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Essay on Global Warming

The last few decades have been monumental when it comes to technological development. Humans have developed systems and machines that make our lives easier. Especially during the early modern period from the early 16th century to as far as the late 18the century, also commonly referred to as “The Scientific Revolution” or “The Enlightenment”, modern technology leapt ahead in development in such a short time frame compared to all of history.

However, with the development of society, there has been a severe detriment to the quality of Earth’s environment. One of the most massive threats to the condition of the planet is climate change. Inadequate research and reckless misuse of natural resources are some of the core reasons for the deteriorating condition of the planet.

To understand the concept of Global Warming and its causes and effects, we need to take an in-depth look into many factors that affect the temperature of the planet and what that means for the future of the world. Here is an objective look at the topic of Global Warming and other important related topics.

What is Climate Change?

Ever since the industrial and scientific revolution, Earth is slowly being used up for its resources. Moreover, the onset of the exponential increase in the world’s population is also very taxing on the environment. 

Simply put, as the need for consumption of the population increases, both the utilisation of natural resources and the waste generated from the use of said resources have also increased massively. 

One of the main results of this over the many years has become climate change. Climate change is not just the rise or fall of temperature of different areas of the world; it is also a change in the rain cycles, wind patterns, cyclone frequencies, sea levels, etc. It affects all major life groups on the planet in some way or the other.  

What is Global Warming?

Global Warming is often considered an effect of Climate change. Global Warming is the rapid increase in the temperature of the Earth’s environment that is causing many life-threatening issues to arise.

Global Warming is a dangerous effect on our environment that we are facing these days. Rapid industrialization, increase in the population growth and pollution are causing a rise in Global Warming. Global Warming refers to the increase in the average temperature of the earth's surface during the last century. One of the reasons why Global Warming is dangerous is because it disturbs the overall ecology of the planet. This results in floods, famine, cyclones and other issues. There are many causes and results of this warming and is a danger for the existence of life on earth.

The sign of Global Warming is already visible with many natural phenomena happening around globally, affecting each living species.

Here is some data that can help to give a more precise understanding of the reality of Global Warming in the last few years:

On average, the world’s temperature is about 1.5°C higher than during the start of the industrial revolution in the late 1700s. That may not seem a lot to you, but that is an average estimate. This number is only increasing. Many parts of the world face far more severe changes in temperature that affect the planet’s overall health.

In 1950, the world’s CO 2 emissions were at 6 billion tonnes which had quadrupled in volume until 1990, just 40 years later to 22 billion tonnes. Not only that, unchecked CO 2 emissions today have reached a whopping 35 billion tonnes.

The most evident causes of Global Warming are industrialization, urbanization, deforestation, and sophisticated human activities. These human activities have led to an increase in the emission of Greenhouse Gases, including CO₂, Nitrous Oxide, Methane, and others.

Causes of Global Warming

A variety of reasons causes Global Warming. Some of which can be controlled personally by individuals but others are only expected to be solved by communities and the world leaders and activists at the global level.

Many scientists believe the main four reasons for Global Warming, according to recent studies, are:

Greenhouse gases


Per capita carbon emissions

Global Warming is certainly an alarming situation, which is causing a significant impact on life existence. Extreme Global Warming is resulting in natural calamities, which is quite evident happening around. One of the reasons behind Global Warming is the extreme release of greenhouse gases stuck on the earth surface, resulting in the temperature increase.

Similarly, volcanoes are also leading to Global Warming because they spew too much CO₂ in the air. One of the significant causes behind Global Warming is the increase in the population. This increase in the population also results in air pollution. Automobiles release a lot of CO₂, which remains stuck in the earth.

This increase in the population is also leading to deforestation, which further results in Global Warming. More and more trees are being cut, increasing the concentration of CO₂.

The greenhouse is the natural process where the sunlight passes through the area, thus warming the earth's surface. The earth surface releases energy in the form of heat in the atmosphere maintaining the balance with the incoming energy. Global Warming depletes the ozone layer leading to the doom's day.

There is a clear indication that the increase in Global Warming will lead to the complete extinction of life from the earth surface.

Solution for Global Warming

Global Warming can not be blamed on individuals; however, it can be tackled and maintained from worsening starting at the individual level. Of course, industries and multinational conglomerates have higher carbon emissions levels than an average citizen. Still, activism and community effort are the only feasible ways to control the worsening state of Global Warming.

Additionally, at the state or government level, world leaders need to create concrete plans and step programmes to ensure that no further harm is being caused to the environment in general. 

Although we are almost late in slowing down the Global Warming rate, it is crucial to find the right solution. From individuals to governments, everyone has to work upon a solution for Global Warming. Controlling pollution, population and use of natural resources are some of the factors to consider. Switching over to the electric and hybrid car is the best way to bring down the carbon dioxide.

As a citizen, it is best to switch over to the hybrid car and to use public transport. This will reduce pollution and congestion. Another significant contribution you can make is to minimize the use of plastic. Plastic is the primary cause of Global Warming taking years to recycle.

Deforestation is another thing to consider that will help in controlling Global Warming. Planting of more trees should be encouraged to make the environment go green.

Industrialization should be under certain norms. The building of industries should be banned in green zones affecting plants and species. Hefty penalties should be levied on such sectors contributing towards Global Warming.

Effects of Global Warming

Global Warming is a real problem that many want to prove as a hoax for their political benefit. However, as aware citizens of the world, we must make sure only the truth is presented in the media.

Various parts of the environment, both flora and fauna, are directly adversely affected by the damages caused by Global Warming. Wildlife being in danger is ultimately a serious threat to the survival of humanity as we know it and its future.

The effect of Global Warming is widely seen in this decade. Glacier retreat and arctic shrinkage are the two common phenomena seen. Glaciers are melting in a fast way. These are pure examples of climate change.

Rise in sea level is another significant effect of Global Warming. This sea-level rise is leading to floods in low-lying areas. Extreme weather conditions are witnessed in many countries. Unseasonal rainfall, extreme heat and cold, wildfires and others are common every year. The number of these cases is increasing. This will indeed imbalance the ecosystem bringing the result of the extinction of species.

Similarly, marine life is also widely getting affected due to the increase in Global Warming. This is resulting in the death of marine species and other issues. Moreover, changes are expected in coral reefs, which are going to face the end in coming years.

These effects will take a steep rise in coming years, bringing the expansion of species to a halt. Moreover, humans too will witness the negative impact of Global Warming in the end.


FAQs on Global Warming Essay

1. What Global Warming will Cause?

Global warming will have a massive impact on our earth in the end. Flood, extreme weather conditions, famine, wildfire and many more will be the result. There will be hotter days, which will also increase the wildfire and famine. In the past years, many meteorological bureaus have added purple and magenta to the forecast.

Another impact of global warming will be rising sea levels. Increased ocean temperatures will lead to the melting of glaciers and ice caps. Increase in the sea level will lead to floods in many low-lying areas.

The overall ecosystem of nature will be an imbalance. This will affect nature in the long-term.

2. Why Does Global Warming Happen?

There are many reasons for the cause of global warming. There are certain gases in the atmosphere called greenhouse gases. The energy then radiates from the surface; the greenhouse gases trap longwave radiation. We humans have added to the atmospheric blanket of greenhouse affecting the living species. Warming of air, oceans, and land is how global warming happens.

global warming essay 700 words

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Essay on Global Warming

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  • Updated on  
  • Nov 23, 2023

essay on global warming

Being able to write an essay is an integral part of mastering any language. Essays form an integral part of many academic and scholastic exams like the SAT , and UPSC amongst many others. It is a crucial evaluative part of English proficiency tests as well like IELTS , TOEFL , etc. Major essays are meant to emphasize public issues of concern that can have significant consequences on the world. To understand the concept of Global Warming and its causes and effects, we must first examine the many factors that influence the planet’s temperature and what this implies for the world’s future. Here’s an unbiased look at the essay on Global Warming and other essential related topics.

global warming essay 700 words

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Since the industrial and scientific revolutions, Earth’s resources have been gradually depleted. Furthermore, the start of the world’s population’s exponential expansion is particularly hard on the environment. Simply put, as the population’s need for consumption grows, so does the use of natural resources , as well as the waste generated by that consumption.

Climate change has been one of the most significant long-term consequences of this. Climate change is more than just the rise or fall of global temperatures; it also affects rain cycles, wind patterns, cyclone frequencies, sea levels, and other factors. It has an impact on all major life groupings on the planet.

Also Read: World Population Day

What is Global Warming?

Global warming is the unusually rapid increase in Earth’s average surface temperature over the past century, primarily due to the greenhouse gases released by people burning fossil fuels . The greenhouse gases consist of methane, nitrous oxide, ozone, carbon dioxide, water vapour, and chlorofluorocarbons. The weather prediction has been becoming more complex with every passing year, with seasons more indistinguishable, and the general temperatures hotter. The number of hurricanes, cyclones, droughts, floods, etc., has risen steadily since the onset of the 21st century. The supervillain behind all these changes is Global Warming. The name is quite self-explanatory; it means the rise in the temperature of the Earth.

Also Read: What is a Natural Disaster?

According to recent studies, many scientists believe the following are the primary four causes of global warming:

  • Deforestation 
  • Greenhouse emissions
  • Carbon emissions per capita

Extreme global warming is causing natural disasters , which can be seen all around us. One of the causes of global warming is the extreme release of greenhouse gases that become trapped on the earth’s surface, causing the temperature to rise. Similarly, volcanoes contribute to global warming by spewing excessive CO2 into the atmosphere.

The increase in population is one of the major causes of Global Warming. This increase in population also leads to increased air pollution . Automobiles emit a lot of CO2, which remains in the atmosphere. This increase in population is also causing deforestation, which contributes to global warming.

The earth’s surface emits energy into the atmosphere in the form of heat, keeping the balance with the incoming energy. Global warming depletes the ozone layer, bringing about the end of the world. There is a clear indication that increased global warming will result in the extinction of all life on Earth’s surface.

Also Read: Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation, and Wildlife Resources

Of course, industries and multinational conglomerates emit more carbon than the average citizen. Nonetheless, activism and community effort are the only viable ways to slow the worsening effects of global warming. Furthermore, at the state or government level, world leaders must develop concrete plans and step-by-step programmes to ensure that no further harm is done to the environment in general.

Although we are almost too late to slow the rate of global warming, finding the right solution is critical. Everyone, from individuals to governments, must work together to find a solution to Global Warming. Some of the factors to consider are pollution control, population growth, and the use of natural resources.

One very important contribution you can make is to reduce your use of plastic. Plastic is the primary cause of global warming, and recycling it takes years. Another factor to consider is deforestation, which will aid in the control of global warming. More tree planting should be encouraged to green the environment. Certain rules should also govern industrialization. Building industries in green zones that affect plants and species should be prohibited.

Also Read: Essay on Pollution

Global warming is a real problem that many people want to disprove to gain political advantage. However, as global citizens, we must ensure that only the truth is presented in the media.

This decade has seen a significant impact from global warming. The two most common phenomena observed are glacier retreat and arctic shrinkage. Glaciers are rapidly melting. These are clear manifestations of climate change.

Another significant effect of global warming is the rise in sea level. Flooding is occurring in low-lying areas as a result of sea-level rise. Many countries have experienced extreme weather conditions. Every year, we have unusually heavy rain, extreme heat and cold, wildfires, and other natural disasters.

Similarly, as global warming continues, marine life is being severely impacted. This is causing the extinction of marine species as well as other problems. Furthermore, changes are expected in coral reefs, which will face extinction in the coming years. These effects will intensify in the coming years, effectively halting species expansion. Furthermore, humans will eventually feel the negative effects of Global Warming.

Also Read: Concept of Sustainable Development

Sample Essays on Global Warming

Here are some sample essays on Global Warming:

Global Warming is caused by the increase of carbon dioxide levels in the earth’s atmosphere and is a result of human activities that have been causing harm to our environment for the past few centuries now. Global Warming is something that can’t be ignored and steps have to be taken to tackle the situation globally. The average temperature is constantly rising by 1.5 degrees Celsius over the last few years. The best method to prevent future damage to the earth, cutting down more forests should be banned and Afforestation should be encouraged. Start by planting trees near your homes and offices, participate in events, and teach the importance of planting trees. It is impossible to undo the damage but it is possible to stop further harm.

Also Read: Social Forestry

Over a long period, it is observed that the temperature of the earth is increasing. This affected wildlife , animals, humans, and every living organism on earth. Glaciers have been melting, and many countries have started water shortages, flooding, and erosion and all this is because of global warming. No one can be blamed for global warming except for humans. Human activities such as gases released from power plants, transportation, and deforestation have increased gases such as carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants in the earth’s atmosphere. The main question is how can we control the current situation and build a better world for future generations. It starts with little steps by every individual. Start using cloth bags made from sustainable materials for all shopping purposes, instead of using high-watt lights use energy-efficient bulbs, switch off the electricity, don’t waste water, abolish deforestation and encourage planting more trees. Shift the use of energy from petroleum or other fossil fuels to wind and solar energy. Instead of throwing out the old clothes donate them to someone so that it is recycled. Donate old books, don’t waste paper.  Above all, spread awareness about global warming. Every little thing a person does towards saving the earth will contribute in big or small amounts. We must learn that 1% effort is better than no effort. Pledge to take care of Mother Nature and speak up about global warming.

Also Read: Types of Water Pollution

Global warming isn’t a prediction, it is happening! A person denying it or unaware of it is in the most simple terms complicit. Do we have another planet to live on? Unfortunately, we have been bestowed with this one planet only that can sustain life yet over the years we have turned a blind eye to the plight it is in. Global warming is not an abstract concept but a global phenomenon occurring ever so slowly even at this moment.

Global Warming is a phenomenon that is occurring every minute resulting in a gradual increase in the Earth’s overall climate. Brought about by greenhouse gases that trap the solar radiation in the atmosphere, global warming can change the entire map of the earth, displacing areas, flooding many countries, and destroying multiple lifeforms. Extreme weather is a direct consequence of global warming but it is not an exhaustive consequence. There are virtually limitless effects of global warming which are all harmful to life on earth.

The sea level is increasing by 0.12 inches per year worldwide. This is happening because of the melting of polar ice caps because of global warming. This has increased the frequency of floods in many lowland areas and has caused damage to coral reefs. The Arctic is one of the worst-hit areas affected by global warming. Air quality has been adversely affected and the acidity of the seawater has also increased causing severe damage to marine life forms. Severe natural disasters are brought about by global warming which has had dire effects on life and property.

As long as mankind produces greenhouse gases, global warming will continue to accelerate. The consequences are felt at a much smaller scale which will increase to become drastic shortly. The power to save the day lies in the hands of humans, the need is to seize the day. Energy consumption should be reduced on an individual basis. Fuel-efficient cars and other electronics should be encouraged to reduce the wastage of energy sources. This will also improve air quality and reduce the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Global warming is an evil that can only be defeated when fought together.

It is better late than never. If we all take steps today, we will have a much brighter future tomorrow. Global warming is the bane of our existence and various policies have come up worldwide to fight it but that is not enough. The actual difference is made when we work at an individual level to fight it. Understanding its import now is crucial before it becomes an irrevocable mistake. Exterminating global warming is of utmost importance and each one of us is as responsible for it as the next.  

Always hear about global warming everywhere, but do we know what it is? The evil of the worst form, global warming is a phenomenon that can affect life more fatally. Global warming refers to the increase in the earth’s temperature as a result of various human activities. The planet is gradually getting hotter and threatening the existence of lifeforms on it. Despite being relentlessly studied and researched, global warming for the majority of the population remains an abstract concept of science. It is this concept that over the years has culminated in making global warming a stark reality and not a concept covered in books.

Global warming is not caused by one sole reason that can be curbed. There are multifarious factors that cause global warming most of which are a part of an individual’s daily existence. Burning of fuels for cooking, in vehicles, and for other conventional uses, a large amount of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, and methane amongst many others is produced which accelerates global warming. Rampant deforestation also results in global warming as lesser green cover results in an increased presence of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which is a greenhouse gas. 

Finding a solution to global warming is of immediate importance. Global warming is a phenomenon that has to be fought unitedly. Planting more trees can be the first step that can be taken toward warding off the severe consequences of global warming. Increasing the green cover will result in regulating the carbon cycle. There should be a shift from using nonrenewable energy to renewable energy such as wind or solar energy which causes less pollution and thereby hinder the acceleration of global warming. Reducing energy needs at an individual level and not wasting energy in any form is the most important step to be taken against global warming.

The warning bells are tolling to awaken us from the deep slumber of complacency we have slipped into. Humans can fight against nature and it is high time we acknowledged that. With all our scientific progress and technological inventions, fighting off the negative effects of global warming is implausible. We have to remember that we do not inherit the earth from our ancestors but borrow it from our future generations and the responsibility lies on our shoulders to bequeath them a healthy planet for life to exist. 

Also Read: Essay on Disaster Management

One good action in a day is to combat the heat.

Global Warming and Climate Change are two sides of the same coin. Both are interrelated with each other and are two issues of major concern worldwide. Greenhouse gases released such as carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants in the earth’s atmosphere cause Global Warming which leads to climate change. Black holes have started to form in the ozone layer that protects the earth from harmful ultraviolet rays. Human activities have created climate change and global warming. Industrial waste and fumes are the major contributors to global warming. Another factor affecting is the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation and also one of the reasons for climate change.  Global warming has resulted in shrinking mountain glaciers in Antarctica, Greenland, and the Arctic and causing climate change. Switching from the use of fossil fuels to energy sources like wind and solar. When buying any electronic appliance buy the best quality with energy savings stars. Don’t waste water and encourage rainwater harvesting in your community. 

Also Read: Essay on Air Pollution

Writing an effective essay needs skills that few people possess and even fewer know how to implement. While writing an essay can be an assiduous task that can be unnerving at times, some key pointers can be inculcated to draft a successful essay. These involve focusing on the structure of the essay, planning it out well, and emphasizing crucial details. Mentioned below are some pointers that can help you write better structure and more thoughtful essays that will get across to your readers:

  • Prepare an outline for the essay to ensure continuity and relevance and no break in the structure of the essay
  • Decide on a thesis statement that will form the basis of your essay. It will be the point of your essay and help readers understand your contention
  • Follow the structure of an introduction, a detailed body followed by a conclusion so that the readers can comprehend the essay in a particular manner without any dissonance.
  • Make your beginning catchy and include solutions in your conclusion to make the essay insightful and lucrative to read
  • Reread before putting it out and add your flair to the essay to make it more personal and thereby unique and intriguing for readers  

Relevant Blogs

Ans. Both natural and man-made factors contribute to global warming. The natural one also contains methane gas, volcanic eruptions, and greenhouse gases. Deforestation , mining , livestock raising, burning fossil fuels, and other man-made causes are next.

Ans. The government and the general public can work together to stop global warming. Trees must be planted more often, and deforestation must be prohibited. Auto usage needs to be curbed, and recycling needs to be promoted.

Ans. Switching to renewable energy sources , adopting sustainable farming, transportation, and energy methods, and conserving water and other natural resources.

We hope this blog gave you an idea about how to write and present an essay on global warming that puts forth your opinions. The skill of writing an essay comes in handy when appearing for standardized language tests . Thinking of taking one soon? Leverage Edu provides the best online test prep for the same via Leverage Live . Register today to know more!

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This was really a good essay on global warming… There has been used many unic words..and I really liked it!!!Seriously I had been looking for a essay about Global warming just like this…

Thank you for the comment!

I want to learn how to write essay writing so I joined this page.This page is very useful for everyone.

Hi, we are glad that we could help you to write essays. We have a beginner’s guide to write essays ( ) and we think this might help you.

It is not good , to have global warming in our earth .So we all have to afforestation program on all the world.

thank you so much

Very educative , helpful and it is really going to strength my English knowledge to structure my essay in future

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Global warming is the increase in 𝓽𝓱𝓮 ᴀᴠᴇʀᴀɢᴇ ᴛᴇᴍᴘᴇʀᴀᴛᴜʀᴇs ᴏғ ᴇᴀʀᴛʜ🌎 ᴀᴛᴍᴏsᴘʜᴇʀᴇ

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Essay on Global Warming – Causes and Solutions


500+ Words Essay on Global Warming

Global Warming is a term almost everyone is familiar with. But, its meaning is still not clear to most of us. So, Global warming refers to the gradual rise in the overall temperature of the atmosphere of the Earth. There are various activities taking place which have been increasing the temperature gradually. Global warming is melting our ice glaciers rapidly. This is extremely harmful to the earth as well as humans. It is quite challenging to control global warming; however, it is not unmanageable. The first step in solving any problem is identifying the cause of the problem. Therefore, we need to first understand the causes of global warming that will help us proceed further in solving it. In this essay on Global Warming, we will see the causes and solutions of Global Warming.

essay on global warming

Causes of Global Warming

Global warming has become a grave problem which needs undivided attention. It is not happening because of a single cause but several causes. These causes are both natural as well as manmade. The natural causes include the release of greenhouses gases which are not able to escape from earth, causing the temperature to increase.

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Further, volcanic eruptions are also responsible for global warming. That is to say, these eruptions release tons of carbon dioxide which contributes to global warming. Similarly, methane is also one big issue responsible for global warming.

global warming essay 700 words

So, when one of the biggest sources of absorption of carbon dioxide will only disappear, there will be nothing left to regulate the gas. Thus, it will result in global warming. Steps must be taken immediately to stop global warming and make the earth better again.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Global Warming Solutions

As stated earlier, it might be challenging but it is not entirely impossible. Global warming can be stopped when combined efforts are put in. For that, individuals and governments, both have to take steps towards achieving it. We must begin with the reduction of greenhouse gas.

Furthermore, they need to monitor the consumption of gasoline. Switch to a hybrid car and reduce the release of carbon dioxide. Moreover, citizens can choose public transport or carpool together. Subsequently, recycling must also be encouraged.

Read Global Warming Speech here

For instance, when you go shopping, carry your own cloth bag. Another step you can take is to limit the use of electricity which will prevent the release of carbon dioxide. On the government’s part, they must regulate industrial waste and ban them from emitting harmful gases in the air. Deforestation must be stopped immediately and planting of trees must be encouraged.

In short, all of us must realize the fact that our earth is not well. It needs to treatment and we can help it heal. The present generation must take up the responsibility of stopping global warming in order to prevent the suffering of future generations. Therefore, every little step, no matter how small carries a lot of weight and is quite significant in stopping global warming.

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FAQs on Global Warming

Q.1 List the causes of Global Warming.

A.1 There are various causes of global warming both natural and manmade. The natural one includes a greenhouse gas, volcanic eruption, methane gas and more. Next up, manmade causes are deforestation, mining, cattle rearing, fossil fuel burning and more.

Q.2 How can one stop Global Warming?

A.2 Global warming can be stopped by a joint effort by the individuals and the government. Deforestation must be banned and trees should be planted more. The use of automobiles must be limited and recycling must be encouraged.


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Essay on Climate Change for Children and Students

Table of Contents

Essay on Climate Change: Climate change is a significant environmental and social issue worldwide. Climate change, often referred to as global warming, is a result of increasing levels of atmospheric CO2 and other greenhouse gases emitted primarily by human activities such as cars and factories. The consequences of climate change encompass not only global warming but also alterations in precipitation, sea level changes, and more frequent extreme weather events. These impacts have been affecting us for some time now, and they are becoming increasingly evident.

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The factors leading to climate change have raised concerns globally over the last few decades. The rising levels of carbon emissions from human activities have amplified global warming, which, in turn, leads to shifts in weather patterns and heightened occurrences of extreme weather events. Moreover, sea level changes pose a direct threat to coastal regions around the world.

One of the most alarming aspects of climate change is its adverse impact on biodiversity and the environment. It contributes to environmental degradation, with repercussions for ecosystems and species. Additionally, it places vulnerable communities at risk, potentially resulting in climate refugees as people are forced to leave their homes due to climate-related challenges.

Long and Short Essays on Climate Change in English

Short essays on climate change.

Here are some essay on Climate Change of short lengths to help you with the topic in your examination. You can select any climate change essay as per your need:

Climate Change Essay in 100 words

Climate change is a pressing global issue caused by various factors, including carbon emissions, volcanic eruptions, and solar radiation. Human activities like fossil fuel combustion, deforestation, and vehicular pollution play a significant role. These changes have led to more frequent and severe extreme weather events and threaten biodiversity.

Forests are dwindling, and the polar regions face extinction risks. Erratic rainfall patterns result in floods and droughts, affecting water systems. Various species, from polar bears to tigers, are at risk of extinction due to shifting climates.

Mitigating climate change necessitates reducing carbon emissions, promoting sustainable practices, and adhering to international agreements like the Paris Agreement. Immediate action and global cooperation are essential to address this crisis.

Essay on Climate Change in 150 words

Climate change is a complex global challenge driven by various factors, prominently carbon emissions, volcanic eruptions, and solar radiation. Human activities, notably fossil fuel combustion, deforestation, and vehicular pollution, have intensified this issue. These changes lead to more frequent and severe extreme weather events, posing a severe threat to biodiversity.

Forests, critical for carbon absorption, are facing mass extinctions. The polar regions are particularly vulnerable, and life there is at risk. Erratic rainfall patterns result in floods and droughts, disrupting water systems. Many species, including iconic animals like polar bears and tigers, face extinction due to changing climates.

Addressing climate change requires immediate and concerted efforts. It involves reducing carbon emissions, transitioning to sustainable practices, and adhering to international agreements such as the Paris Agreement. The preservation of Earth’s climate is a collective responsibility, demanding global cooperation to ensure a sustainable future.

Climate Change Essay in 200 words

Climate change refers to alterations in the Earth’s climate patterns that can persist for several decades to centuries. These changes are driven by various factors known as forcing mechanisms, which can be either external or internal.

External forcing mechanisms encompass both natural factors, such as variations in the Earth’s orbit, changes in solar radiation, volcanic eruptions, and plate tectonics, and human-induced factors, including the emission of greenhouse gases and carbon emissions.

Internal forcing mechanisms are natural processes that occur within the climate system and include ocean-atmosphere variability and the influence of life on Earth.

The consequences of climate change are far-reaching, with negative impacts on forests, wildlife, water systems, and polar regions. Many plant and animal species have faced extinction due to these shifts in climate patterns, while others have suffered adverse effects.

Human activities, such as deforestation, land use changes, and practices that increase the concentration of carbon in the atmosphere, have played a significant role in recent climate change. It is imperative to monitor and control these activities to mitigate the effects of climate change and maintain environmental balance.

Essay on Climate Change in 250 words

Climate change represents one of the most critical global challenges of our time, driven by a complex interplay of factors, including carbon emissions, volcanic eruptions, and solar radiation. However, it’s the impact of human activities, particularly fossil fuel combustion, deforestation, and vehicular pollution, that has significantly accelerated this phenomenon. These activities have resulted in more frequent and severe extreme weather events, posing a grave threat to the planet’s biodiversity.

Forests, which play a vital role in carbon absorption, are facing the risk of mass extinctions. The polar regions, crucial for regulating Earth’s climate, are particularly vulnerable, with many species at the brink of extinction. Erratic rainfall patterns have led to catastrophic events like floods and droughts, disrupting water systems and impacting communities.

Various species, from polar bears struggling to find food due to melting ice caps to tigers facing habitat loss, are in jeopardy due to changing climates.

To address this monumental challenge, immediate and concerted efforts are paramount. It involves reducing carbon emissions through transitioning to cleaner energy sources, promoting sustainable practices in agriculture and land use, and adhering to international agreements such as the Paris Agreement.

Individuals, communities, governments, and businesses all have roles to play in combatting climate change. Raising awareness, adopting greener technologies, and advocating for responsible policies are crucial steps towards mitigating the impact of climate change. The preservation of Earth’s climate is not just an environmental imperative but a collective responsibility that requires global cooperation to ensure a sustainable and habitable future for generations to come.

Climate Change Essay in 300 words

Climate change, as its name implies, refers to significant alterations in Earth’s climatic conditions. Several factors have contributed to these changes over centuries. However, recent changes primarily resulting from human activities are having detrimental effects on the atmosphere.

Researchers continuously study climate patterns to understand both the past and future conditions. They gather and update climate records based on geological evidence, including records of flora and fauna, glacial and periglacial processes, sea level records, borehole temperature profiles, and sediment layers.

Let’s delve into the causes and effects of climate change:

Causes of Climate Change:

  • Solar Radiation: The energy emitted by the Sun, which reaches Earth and is distributed across the planet by winds and ocean currents, plays a crucial role in climate change.
  • Human Activities: Modern technology has significantly increased carbon emissions, contributing to adverse climate effects. The emission of carbon into the atmosphere is a major concern.
  • Orbital Variations, Plate Tectonics, and Volcanic Eruptions: Natural factors like orbital variations, plate tectonics, and volcanic eruptions also influence climate change.

Effects of Climate Change:

Impact on Forests and Wildlife: Climate change has led to the extinction of numerous plant and animal species and threatens many others with extinction. Forests are shrinking, and some regions are experiencing mass tree extinctions.

Impact on Water: Changes in climate conditions have adverse effects on the water system. Glacier melting and unpredictable rainfall patterns disrupt environmental equilibrium.

It is imperative to address climate change seriously and take measures to control human activities that contribute to these changes. This includes reducing carbon emissions, adopting sustainable practices, and promoting environmental conservation. The preservation of Earth’s climate is a collective responsibility that requires global cooperation to ensure a sustainable future for generations to come.

Climate Change Essay in 400 words

Climate change entails a significant alteration in the distribution and patterns of average weather conditions on Earth. When such changes persist for several decades or even centuries, they are referred to as climatic changes. Multiple factors contribute to these shifts in climate, and their consequences are of paramount concern.

Factors Responsible for Climate Change:

  • Solar Radiation: The Sun emits energy that reaches Earth, and this energy is subsequently released into space. It is transported across the globe via winds, ocean currents, and other mechanisms, influencing the planet’s climatic conditions.
  • Volcanic Eruptions: Volcanic eruptions are relatively common on Earth and can have a profound impact on climate. The effects of a volcanic eruption can linger for several years, altering atmospheric conditions.
  • Human Activities: Human activities play a significant role in climate change. The emission of carbon into the atmosphere, stemming from fossil fuel combustion, industrial waste incineration, and vehicular pollution, is a key contributor to climate change.
  • Orbital Variations: Variations in the Earth’s orbit can lead to changes in the seasonal distribution of sunlight received on the planet. These variations, known as Milankovitch cycles, can have adverse effects on climate patterns.

Climate Change Effects:

  • Effect on Forests: Forests are vital ecosystems, providing habitat for numerous plant and animal species while maintaining ecological balance. Unfortunately, climate change has led to the extinction of forests in many regions, threatening biodiversity.
  • Effect on Water: Climate change has disrupted the planet’s water systems, leading to erratic rainfall patterns that result in extreme conditions like droughts and floods. The melting of glaciers is another consequence, contributing to rising sea levels.
  • Effect on Wildlife: Climatic changes pose a severe threat to various wildlife species. Many wild animals and plants have experienced population declines, with some on the brink of extinction due to the changing climate.


Climate change is a global challenge that stems from a combination of natural forces and human activities. While we cannot control natural forces, it is within our power to mitigate the impact of human activities that contribute to adverse weather patterns. Preserving environmental harmony on Earth necessitates responsible and sustainable practices, reduction of carbon emissions, and global cooperation. By taking concerted action, we can address this critical issue and secure a more sustainable future for our planet and its inhabitants.

Long Essay on Climate Change in 500 words

Climate change denotes a transformation in the global climate pattern. Our planet has witnessed climatic variations over centuries, but the changes observed from the mid to late 20th century are particularly pronounced. The excessive increase in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere is a major driver of these changes. Additionally, various natural forces, such as solar radiation, orbital variations, and volcanic eruptions, have influenced Earth’s climate over time. Here, we delve into the primary causes of these climatic shifts and ways to mitigate their adverse impact.

Climate Change Causes: Numerous factors have contributed to past and ongoing weather changes. These include variations in solar energy received by Earth, volcanic eruptions, orbital alterations, and plate tectonics. Moreover, various human activities have significantly contributed to recent climate changes, often referred to as a consequence of global warming . Let’s examine each of these factors in detail:

Solar Radiation: The rate at which the Sun’s energy is received and dispersed in space determines the equilibrium temperature and climate of our planet. Winds, ocean currents, and other mechanisms distribute this energy globally, influencing the climatic conditions of different regions. Long-term and short-term changes in solar intensity can impact global climate.

Volcanic Eruption: Volcanic eruptions with emissions exceeding 100,000 tons of SO2 in the stratosphere are known to affect Earth’s climate. Such eruptions, occurring several times a century, have a cooling effect on the Earth’s atmosphere for several years, partly blocking the transmission of solar radiation to the Earth’s surface.

Orbital Variations: Even slight changes in Earth’s orbit lead to modifications in the seasonal distribution of sunlight received on its surface. Three types of orbital changes—variations in Earth’s eccentricity, precession of the Earth’s axis, and shifts in the tilt angle of the Earth’s axis of rotation—combine to create Milankovitch cycles that exert a significant influence on climate.

Plate Tectonics: The movement of tectonic plates reshapes Earth’s land and oceans over millions of years, generating topographical changes that, in turn, influence global climatic conditions.

Climate conditions are deteriorating with each passing day. While we cannot control the adverse impact on climate caused by the natural factors discussed above, we can take measures to mitigate human influences that have significantly altered the climate in recent times. Human activities leading to air, land, and water pollution, ultimately affecting the climate negatively, must be restrained. Each of us must contribute to controlling this global issue by adopting sustainable practices, reducing carbon emissions, and prioritizing environmental conservation. By collectively addressing this challenge, we can work toward a sustainable future for our planet and all its inhabitants.

Climate Change Essay in 600 words

Climate change, as the name suggests, refers to a change in the climatic conditions on Earth. While weather variations are frequent, climate change is recognized when these variations persist for several decades to centuries. Numerous factors contribute to these changes, categorized as external and internal mechanisms. Here’s a detailed examination of these factors:

External Forcing Mechanisms:

  • Volcanic Eruption: Volcanic eruptions that release over 100,000 tons of SO2 into the stratosphere can induce climatic changes. These eruptions temporarily cool Earth’s atmosphere by partially blocking the transmission of solar radiation to the surface.
  • Solar Output: Earth’s climate and equilibrium temperature depend on the rate at which it receives energy from the Sun and emits it back into space. Variations in solar output can influence global climate patterns.
  • Plate Tectonics: Over millions of years, the motion of tectonic plates reconfigures the planet’s land and oceans, resulting in changes in topography that impact global climatic conditions.
  • Orbital Variations: Changes in Earth’s orbit lead to alterations in the seasonal distribution of sunlight received on its surface. These orbital changes, including variations in eccentricity, the tilt angle of Earth’s axis of rotation, and precession, create Milankovitch cycles that significantly impact climate.
  • Human Activities: Human activities, such as the combustion of fossil fuels, vehicular pollution, deforestation, animal agriculture, and land use changes, have led to an increase in CO2 emissions, contributing to climate change. These activities are crucial factors in the current climate crisis.

Internal Forcing Mechanisms:

  • Life: Life on Earth influences climate through carbon emissions, water cycles, cloud formation, weathering, and evapotranspiration, among other mechanisms. The loss of biodiversity also plays a role in climate change.
  • Ocean-Atmosphere Variability: Interactions between the atmosphere and ocean create internal climate changes that can persist from years to decades, impacting global surface temperatures. This variability includes phenomena like El Niño and La Niña.

Climate change has adverse effects on the Earth’s environment, including:

  • Effect on Forests: Forests play a crucial role in maintaining environmental balance by absorbing carbon dioxide. However, many tree species are unable to adapt to changing climates, leading to mass extinctions and reduced biodiversity.
  • Effect on Polar Regions: The polar regions, which are critical for regulating global climate, are particularly vulnerable to climate change. Continued changes could result in the extinction of life in these regions. Melting ice caps are a visible sign of these changes.
  • Effect on Water: Climate change has disrupted water systems worldwide, leading to extreme rainfall patterns that cause floods and droughts in various regions. The melting of glaciers due to rising temperatures exacerbates the issue, contributing to rising sea levels.
  • Effect on Wildlife: Numerous species, including tigers, African elephants, Asian rhinos, Adélie penguins, and polar bears, have seen their populations decline due to changing weather patterns. Many are on the brink of extinction as they struggle to adapt.

The environmental impacts of climate change are becoming increasingly evident. Researchers attribute much of this change to human activities over the past few decades. To mitigate climate change and maintain a healthy environment on Earth, it is imperative to control human influences. This requires a collective effort to reduce carbon emissions, adopt sustainable practices, and prioritize environmental conservation. Preserving the planet’s climate is a shared responsibility, and it is essential to work together to secure a sustainable future for our world and its inhabitants. Climate action, as outlined in the Paris Agreement , is a crucial step in addressing this global crisis.

Frequently Asked Questions on Climate Change

What is climate change and how is it a problem.

Climate change refers to long-term shifts in temperature and weather patterns, primarily caused by human activities like burning fossil fuels. It's a problem because it leads to extreme weather events, rising sea levels, and loss of biodiversity, which can harm our environment, economy, and health.

How climate change happens?

Climate change happens due to both natural processes and human activities. The main human cause is the release of greenhouse gases like CO2 into the atmosphere, which traps heat and raises Earth's temperature.

Who first said climate change?

While the understanding of climate change spans centuries, scientist Svante Arrhenius in the late 19th century was among the first to claim that human-caused CO2 emissions could change the climate.

What is climate change risk?

Climate change risk encompasses the potential negative impacts on ecosystems, human health, and economies due to changing climate conditions.

What is the future of climate change?

If not addressed, the future of climate change includes more frequent extreme weather events, rising sea levels, and disruptions to ecosystems. However, with global cooperation, we can mitigate some of these effects.

Why is climate important to life on Earth?

Climate shapes the environment, ecosystems, and behaviors of species. It determines temperature, precipitation, and seasons, which are crucial for food production, water availability, and overall survival.

Can climate change be stopped?

While we can't completely stop climate change, with global efforts, we can significantly reduce its impact by decreasing greenhouse gas emissions and transitioning to sustainable practices.

How does climate affect human life?

Climate influences food availability, water resources, infrastructure, health, and safety. Changes in climate can result in food shortages, disease outbreaks, and economic challenges.

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