and thus the disposals after only a few usages. Today, there is urgent need for an approach that will move to a more rational and affordable space visit program. The biggest challenge is the ability to come up with a more robust, highly reliable but frequently reusable space ship.

The basis of this paper is on the future expectations of space tourism; it is an analysis of patterns and available perspectives into the key themes of the proposed innovative developments concerning infrastructure, technological advancement, and reusability of resources.

What is the partnership between the government and private sector? Does existence of collaboration enhance capabilities to make the development affordable and available to more willing participants? Hypothetically, the proposal takes the assumption that the future for Space tourism is a program for the rich and one of its key contributors on development advances.

The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the consequences and key concepts involved in the development of space tourism and eventually offer suggestions from the research findings on ways of reducing or eliminating the social, economical and emotional challenges behind the tourism sector.

The proposal will lay out needs for researching the background as well as future expectations of space tourism. It will specify the impact to the society as well as those involved in the assessment over the importance of the future endeavours and possible policy recommendations.

The key topics to be covered in the research entails the focus over commercial architecture and the funding required for fostering implementation. The possibility to lower requirement for the developing space tourism and its drive towards lower transportation cost to avail the next generation of efficiency over operations.

What are the challenges faced by the International Space Station (ISS) with regards to cost overruns in facilitation of the key elements for starting the developmental phase? Which are the possible next-generation systems?

The literature reviews of the research will enable better understanding of the topic and the research proposal enhances and quantifies the research as a study topic and prepares for respondents. Information collected will equally tabulate and assist in ranking the findings form broad areas and help to narrow the scope to the objectives of the study analysis. The analysis will then draw the conclusion from generally analyzed data in the literature review.

The research findings will entail data collected through websites of the concern companies as well as marketing companies in the study area, observation of the proceedings over the specified data collection period. For the study analysis, the collected data and studies conducted will discern patterns and formulate principles that might guide future action of the study subject.

In this case, study of space tourism the research checks the background information, progress, surveillance and examination of current state of matter and the involvement with other related cases.

The analysis of records regarding internal as well as external consequences is equally important. Comparison of various space tourism vehicles manufactured today offers better understanding and analysis results. Correlation-prediction will involve statistically correlation and prediction of coefficients between aspiring and involved tourists. The term paper will therefore attempt to find or describe space tourism principles and explain existing status or competitions and propose future direction for the industry.

The main issues prohibiting the launce of more available and affordable space shuttle for potential clients entail costs and markets. Considering production, initiating the new reusable space vehicles would be expensive considering there are only a small number of reusable units.

Secondly, the current technologies are equally expensive. Would large SRB reusable boosters for commercial purposes be economically justifiable? Would the system lower the cost? Is there a compromise over technology? Other major problem includes ability to pay up developmental and production costs in the aim of making a profit. Can the current markets economically justify the cost of space vehicle?

It is easy to imagine the exotic and elegance of the outer space comfort and cruise experience but in these orbital technologies and lifestyles, what markets are better to engage? In line with the Space Tourism Society (1, n.d), the marketing strategies would require knowledge over the facilities to include in the space such as hotels, and the products and services to sustain in such an awkward environments.

According to Futon Corporation (2005), an industrial leader for forecasting the markets related to space tourism, people like travelling and having fun and thus will be willing for the same in spaceships. Currently, the race over space tourism is between commercial enterprises.

Upon the first commercial trip by Dennis Tito aboard a “Soyuz TM-32,” (Shayler, 1), in 2004 “British aviator-financier Richard Branson announced the launch of Virgin Galactic, a company which aimed at use of Spaceship One technology, with hopes of launching sub-orbital flights by 2008”. This race for space tourism was evident with the launch of the “Virgin Galactic’s space vehicles.”

This is a positive step since it has hybrid rocket motor power for enhancing reusability due to high amount of control it avails the pilots over landing. According to Virgin Galactic, for the size of such a space ship, it has the ability to perform by manoeuvring over great heights (Virgin Galactic, 1).

Today most governments fail to recognize the potential of space tourism investment as prospective “revenue generating tax base or a drive to greater market drive for next generation” (Whalen, 3).

However, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has greater initiative programs for generating reports over procedures to reduce risks and availing architectural requirements that meet the future generation space vehicles. The aim for space advancement has been a race between the Soviet Union and United States since 1957 when Soviet launched “Sputnik 1” (Siddiqi, 1).

Nations such as China are in a position of increasing competition over exploration of space tourism. Their funding may be excessively low in comparison to ESA and NASA but they have a success basis concerning “Shenzhou 5 and Shenzhou 6.”

The space tourism industry is similar to the past airline history. There are many potential passengers willing to venture the sector or participate and the governments should therefore consider this as an eminent opportunity to solve the current costly space access inconveniences.

If the corporation between the private sector and the government is able to drive admission charges to a lower level with the aim of encouraging rebirth of a new arena that encourages commerce and industry, then there will be a great utilization of the space opportunities for growth. The space tourism is an identified market niche that might catalyze utilization of infrastructure in space especially due to future discoveries.

Futron Corporation. “Space Tourism Market Study orbital space travel & destinations with suborbital space travel.” Wisconsin, Bethesda, Maryland, MD. 2002. Web.

Shayler, David J. “Soyuz: A Universal Spacecraft .” Rex Hall Associates Limited, London, 2003.

Siddiqi, Asif A. “Sputnik and the Soviet Space Challenge.” Florida, FL. University Press Publishers. 2003.

Space Tourism Society. “The Orbital Lifestyle.” A non-profit visionary space experience research and design organization. (n.d). Retrieved from < http://spacetourismsociety.org/ >.

Virgin Galactic. “Spaceships: Virgin Galactic’s Vehicles.” (n.d). Retrieved from < https://www.virgingalactic.com/ >.

Whalen, David J. “Communications Satellites: Making the Global Village Possible .”

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). 2007. Retrieved from < https://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/satcomhistory.html >.

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IvyPanda. (2022, June 20). Space Tourism: Eliminating Social, Economical, and Emotional Challenges. https://ivypanda.com/essays/proposal-for-a-research-paper-on-space-tourism/

"Space Tourism: Eliminating Social, Economical, and Emotional Challenges." IvyPanda , 20 June 2022, ivypanda.com/essays/proposal-for-a-research-paper-on-space-tourism/.

IvyPanda . (2022) 'Space Tourism: Eliminating Social, Economical, and Emotional Challenges'. 20 June.

IvyPanda . 2022. "Space Tourism: Eliminating Social, Economical, and Emotional Challenges." June 20, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/proposal-for-a-research-paper-on-space-tourism/.

1. IvyPanda . "Space Tourism: Eliminating Social, Economical, and Emotional Challenges." June 20, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/proposal-for-a-research-paper-on-space-tourism/.


IvyPanda . "Space Tourism: Eliminating Social, Economical, and Emotional Challenges." June 20, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/proposal-for-a-research-paper-on-space-tourism/.

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