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How to Create an Effective Thesis Statement in 5 Easy Steps

Creating a thesis statement can be a daunting task. It’s one of the most important sentences in your paper, and it needs to be done right. But don’t worry — with these five easy steps, you’ll be able to create an effective thesis statement in no time.

Step 1: Brainstorm Ideas

The first step is to brainstorm ideas for your paper. Think about what you want to say and write down any ideas that come to mind. This will help you narrow down your focus and make it easier to create your thesis statement.

Step 2: Research Your Topic

Once you have some ideas, it’s time to do some research on your topic. Look for sources that support your ideas and provide evidence for the points you want to make. This will help you refine your argument and make it more convincing.

Step 3: Formulate Your Argument

Now that you have done some research, it’s time to formulate your argument. Take the points you want to make and put them into one or two sentences that clearly state what your paper is about. This will be the basis of your thesis statement.

Step 4: Refine Your Thesis Statement

Once you have formulated your argument, it’s time to refine your thesis statement. Make sure that it is clear, concise, and specific. It should also be arguable so that readers can disagree with it if they choose.

Step 5: Test Your Thesis Statement

The last step is to test your thesis statement. Does it accurately reflect the points you want to make? Is it clear and concise? Does it make an arguable point? If not, go back and refine it until it meets all of these criteria.

Creating an effective thesis statement doesn’t have to be a daunting task. With these five easy steps, you can create a strong thesis statement in no time at all.

This text was generated using a large language model, and select text has been reviewed and moderated for purposes such as readability.

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  • Accelerator Technique
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  • Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master of Fine Arts (One Year))
  • Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master of Fine Arts (Two Years))
  • Artistic works only
  • Exclude artistic work
  • External cooperation only
  • Exclude external cooperation
  • Center for the Advancement of Integrated Medical and Engineering Sciences, AIMES
  • Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA
  • KTH Center for Applied Precision Medicine (KCAP)
  • KTH Center for Applied Proteomics (KCAP)
  • SeRC - Swedish e-Science Research Centre
  • XPRES, Excellence in production research
  • Bibliometrics
  • Architectural Design
  • Architectural Technologies
  • Critical Studies in Architecture
  • History and Theory of Architecture
  • Lighting Design
  • Urban Design
  • Center for the Future of Places
  • Centre for Future Seafood (Blue food)
  • Centre for Traffic Research, CTR
  • Centre for Transport Studies, CTS
  • Road2Science
  • Sustainable Finance Lab
  • The Water Centre at KTH
  • Building Technology and Design
  • Civil and Architectural Engineering Laboratory
  • Environmental and Natural Resources Information System
  • Structural Engineering and Bridges
  • Transport planning
  • History of Science, Technology and Environment
  • Construction and Facilities Management
  • Real Estate Business and Financial Systems
  • Real Estate Economics and Finance
  • Surveying – Geodesy, Land Law and Real Estate Planning
  • Resources, Energy and Infrastructure
  • Strategic Sustainability Studies
  • Sustainability and Environmental Engineering
  • Sustainability Assessment and Management
  • Water and Environmental Engineering
  • Transport and Systems Analysis
  • Urban and Regional Studies
  • ACCESS Linnaeus Centre
  • Alfvén Laboratory Centre for Space and Fusion Plasma Physics
  • Center for Wireless Systems, Wireless@kth
  • Centre for Advanced Software Technology Research (CASTOR)
  • Centre for Autonomous Systems, CAS
  • Centre for Cyber Defence and Information Security CDIS
  • Centre for High Performance Computing, PDC
  • Electrum Laboratory, ELAB
  • Visualisation - Interaction - Collaboration, VIC
  • Mobile Service Laboratory (MS Lab)
  • Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab)
  • Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab)
  • Computational Science and Technology (CST)
  • Network and Systems Engineering
  • Network Systems Laboratory (NS Lab)
  • Theoretical Computer Science, TCS
  • Electric Power and Energy Systems
  • Electromagnetic Engineering and Fusion Science
  • Electronics and Embedded systems
  • Media Technology and Interaction Design, MID
  • Collaborative Autonomous Systems
  • Decision and Control Systems (Automatic Control)
  • Information Science and Engineering
  • Micro and Nanosystems
  • Robotics, Perception and Learning, RPL
  • Speech Communication and Technology
  • Biomedical and X-ray Physics
  • Laser Physics
  • Materials and Nanophysics
  • Nanostructure Physics
  • Quantum and Biophotonics
  • Center for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, CIAM
  • Center for Life Sciences Imaging at KTH-Karolinska, LSI
  • Centre for Nuclear Energy Technology, CEKERT
  • Centre of Vehicle Engineering Research, CVE
  • Faxén Laboratory
  • Forest Products Industry Research College, FPIRC
  • KTH Computational Science and Engineering Centre, KCSE
  • Linné Center in Advanced Optics and Photonics, ADOPT
  • Linné Flow Center, FLOW
  • Nuclear Energy Technology Centre, SKC
  • Resource Centre for Netbased Education, RCN
  • The KTH Railway Group
  • VinnExcellence Center BiMaC Innovation
  • VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design
  • Zhejiang-KTH Joint Research Center of Photonics, JORCEP
  • Fluid Physics
  • Komplexa fluider och flöden
  • Tillämpad strömningsmekanik
  • Turbulent simulations laboratory
  • Lättkonstruktioner, marina system, flyg- och rymdteknik, rörelsemekanik
  • Väg- och spårfordon samt konceptuell fordonsdesign
  • Mathematics (Div.)
  • Mathematics of Data and AI
  • Numerical Analysis, NA
  • Condensed Matter Theory
  • Nuclear Engineering
  • Nuclear Physics
  • Nuclear Power Safety
  • Particle and Astroparticle Physics
  • Physics of Medical Imaging
  • Basic Science
  • Environmental Physiology
  • Health Informatics and Logistics
  • Human Communication Science
  • Neuronic Engineering
  • Structural Biotechnology
  • Technology in Health Care
  • Centre for Advanced BioProduction by Continuous Processing, AdBIOPRO
  • Förgasningscentrum (SFC)
  • Swedish Aerospace Physiology Centre, SAPC
  • The Jonasson Centre for Medical Imaging
  • Wallenberg Center for Protein Research
  • Wallenberg Wood Science Center
  • Applied Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Technology
  • Process Technology
  • Resource recovery
  • Transport Phenomena
  • Applied Physical Chemistry
  • Glycoscience
  • Organic chemistry
  • Surface and Corrosion Science
  • Theoretical Chemistry and Biology
  • Engineering Pedagogics
  • Coating Technology
  • Fiberprocesser
  • Fibre Technology
  • Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology
  • Gene Technology
  • Affinity Proteomics
  • Cellular and Clinical Proteomics
  • Drug Discovery and Development
  • Nano Biotechnology
  • Protein Engineering
  • Protein Technology
  • Systems Biology
  • Brinell Centre - Inorganic Interfacial Engineering, BRIIE
  • Center for Energy Conversion Technologies, CETET
  • Center for Research on Business Innovation and Technology-based Entrepreneurship, CeBITE
  • Centre for Computational Thermodynamics, CCT
  • Centre for Materials Science and Engineering, Brinell
  • Centre for Military Technology
  • Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, CESIS
  • Centrum för miljövetenskap, CMV
  • Competence Center for Gas Exchange (CCGEx)
  • Design and Management of Manufacturing Systems, DMMS
  • Gas Turbine Center, GTC
  • Innovative Centre for Embedded Systems, ICES
  • Integrated Transport Research Lab, ITRL
  • KTH China Energy Center
  • KTH Climate Action Centre, CAC
  • KTH Energy Center, KTH-EC
  • Powertrain manufacturing for heavy vehicles application lab, PMH
  • Systems for Refrigeration and Heat Pumps, EFFSYS
  • VinnExcellence Centre for Hierarch. Eng. of Industrial Materials, HERO-M
  • Woxén Centre
  • Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration
  • Energy Systems
  • Heat and Power Technology
  • Integrated Product Development and Design
  • Mechatronics and Embedded Control Systems
  • System and Component Design
  • TECoSA Trustworthy Edge Computing Systems and Applications
  • Accounting, finance, economics and organization (AFEO)
  • Management & Technology
  • Sustainability, Industrial Dynamics & Entrepreneurship
  • Digital Learning
  • House of Science
  • Language and communication
  • Learning in Stem
  • Advanced Maintenance and Production Logistics
  • Industrial Production Systems
  • KTH Leancenter
  • Manufacturing and Metrology Systems
  • Process Management and Sustainable Industry
  • Genetics and Breeding in Agricultural Sciences
  • Plant Biotechnology
  • Agricultural Science
  • Fish and Aquacultural Science
  • Food Science
  • Forest Science
  • Horticulture
  • Landscape Architecture
  • Soil Science
  • Wood Science
  • Animal and Dairy Science
  • Agricultural Occupational Health and Safety
  • Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
  • Fish and Wildlife Management
  • Other Agricultural Sciences not elsewhere specified
  • Renewable Bioenergy Research
  • Clinical Science
  • Medical Bioscience
  • Other Veterinary Science
  • Pathobiology
  • Chemical Process Engineering
  • Corrosion Engineering
  • Other Chemical Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Chemistry
  • Polymer Technologies
  • Architectural Engineering
  • Building Technologies
  • Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Infrastructure Engineering
  • Other Civil Engineering
  • Transport Systems and Logistics
  • Water Engineering
  • Communication Systems
  • Control Engineering
  • Embedded Systems
  • Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
  • Telecommunications
  • Bioremediation
  • Diagnostic Biotechnology
  • Other Environmental Biotechnology
  • Water Treatment
  • Environmental Management
  • Geophysical Engineering
  • Marine Engineering
  • Mineral and Mine Engineering
  • Ocean and River Engineering
  • Other Environmental Engineering
  • Remote Sensing
  • Bio Materials
  • Biocatalysis and Enzyme Technology
  • Biochemicals
  • Bioengineering Equipment
  • Bioprocess Technology
  • Medical Biotechnology
  • Other Industrial Biotechnology
  • Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
  • Composite Science and Engineering
  • Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
  • Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
  • Other Materials Engineering
  • Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
  • Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Applied Mechanics
  • Energy Engineering
  • Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
  • Other Mechanical Engineering
  • Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
  • Reliability and Maintenance
  • Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
  • Medical Equipment Engineering
  • Medical Ergonomics
  • Medical Image Processing
  • Medical Laboratory and Measurements Technologies
  • Medical Materials
  • Other Medical Engineering
  • Nano Technology
  • Food Engineering
  • Interaction Technologies
  • Media Engineering
  • Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
  • Art History
  • Literary Composition
  • Performing Art Studies
  • Performing Arts
  • Studies on Film
  • Visual Arts
  • Archaeology
  • General Language Studies and Linguistics
  • General Literature Studies
  • Specific Languages
  • Specific Literatures
  • Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
  • Cultural Studies
  • Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
  • History of Ideas
  • History of Religions
  • Religious Studies
  • Cell and Molecular Biology
  • Immunology in the medical area
  • Medical Genetics
  • Medicinal Chemistry
  • Microbiology in the medical area
  • Neurosciences
  • Other Basic Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • Social and Clinical Pharmacy
  • Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
  • Cancer and Oncology
  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
  • Clinical Laboratory Medicine
  • Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
  • Gastroenterology and Hepatology
  • General Practice
  • Infectious Medicine
  • Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
  • Ophthalmology
  • Orthopaedics
  • Other Clinical Medicine
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
  • Respiratory Medicine and Allergy
  • Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
  • Urology and Nephrology
  • Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
  • Medical Ethics
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Occupational Health and Environmental Health
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Other Health Sciences
  • Physiotherapy
  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
  • Sport and Fitness Sciences
  • Substance Abuse
  • Biomaterials Science
  • Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology
  • Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
  • Other Medical Biotechnology
  • Forensic Science
  • Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
  • Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
  • Behavioral Sciences Biology
  • Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
  • Bioinformatics and Systems Biology
  • Biological Systematics
  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Microbiology
  • Other Biological Topics
  • Structural Biology
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Other Chemistry Topics
  • Polymer Chemistry
  • Theoretical Chemistry
  • Bioinformatics (Computational Biology)
  • Computer Engineering
  • Computer Sciences
  • Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)
  • Human Computer Interaction
  • Information Systems
  • Language Technology (Computational Linguistics)
  • Media and Communication Technology
  • Other Computer and Information Science
  • Climate Research
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Geochemistry
  • Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
  • Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
  • Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
  • Physical Geography
  • Algebra and Logic
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Mathematical Analysis
  • Other Mathematics
  • Probability Theory and Statistics
  • Other Natural Sciences
  • Accelerator Physics and Instrumentation
  • Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
  • Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
  • Other Physics Topics
  • Subatomic Physics
  • Business Administration
  • Economic History
  • Pedagogical Work
  • Law (excluding Law and Society)
  • Law and Society
  • Communication Studies
  • Human Aspects of ICT
  • Information Studies
  • Information Systems, Social aspects
  • Media Studies
  • Gender Studies
  • International Migration and Ethnic Relations
  • Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
  • Work Sciences
  • Globalisation Studies
  • Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
  • Public Administration Studies
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
  • Economic Geography
  • Human Geography
  • Social Anthropology
  • Social Psychology
  • Social Work
  • Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
  • Applied Medical Technology
  • Architectural Technology
  • Critical Studies
  • Art, Technology and Design
  • Biological Physics
  • Business Studies
  • Building Service and Energy Systems
  • Fluid and Climate Theory
  • Hydraulic and Hydrologic Engineering
  • Education and Communication in the Technological Sciences
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Fibre and Polymer Science
  • Human-computer Interaction
  • Industrial Engineering and Management
  • Industrial Information and Control Systems
  • Industrial work science
  • Järnvägsgruppen - Effektiva tågsystem för godstrafik
  • Järnvägsgruppen - Effektiva tågsystem för persontrafik
  • Järnvägsgruppen - Elsystem
  • Järnvägsgruppen - Fordonsteknik
  • Järnvägsgruppen - Gröna tåget
  • Järnvägsgruppen - Infrastruktur
  • Järnvägsgruppen - Kapacitet
  • Järnvägsgruppen - Ljud och vibrationer
  • Land and Water Resources Engineering
  • Medical Technology
  • Metallurgical process science
  • Atomic, Subatomic and Astrophysics
  • Biological and Biomedical Physics
  • Material and Nano Physics
  • Optics and Photonics
  • Environmental Strategic Analysis
  • Strategies for sustainable development
  • Real Estate and Construction Management
  • Speech and Music Communication
  • SRA - E-Science (SeRC)
  • SRA - Energy
  • SRA - Molecular Bioscience
  • SRA - Production
  • SRA - Transport
  • Technology and Health
  • Telecommunication
  • The KTH Railway Group - Tribology
  • Transport Infrastructure
  • Transport Systems
  • Vehicle and Maritime Engineering

School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS)

Writing a thesis

Writing a thesis is a requirement to obtain a degree of doctor or licentiate. It can be either a compilation thesis or a monograph thesis. It must be written in English, and must contain an English abstract and a Swedish summary. KTH's Guideline on Third-Cycle Studies  contains general quality requirements for a doctoral thesis and licentiate thesis. Specific quality requirements are set out in the general syllabus for each third-cycle subject .

Templates and covers

A thesis must exhibit a standardised appearance in line with KTH's graphic profile . More information can be found on the page for thesis templates and covers . If you are unsure about which subject to state on the cover page, please contact [email protected] .

LaTeX template (unofficial): Doktorand_KTH_Mall.zip (zip 1.8 MB) . Please note that the cover, title page and the following page with book information will be produced by the printing company US-AB.

If problems with LaTeX-pdf should occur during printing, see further instructions from US-AB here: LATEX Checklista.pdf (pdf 37 kB)

Completing a thesis

A completed thesis must be given an TRITA and ISBN number. This is requested when applying for a public defence of doctoral thesis  or a licentiate thesis seminar .

A completed thesis must be uploaded in DiVA and printed using the print office US-AB . This is generally done a few weeks after having applied for a defence or seminar. Make sure you follow the given checklists in the links above.

ISBN Request

KTH has a publication series called TRITA (Transactions from the Royal Institute of Stockholm), where doctoral theses, licentiate theses, student theses and reports should be included.

Each school at KTH has three different TRITA-series, with a person responsible for distributing the serial numbers, in each series. All TRITA publications should have an ISBN and should be registered in DiVA with uploaded full text.

To order an ISBN please fill in this form below.

If you need ISBN for another type of publication you can ask for one or several ISBN numbers at the ISBN- Centralen at Kungliga biblioteket .

Contact the library

We can can assist you in the publication process, with questions regarding open access publishing, research data, bibliometrics, and altmetrics.

Email: [email protected]

Explore all the research support the library offers

More contact information and opening hours

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COMMENTS

  1. What Is the Statistical Treatment in a Thesis?

    Statistical treatment in a thesis is a way of removing researcher bias by interpreting the data statistically rather than subjectively. Giving a thesis statistical treatment also ensures that all necessary data has been collected.

  2. How to Create an Effective Thesis Statement in 5 Easy Steps

    Creating a thesis statement can be a daunting task. It’s one of the most important sentences in your paper, and it needs to be done right. But don’t worry — with these five easy steps, you’ll be able to create an effective thesis statement ...

  3. A Comprehensive Guide to Writing an Effective Thesis

    Writing a thesis can be a daunting task, but it doesn’t have to be. With the right approach and a few helpful tips, you can craft an effective thesis that will help you get the grade you’re looking for. Here is a comprehensive guide to writ...

  4. Simple search

    Simple search · Advanced search - Research ... KTH Library. |. DiVA support. |. Register in DiVA. |. Posting your thesis. |.

  5. Student theses

    KTH Library. |. DiVA support. |. Register in DiVA. |. Posting your thesis. |. SwePub. -; Arbete och Hälsa (Closed down 2008-09-02); CESIS Working Paper Series

  6. Registering student theses

    All approved student theses should be registered in the KTH publication database DiVA. According to a decision by the university director from

  7. Posting step by step

    The process of posting your thesis (also called "nailing") must be completed at least three weeks before the thesis defense according to KTH

  8. Posting a doctoral or licentiate thesis

    The electronic posting is carried out in the KTH publication database DiVA. Posting your thesis includes registering information about the thesis and the

  9. Theses to Diva and the library

    Theses to Diva and the library. Remember that you as an author must register the work in DiVA and upload your file from the printer (pdf).

  10. Publications

    KTH's scientific publications are available in the KTH publication database DiVA. Since 2011, all dissertations, reports, and theses are available in full

  11. Doctoral theses

    Ajpi Condori, "Hybrid materials for lithium-ion batteries," Doctoral thesis Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology, TRITA-CBH-FOU, 2022:

  12. Register research publications

    If you have written a compilation thesis or licentiate thesis you should first regiser the papers in DiVA.

  13. Thesis

    KTH Library · External web. Contact. KTH Royal Institute of Technology SE-100 44 Stockholm Sweden +46 8 790 60 00. Contact KTH · Work at KTH

  14. ISBN Request

    ... theses, licentiate theses, student theses and ... If any problems occur please contact the KTH library. KTH Taggar: DiVA · publishing · ISBN