fahrenheit 451 essay introduction

Fahrenheit 451 Summary, Analysis, and Essay Example

fahrenheit 451 essay introduction

Ray Bradbury’s classic 1953 book Fahrenheit 451 is one of the most renowned novels of the 20th century. It stands alongside such classics as Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World and George Orwell’s 1984. This Fahrenheit 451 analysis takes a look at its author, characters, themes, quotes, and movie adaptation.

Ray Bradbury Bio

Ray Douglas Bradbury was born in Waukegan, Illinois, on August 22, 1920. His parents, Esther Bradbury and Leonard Spaulding Bradbury gave Ray his middle name in honor of the actor Douglas Fairbanks. Ray’s aunt would often read to him during his childhood. This influence can be seen in his works, where he highlights major themes of censorship, the importance of books, and accepting the history that can no longer be changed.

Ray Bradbury has loved reading since he was a young man. He often visited the library and read the works of Jules Verne, Edgar Alan Poe, and H. G. Wells. Ray published his first story titled Hollerbochen’s Dilemma when he was only 18 years old. While not popular with readers, it showcased the young writer’s potential.

Bradbury continued to hone his skills, and they paid off nearly two decades later. Some of the greatest Ray Bradbury books include Fahrenheit 451, Dandelion Wine, and The Illustrated Man. His first collection of short sci-fi stories dubbed The Martian Chronicles was released in 1950. To this day, Fahrenheit 451 remains one of his most well-known works.

In the mid-1980s, he was a host and writer for The Ray Bradbury Theater. This was an anthology series that ran on HBO and the First Choice Superchannel in Canada. Bradbury personally wrote for all 65 episodes. They were based on his own short stories and novels.

Fahrenheit 451 Summary

Fahrenheit 451: Analysis

Ray Bradbury Fahrenheit 451 continues to fascinate readers with its timeless themes of freedom, censorship, dystopian society, and wilful ignorance years after its release. Bradbury paints a portrait of a hedonistic society that doesn’t care about its lifestyle and doesn’t want change. 

Fahrenheit 451 analysis closely centers around the main character torn between his professional loyalties and growing discontent with the status quo. It’s a timeless classic that shows how arrogance always leads to downfall.

What Is the Main Idea of Fahrenheit 451?

Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 was strongly influenced by the McCarthy trials. The book is a condemnation of censorship and the persecution of people. It’s a tale of a man’s desire for individuality in a strongly conformist and ignorant society. The story sets in the future, where the American public has become an empty shell.

In this timeline, firemen start fires instead of putting them out. Fahrenheit 451 follows one of the operatives named Guy Montag. He goes on a personal journey from enjoying the book burnings to doubting his actions and wanting nothing to do with them. The majority of his peers have become disconnected from reality.

They are constantly bombarded by sounds and sights produced by the media. This is so persistent that people have no time to think and process what is being transmitted. Montag realizes that he has to desperately try to save what knowledge remains in unburned books. The story is a chilling tale with a dash of hope for the future.

Themes in Fahrenheit 451

Let’s begin our Fahrenheit 451 analysis with the themes. 

  • As with all great dystopian novels, Ray Bradbury’s book shows one of the worst outcomes for humanity. Like his previous works, Fahrenheit 451 themes concern the dangers of technological progress. The societal problems faced by the books’ characters stem from the oversaturation of media. 
  • The media of Fahrenheit 451 put an emphasis on stimulating the senses with programs that lack real depth. Oppressive society has become totally enthralled by immediate gratification. They lost any interest in books and critical thinking. In a way, technology destroyed the humanity of humans. Yet, it’s not the only dangerous technology.
  • One of Fahrenheit 451 themes is the use of censorship to control the masses. Without any books around, governments and media companies found a way to control all information. This causes people to be constantly hooked on the barrage of media. Such things are still done by dictatorships that censor or outlaw books.

This all comes crashing down in the book’s climax. The only reason for the main character’s survival is his voluntary self-exile. Even without the happy ending, Bradbury gives hope that society may still be rebuilt.

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What Are 3 Conflicts in Fahrenheit 451?

There are several major conflicts In the Fahrenheit 451 book.  

  • A man versus self - the dilemma Guy Montag faces. He is torn between his past identity and the need to obtain knowledge. 
  • Conflicts with others: captain Beatty and his wife, Mildred. 
  • Coming to clash with modern society and government. The protagonist doesn’t feel comfortable with any of these factions by the end.

What Is the Main Problem in Fahrenheit 451?

The main conflict of Ray Bradbury Fahrenheit 451 stems from the fact that society has become completely dependent on mass media. As a result, it’s no longer interested in the world’s problems. Free thought is forbidden, and literature is destroyed on-site. The overindulgence in technology distracts the population from an impending threat. Guy Montag finds himself to be one of the few people to escape its destructive nature.

There are several Fahrenheit 451 characters essential to the story. 

  • Its protagonist Guy Montag is a professional in burning books. Instead of putting out fires, he sets them. All of this is to destroy the unwanted knowledge contained in books. His point of view takes readers into the book’s world.
  • Guy Montag is married to Mildred . The protagonist still loves her but finds himself repulsed by her lack of personality. Mildred spends most of the novel glued to a TV screen or listening to the radio. She also enjoys other things that don’t require mental effort or thought.
  • Captain Beatty is Guy Montag’s chief and one of the book’s antagonists. Ironically, he’s one of the most educated and well-read Fahrenheit 451 characters. But he uses this knowledge to keep people ignorant and burn books. 
  • Clarise McCellan is a teenage girl that lives near Guy and Mildred. Unlike her peers, she’s not yet destroyed by society. In Ray Bradbury Fahrenheit 451, she still has her honesty, curiosity, and courage. Interestingly enough, the character analysis of Jem Finch can be used to understand Clarise’s character better. Hire your personal essay writer at our write my dissertation service .
  • Professor Faber is a former English professor who witnessed the decline. Unlike Beatty, he despises society and believes in independent thought. But, unlike the chief, he doesn’t use his knowledge. Instead, he wants to hide away from society.

Fahrenheit 451 Summary

What Are the Symbols in Fahrenheit 451?

There are several symbols that appear heavily throughout the story. The first is fire . It’s the most evident symbol in the Fahrenheit 451 book. The book’s title refers to the temperature at which the book paper catches fire. Fire is heavily used to describe knowledge, rebirth, and destruction. The element is mostly used as a force of devastation throughout the novel.

Another prominent symbol is that of the salamander . This animal is used as a symbol for firemen in Fahrenheit 451. It’s displayed on their patches and on the fire hoses used to spew fire. Firetrucks are called the Salamander in the novel. The phoenix is displayed on the firemen’s uniforms and symbolizes the cycle of death and rebirth.

Ray Bradbury also uses seashell radio prominently in the story. This is a small radio device that symbolizes the control the media and government have over society. Almost everybody wears them to get a constant flow of information into their mind. Guy’s wife Mildred seems to be listening to seashell radio all the time.

Mirrors are another important part of the novel. They are used to represent seeing your true self and self-awareness. Montag describes Clarisse’s face as being like a mirror. This indicates that Montag notices a part of himself in her.

Motifs in Fahrenheit 451

Fahrenheit 451 analysis reveals several motifs in the novel. Religion appears a lot in Fahrenheit 451. The first book Montag saves from burning ends up being a copy of the Bible. He later discusses the lack of religion and its significance with professor Faber. Guy desperately seeks someone who can explain the content of the book as he feels unable to understand it.

Paradoxes are another important part of Fahrenheit 451. Bradbury has several paradoxical statements in the novel. Primarily they consider the Mechanical Hound and Mildred. For example, Guy believes the room with his wife to be empty at the beginning of the story. This emptiness stems from her being mentally lost in the sea of information.

Ray Bradbury uses nature as a counterpart to technology . It’s used to represent the change in norms the protagonist became used to. Nature also highlights the destructive tendencies of society. For example, modern society made animals symbols of death and darkness. During his conversations with Clarisse, they often referred to nature. Montag even thinks of her to be a part of nature when he first meets her.

Fahrenheit 451 Essay Example

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Why Was Fahrenheit 451 Banned?

So, why was Fahrenheit 451 banned several times? It is the only one of Ray Bradbury's books that suffered that much. This was motivated by a desire to censor its graphic content. Ironically, a story about censorship and government overreach has itself been a subject of these things.

Fahrenheit 451 Summary

Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 book is set in a dystopian future that weaponizes book burning to keep people barred from any knowledge. The novel follows one of the professional book incinerators named Guy Montag. In the beginning, he seems content with his work. But his attitude toward happiness and work soon starts to change.

First, he starts to have daily conversations with his neighbor Clarisse McClellan. She asks him many serious questions instead of spewing pleasantries. The second is when Montag steals his first book from an old woman's house during one of the raids. His firemen force was ordered to destroy the house of an old book hoarder. Instead of leaving the building, the old woman refuses to live in this society, and she sets herself on fire.

Ather these events, Montag questions his beliefs and himself more and more. Montag decides to steal and save more books from incineration. Montag makes an effort and tries to introduce his wife to reading, but she sees no point in it. Montag later contacts a retired literature professor Faber to learn more about books.

He’s first terrified of Montag but agrees to help after Guy starts ripping a book apart. Montag is given a phone device to offer him guidance. Montag’s attempt at reading a book during one of his wife’s TV-watching parties proves disastrous. He’s soon reported to the firemen by Mildred and is ordered to burn his own house down.

Guy does as told, but captain Beatty finds the earpiece and threatens to kill Fabian. This situation forces Montag to kill the chief. He then goes fleeing from the city while being chased by terrifying mechanical killer dogs. Montag escapes and joins a community of former intellectuals. They are aware of the coming war and plan to hide until it ends.

Fahrenheit 451 book ends with the total destruction of the city. But the community’s leader Granger believes it to be a good opportunity to rebuild society all over again. Much like the phoenix rising from its ashes after death, humanity can learn from its mistakes and rebuild anew.

Fahrenheit 451 Summary

Fahrenheit 451: Movie

In 2018, the novel got its second movie adaptation. It takes place after a second civil war. Much like in the original, in the 2018 Fahrenheit 451 movie, society is kept obedient by drugs and TV news. Everything is being controlled by the government. Television sets are placed in every home and street to keep the population under control. Montag and Captain Beatty are other firemen in Cleveland.

Their job is to hunt down book-collecting rebels. So, Montag burns any books he finds to erase the memory of such individuals. Captain Beatty seems to play both sides. Sometimes he’s helpful or harmful to Montag’s pursuit of knowledge. In the Fahrenheit 451 movie, the central government discovers that rebels want to record every book in existence into DNA.

This DNA will later spread around the world, thus ensuring that books never disappear. But, first, they have to get the DNA to Canada, where there’s no practice of book burning. In this adaptation, Montag’s neighbor Clarisse brings him to a revel hideout. He’s tasked with finding a suitable tracking device for a bird implanted with the DNA.

Montag’s plan is to use a tracking device utilized by the firemen. He succeeds but at the cost of his own life. This is a direct opposite of Montag’s and Beatty’s confrontation in the novel. In the Fahrenheit 451 movie, Guy sacrifices himself for the sake of knowledge.

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There are many Fahrenheit 451 quotes that are essential to the story. They help deliver Bradbury’s message about the dangers of passive entertainment. Yet, several Fahrenheit 451 quotes describe some of the novel’s most important arguments and ideas.

  • “It was a pleasure to burn. It was a special pleasure to see things eaten, to see things blackened and changed.”

This opening sentence tells everything about Montag’s early disposition at the beginning of the story and how Montag feels. It also explains the main motive of the book. Humans prefer to cut corners and find an easy solution instead of investing in anything worth the effort.

  • “Serenity, Montag. Peace, Montag. Take your fight outside. Better yet, into the incinerator.”

This line from firemen, that Beatty tells Montag perfectly summarizes his character. Why bother with anything complex if it can be destroyed and life kept simple? Bradbury uses this line to describe a slippery slope created by accepting an intolerance for ideas.

The novel has a lot of other quotes that you can use as an inspiration for your papers. For example, if you need to write a dissertation, you can view dissertation topics and use one of them. Also, in our blog you can see examples of coursework .

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Fahrenheit 451

Ray bradbury, everything you need for every book you read..

Welcome to the LitCharts study guide on Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451 . Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world's best literature guides.

Fahrenheit 451: Introduction

Fahrenheit 451: plot summary, fahrenheit 451: detailed summary & analysis, fahrenheit 451: themes, fahrenheit 451: quotes, fahrenheit 451: characters, fahrenheit 451: symbols, fahrenheit 451: theme wheel, brief biography of ray bradbury.

Fahrenheit 451 PDF

Historical Context of Fahrenheit 451

Other books related to fahrenheit 451.

  • Full Title: Fahrenheit 451
  • When Written: 1947–1953
  • Where Written: The United States
  • When Published: 1953
  • Literary Period: Modern American
  • Genre: Dystopian novel
  • Setting: An unnamed city in America in the future
  • Climax: Montag's escape from the Mechanical Hound; the bombing of the city
  • Antagonist: Captain Beatty; the Mechanical Hound
  • Point of View: Third person

Extra Credit for Fahrenheit 451

Fahrenheit on film: Fahrenheit 451 was made into a movie by acclaimed French director Francois Truffaut in 1966. A new filmed version has been in the works for over a decade. Ray Bradbury reportedly took offense at the title of Michael Moore's controversial documentary, Fahrenheit 9/11 , though apparently not for political reasons.

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Essays on Fahrenheit 451

Hook examples for "fahrenheit 451" essays, anecdotal hook.

Picture a world where books are banned and burned. In Ray Bradbury's "Fahrenheit 451," this dystopian nightmare comes to life. Join us on a journey through the pages of this thought-provoking novel.

Question Hook

What happens to a society when it outlaws literature and intellectual freedom? Delve into the consequences and symbolism behind the burning of books in "Fahrenheit 451."

Quotation Hook

"There must be something in books, things we can't imagine, to make a woman stay in a burning house." — Ray Bradbury. Explore the power of literature and its role in challenging oppressive regimes.

Statistical or Factual Hook

Did you know that "Fahrenheit 451" is not just a novel, but also the temperature at which paper ignites? Uncover the symbolism and themes in this classic work of dystopian fiction.

Definition Hook

What does it mean to live in a "Fahrenheit 451" society? Examine the characteristics of this fictional dystopia and its parallels in the real world.

Rhetorical Question Hook

Is "Fahrenheit 451" a warning about the dangers of censorship, or does it offer a broader critique of a shallow and apathetic society? Analyze the layers of meaning in Bradbury's work.

Historical Hook

Step back into the 1950s and explore the historical context in which Ray Bradbury wrote "Fahrenheit 451." How did the Cold War and McCarthyism influence this dystopian vision?

Contrast Hook

Contrast the firemen in "Fahrenheit 451," who burn books, with traditional firefighters who save lives. Explore the irony and symbolism in the novel's portrayal of fire.

Narrative Hook

Follow the transformation of Guy Montag, a fireman turned book lover, as he navigates a world where knowledge is forbidden. Join him on his quest for truth and intellectual freedom.

Controversial Statement Hook

Prepare to dive into the controversy surrounding censorship and the suppression of dissenting voices, as depicted in "Fahrenheit 451," and its relevance in today's world.

How "Fahrenheit 451" Connects to Modern Times

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Understanding The Role of Guy Montag as Portrayed by Bradbury in Fahrenheit 451

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October 19, 1953

Ray Bradbury

Dystopian Novel

Noel, Science Fiction, Political Fiction, Dystopian Fiction

Guy Montag, Clarisse McClellan, Beatty, Mildred Montag, Faber, Mrs. Ann Bowles, Mrs. Clara Phelps, Stoneman, Black, Granger

It has been adapted from Ray Bradbury's short story called "The Fireman".

Future, dystopian future, fire as the salvation and fire as the destroying power, the Phoenix as the bird that rises from the ashes, the technology. The symbolism of blood is always appearing through the novel as the power that deals with the repressed soul and the primal functions of the body. Finally, the Salamander is the symbol of immortality and rebirth, a passion to stand against the flame.

Fahrenheit 451 is the mirror of the human soul and is one of the greatest novels by Ray Bradbury because it is the powerful stance against censorship and the art of writing and reading that are both required to keep humanity safe and civilized.

The book is telling about some dystopian society where the specially-trained firemen burn the books to keep dangerous ideas and sad concepts under control. The novel revolves around Guy Montag, a fireman who goes against the book burning principles and passes transformation and sufferings because of his thoughts.

  • The concept for the book has been inspired by the practice of Hitler related to burning books.
  • One of the most popular misconceptions about the book title is the temperature at which the book paper can catch fire. Still, Fahrenheit 451 refers to the auto-ignition point when the paper starts to burn.
  • The first version has been written on a rented typewriter in a library basement.
  • Ray Bradbury has spent $9.80 on his rented typewriter, which means that the first story called "The Fireman" has been written in about 49 hours.
  • Originally, Ray Bradbury was going to write about the dangers of television.
  • According to Bradbury, his passion for reading did not ever keep him away from TV.
  • Bradbury often said that Fahrenheit 451 is probably his only work that he could relate to science fiction.
  • "He was not happy. He was not happy. He said the words to himself. He recognized this as the true state of affairs. He wore his happiness like a mask and the girl had run off across the lawn with the mask and there was no way of going to knock on her door and ask for it back.”
  • “‘We need not to be let alone. We need to be really bothered once in a while. How long is it since you were really bothered? About something important, about something real?'”
  • “There must be something in books, things we can’t imagine, to make a woman stay in a burning house; there must be something there. You don’t stay for nothing.'”
  • “‘A book is a loaded gun in the house next door. Burn it. Take the shot from the weapon.'”
  • “‘Books were only one type of receptacle where we stored a lot of things we were afraid we might forget. There is nothing magical in them, at all. The magic is only in what books say, how they stitched the patches of the universe together into one garment for us.'”

The book speaks about censorship and going against the system and technology. As Montag is united with the survivors who are striving to memorize and recite the books, it has an almost Biblical essence to it.

It can be used for any college essay paper that deals with dystopian society, politics, reading, education, and, most importantly, censorship. It is one of the most important books that tell us about taking our thoughts and ideas under control. You can use this analogy to talk about censorship online, college ideas that are overturned, your family life, and living in modern society.

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fahrenheit 451 essay introduction

Writing Explained

Fahrenheit 451 Summary and Analysis

Home » Literature Explained – Literary Synopses and Book Summaries » Fahrenheit 451 » Fahrenheit 451 Summary and Analysis

Fahrenheit 451 Summary – Introduction  

Fahrenheit 451 is a futuristic science fiction novel showing the dangers of censorship. Written in the early 1950s, it reflects the fears that manifested during America’s “Atomic Age,” during which arms races and development of weapons of mass destruction made tensions high.

The novel explores a man’s search for deeper meaning in life after a strange neighbor asks him if he’s happy. When he realizes that he is not, in fact, happy, he begins to harbor an obsession towards books and turns to them for answers. He quits his job as a fireman (book burner) and risks everything to reject the censorship imposed by the authorities.

Amid a blossoming war, Montag finds hope that he may be able to help society in its rebuilding phase once the war is over by bringing literature and philosophy to society once again.

Fahrenheit 451 Literary Elements

fahrenheit 451 synopsis

Type of Work: Novel

Genres : Science fiction

Published Date: 1953

Setting: In the vicinity of an unspecified American city sometime in the 24th century

Main Characters: Guy Montag, Captain Beatty, Mildred

Protagonist: Guy Montag

Antagonist: Captain Beatty

Major Thematic Elements: Censorship as a tool; knowledge vs. ignorance; the dangers of dissatisfaction and ennui

Motifs: Paradoxes; elements of nature; religion; television and radio  

Exposition: Guy Montag is introduced as a fireman in a futuristic American city who burns books for a living. After a day’s work, he returns home to meet his new neighbor, an inquisitive seventeen-year-old girl named Clarisse McClellan.

Conflict: Man vs. society

Plot: Chronological with jumps from past tense to present tense occasionally interrupting.

Major Symbols: Fire; blood; the Electric-Eyed Snake; the salamander; the phoenix; the dandelion; the hearth; the Denham’s Dentifrice ad; mirrors.

Climax: Montag murders his boss, Beatty.

Literary Significance of Fahrenheit 451  

fahrenheit 451 resolution

During the Cold War, tensions rose as massively destructive weapons were being developed in an arms race and fears spread about authoritarian dictatorships. The United States represented an ideal that people could live freely without the threat of being censored, like other countries such as Russia were experiencing. The novel explores the dangers of a government that tries to control its people through censorship. In this case, reading is illegal, and books are burned any time they are discovered.

After the novel was published and received widespread critical success, Bradbury produced it into a format for theater. Spanning mediums, it’s no surprise that the novel’s themes and messages reached wide audiences and resonated strongly with Cold War America.

Since the publishing of this novel, Bradbury has received endless awards and accolades for his contributions to the science fiction genre. Given his status as an author and the historical/political significance of the novel, it’s no surprise that Fahrenheit 451 is still widely studied today.

Fahrenheit 451 Book Summary  

Fahrenheit 451 is divided into three parts: The Hearth and the Salamander , The Sieve and the Sand , and Burning Bright.

The Hearth and the Salamander

fahrenheit 451 ending

When Montag returns home, he realizes that he is not happy. He finds his wife, Mildred, in bed listening to earplug radios which are called “Seashells.” As he is getting into bed, he kicks over a bottle of sleeping pills and realizes that his wife has taken too many. He calls the hospital and two hospital workers show up to pump Mildred’s stomach with what Montag calls the “Snake.” Outside, Montag can hear laughter coming from the McClellan house.

As he’s leaving for work the next morning, Montag sees Clarisse outside catching raindrops on her tongue. She rubs a dandelion under his chin, explaining that pollen will rub off if he is in love. He is embarrassed when no pollen rubs off. Montag learns that Clarisse is forced to see psychiatrists regularly by the authorities because of her inclination for independent thought. After she leaves, Montag tilts his head back to catch raindrops on his tongue.

Montag continues to see Clarisse and talk to her every day for a week. At work, he asks his boss and coworkers if firefighters ever put out fires instead of starting them. They show him the fireman’s rulebook, which says that the Firemen of America were established in 1790 by Benjamin Franklin to burn books of English influence. Later, they go to an old woman’s house to burn her collection of books. Montag pockets one of the books. The old woman refuses to leave her collection and burns with the books.

Montag hides his stolen book under his pillow at home and tries to engage in conversation with Mildred. However, she only wants to talk about her “TV family” and then takes sleeping pills. Montag worries she will try and take more later. Montag asks Mildred if she would mind if he took time off from work—he is shaken about what happened to the old lady. He also tells Mildred he hasn’t seen Clarisse in several days. Mildred tells him that the McClellans moved away and Clarisse was hit by a car and killed.

When Montag calls out sick from work, Captain Beatty comes to check in on him. Beatty tells Montag that every fireman struggles like him at some point, and he gives a crazed monologue about the history of the profession. Beatty tells Montag that he should not forget how important the fireman’s job is for the overall happiness of society. When Beatty leaves, Montag tells Mildred that he is going to quit his job and he shows her his secret stash of about 20 books. She tries to burn them, but he won’t let her.

The Sieve and the Sand

how does fahrenheit 451 end

When Montag meets with Faber, he is told that books aren’t the answer to his unhappiness—it’s a deeper meaning about life that he seeks the answers to. Faber explains that to do this with books, people need the luxury of being able to sit with a book, digest its content, reflect on it, etc. Faber and Montag look forward to a coming war in which the people finally rebel against the authorities. This, they hope, will bring a renaissance to literature. Faber doesn’t want to help Montag initially on his quest to bring books back to the public interest, but he finally agrees to. Faber gives Montag a small radio to wear in his ear so that the two can communicate regularly.

Burning Bright

plot overview of fahrenheit 451

Montag returns to Faber’s house and learns that there is a massive manhunt for him. He grabs some of Beatty’s clothes and flees to the river. Once there, he changes into Faber’s clothes to get rid of his scent so that the mechanical hounds can’t chase him. Montag drifts downstream into the country. Once there, he finds a group called the “Book People” who welcome him. This group of book lovers are laying low until the war is over, hoping to orchestrate a rebuilding of society afterwards. To do this, they will bring philosophy and literature to society once more. Fighter jets appear in the sky and the outcasts watch as the city is destroyed with bombs. They decide to travel back to what was once the city to look for survivors and to help rebuild.  

Fahrenheit 451 Book Review – Essay & Analysis + Topics

  • Introduction
  • Book Review
  • Top 10 Essay Topics

Fahrenheit 451 is considered Ray Bradbury’s masterpiece. The society that he depicted in the novel is so far removed from the one we live in today. At the same time, they are so similar.

This is just one of the Fahrenheit 451 essay examples. You can use it as an example for your next school assignment. This essay on Fahrenheit 451 has four sections and a list of FAQs at the end.

Fahrenheit 451: Essay Introduction

More than 50 years ago, Ray Bradbury, in Fahrenheit 451, suggested that one day books and reading will be destroyed. Television, the Internet, and an increasing influence of movies will take over. Now more than ever, this prediction seems very precise and, in a way, even prophetic. Today societies and countries implement different strategies for preserving languages and literature. Passing written and oral traditions from generation to generation became a critical task. Every time a language dies, we lose essential information stored in it.

It is not a secret that English became the language of international communication. Even more so with the advent of the Internet. The world is becoming smaller and smaller, languages and dialects disappear every day. The books, written in those languages, the knowledge recorded in them, the lessons that people learned disappear too.

Nevertheless, the global web, globalization, and digitalization helped with the spread of literacy. People can access and read any book they want, even in the most distant places in the world. Your device became the most extensive library you could imagine. In many countries, even traditional physical libraries moved towards digitalization. Today they offer e-libraries instead of physical copies.

Literature is the finest example of the way people can use their linguistic ability. Therefore, it should be preserved.

Fictional texts not only demonstrate the power of the human imagination. They also reveal the world we live in. It does not merely reflect it as a mirror but serves as a magnifying glass. Books can show things that are hidden from our eyes, making us think and question. It can help us become more aware and awake. One of these books is Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451.

Fahrenheit 451: Book Review

No matter if this book was on your summer list, or you simply decided to read it for pleasure. This essay aims to guide you to understand some of the significant aspects of this novel.

Initially, the novel was born out of the short story called The Fireman. However, later on, Ray Bradbury developed this short story into a book called Fahrenheit 451. It is a dystopian novel, which in the literary terminology means an imaginary civilization or state in which happiness is unattainable. As readers later see, it is unattainable in the society Ray Bradbury created.

To portray a dystopian society, writers portray a caricature to their one in the future. It’s in the case of Fahrenheit 451. They emphasize the negative traits of the society they live in, trying to predict what will happen in the future. Ray Bradbury was one of the first writers who used science fiction for social criticism.

Fahrenheit 451 is a novel set in a country similar to the USA in the twenty-fourth century. The government, which Ray Bradbury describes, is a form of despotism. It tries to cover itself with the help of digital media and overdeveloped television. In this world of constant entertainment, the government banned all the books. Even possession of anything written is a serious crime. The main character of the novel is a “fireman” called Guy Montag. His job is to destroy books and the collective knowledge recorded in them.

In the world depicted by Ray Bradbury, “the fireman” is no longer serving society or acts heroically. He has to burn books and destroy knowledge. Therefore, the title of the book “Fahrenheit 451” refers to the temperature at which paper sets on fire.

The novel has an ideal character named Clarisse McClellan. She represents everything good in this world. She is smart, passionate, and she is not satisfied with superficial knowledge. Somehow she did not lose the ability to think freely. She plays the role of a foil for Guy Montag. He is the most typical person, and there is nothing extraordinary about him. Even the fact that Ray Bradbury named him “guy” proves his mediocracy. He does his job well and does not ask any questions. He is the product of his environment.

Instead of saving people, he burns books. He is married but finds himself in love with Clarisse. Guy Montag does not have the word “love” in his vocabulary, nor does he understand what it is. He always thought that romantic love was a human invention. However, Clarisse invokes true feelings of love in him. He starts speaking romantically about her, “Her face, turned to him now, was a fragile milk crystal with a soft and constant light in it.” The warmness of Clarisse is juxtaposed with the coldness of Mildred, his wife.

Mildred is an abnormality even in the world we live in today. She spends most of her time watching television walls. Ignoring the problems and the world around her, the woman is only worried about the program schedule. However, even with constant entertainment and medication, the fact that she is unhappy cannot be concealed. At the beginning of the book, Mildren attempts to commit suicide.

Another peculiar character in the book is Captain Beatty, Montag’s superior. He is the only character in the novel that has extensive knowledge of the past. Yet, he doesn’t know how to use it (or chooses not to use it). He visits Montag and tells him about books and its censorship. He also says that if a firefighter is caught having a book in his house, he will be obliged to burn it in 24 hours. If he refuses, then the other firemen will burn his house down.

Over the years, Montag was hiding books in his house. However, he never dared to read them. When Mildred learns that Montag was secretly bringing books into their home, she wants to destroy them. Montag tells her that they will read them together, and see if the books have any value.

Throughout the novel, Montag goes through what we would call a slow conscious awareness. He starts as a dedicated fireman, goes into the process of doubts. In the end, he rebels against the system.

Fahrenheit 451: Analysis

In the essay on Fahrenheit 451, one of the most dominant symbols in the novel is fire. It was one of the first principle tools of human civilization: protection from animals, protection from cold, a tool to cook food.

One of the most significant tales of the Western literary tradition centers around the fire as well. The Greek Myth of Prometheus is often mentioned in science fiction works. Prometheus loved people so much so that he stole fire from gods. He gave it to people to help them survive, infuriating the divines. For this act of disobedience, the gods severely punished Prometheus. They ensured that every day an eagle ate his liver while Prometheus was chained to a mountain.

This myth teaches us one essential lesson: fire can be dangerous if it is not used with care. A fire pit can warm the house. Though, if no one controls it, it can burn the whole house down.

The symbolism of fire in Fahrenheit 451 is connected to technology. Just like fire, technology has a double-nature. It is useful but can take over our lives and become dangerous.

In the novel, not the people but the books become the main counter-force to despotism. Books represent humanity, an idealized society that once existed. People are mortal, so they come and go. Books, on the opposite, contain the legacy of the whole human race. In cases when people lose their humanity, books can serve as a reminder.

Phoenix is another important symbol of the novel. It is connected with fire and the hope for rebirth. Captain Beatty wears the signs of the Phoenix on his hat, which is quite intriguing. He also drives a “Phoenix car.” After burning Beatty to death, Montag is forced to abandon the city and become an outcast. This isolation means an intellectual rebirth.

The mechanical hound is another peculiar symbol of the novel. Even though it looks more like a spider than like a dog, as “its eight legs spidered under it on rubber-padded paws.” In the novel, the mechanical hound represents the state and its control.

Fahrenheit 451: Essay Conclusion

Fahrenheit 451 is a 1950’s prediction of the way the future will be. What we see today corresponds with the world created by Ray Bradbury. People became addicted to social media, to their devices, to TV. Everyone is growing tolerance to violence and murder. The dystopian society illustrated in the novel can serve as an eye-opener for the current one. It also can serve as a reminder that life is fast, and happiness is not always easy to attain.

🏆 Top 10 Best Fahrenheit 451 Essay Topics

  • Transformation and Growth: Evolving Identities in Fahrenheit 451
  • The Loss of Critical Thinking: Discuss the Absence of Intellectual Discourse in Fahrenheit 451
  • The Power of Language: Analyze the Importance of Communication in Fahrenheit and its Impact on Society
  • Psychological Analysis of Fahrenheit 451 Characters
  • Illuminating Literary Devices: Enhancing Meaning in Fahrenheit 451
  • Decoding the Narrative Structure of Fahrenheit 451
  • Analyzing the Motivation of Characters in Fahrenheit 451
  • Fahrenheit 451: Social Critique and Contemporary Relevance
  • Propaganda & Persuasion: Media Influence in Fahrenheit 451
  • Fahrenheit 451 Novel as a Mirror to Modern Technological Obsessions

Fahrenheit 451 Analysis Essay – FAQ

How does fahrenheit 451 relate to real life.

In Fahrenheit 451, there is a profound message and a warning. Ray Bradbury is warning about the influence of media and constant entertainment. Excessive reliance on technology is also an issue. In the world dominated by screens, there will be no place for genuine connections and original thinking.

What is the Fahrenheit 451 conclusion?

The book ends with Montag escaping the city to the countryside amid another declaration of war. He joins intellectuals who preserve books and pass it to the next generation. We do not know if the new society will emerge after the war. However, the ending is hopeful.

Does paper actually burn at 451?

It is true that different types of paper burn at different temperatures. Generally speaking, the ignition temperature of paper is 451 degrees Fahrenheit, or 233 degrees Celsius. It also gets hotter once it burns.

What is the moral of Fahrenheit 451?

The moral of the book is that if society wants to thrive and exist, it needs to develop freedom of speech. It also needs to continue to wrestle with difficult ideas, encouraging human to human interaction. The world, in which people do not feel compassion, cannot survive.

What does Fahrenheit 451 symbolize?

The Fahrenheit 451 symbolizes a society, in which technology has a lot of power. Here, those who can think for themselves are treated as outcasts. Books in the novel represent real life and its quality. Without genuine emotions, knowledge, thinking, people cannot be happy.

How is our society different from Fahrenheit 451?

A society in Fahrenheit 451 is more authoritarian. People are heavily medicated and cannot connect on an emotional basis. Another difference is that in Fahrenheit 541, digital addiction is far more extreme. Even though we do have social media addiction, people are still able to think freely.

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fahrenheit 451 essay introduction

  • My Preferences
  • My Reading List
  • Fahrenheit 451

Ray Bradbury

  • Literature Notes
  • The Issue of Censorship and Fahrenheit 451
  • Book Summary
  • About Fahrenheit 451
  • Character List
  • Summary and Analysis
  • Character Analysis
  • Captain Beatty
  • Clarisse McClellan
  • Professor Faber
  • Mildred Montag
  • The Mechanical Hound
  • Character Map
  • Ray Bradbury Biography
  • Critical Essays
  • Dystopian Fiction and Fahrenheit 451
  • Comparison of the Book and Film Versions of Fahrenheit 451
  • Ray Bradbury's Fiction
  • Full Glossary for Fahrenheit 451
  • Essay Questions
  • Practice Projects
  • Cite this Literature Note

Critical Essays The Issue of Censorship and Fahrenheit 451

Bradbury ties personal freedom to the right of an individual having the freedom of expression when he utilizes the issue of censorship in  Fahrenheit 451 . The First Amendment to the United States Constitution reads:

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for redress of grievances.

The common reading of the First Amendment is that commitment to free speech is not the acceptance of only non-controversial expressions that enjoy general approval. To accept a commitment to the First Amendment means, in the words of Justice Holmes, "freedom for what we hate." As quoted in Students' Right to Read (NCTE, 1982), "Censorship leaves students with an inadequate and distorted picture of the ideals, values, and problems of their culture. Writers may often be the spokesmen of their culture, or they may stand to the side, attempting to describe and evaluate that culture. Yet, partly because of censorship or the fear of censorship, many writers are ignored or inadequately represented in the public schools, and many are represented in anthologies not by their best work but by their safest or least offensive work." What are the issues involved in censorship?

Imagine that a group wants to ban Fahrenheit 451 because Montag defies authority. For the sake of the argument, assume for a moment that you wish to "ban" Fahrenheit 451 from the library shelves. To do so, you must do a number of things. First, you must establish why defying authority is wrong. What are its consequences? What are the probable effects on youth to see flagrant disregard of authority? (In regard to these questions, you may want to read Plato's Apology to get a sense of how to argue the position.) Second, you must have some theory of psychology, either implied or directly stated. That is, you must establish how a reading of Fahrenheit 451 would inspire a student to flagrantly disregard authority. Why is reading bad for a student? How can it be bad? Next, you must establish how a student who reads Fahrenheit 451 will read the book and extract from it a message that says "Defy Authority Whenever Possible" and then act on this message.

You must then reconcile whatever argument you construct with the responsibilities that accompany accepting the rights of the First Amendment. Perhaps you should consider and think about the issues of free speech and fundamental rights that you may not have considered before. Indeed, you may conclude that you can't claim your own right to expression if you have the right to suppress others rights to express themselves.

In looking at censorship in Fahrenheit 451 , Bradbury sends a very direct message showing readers what can happen if they allow the government to take total control of what they do (or do not) read, watch, and discuss. For example, the government in Fahrenheit 451 has taken control and demanded that books be given the harshest measure of censorship — systematic destruction by burning.

Although the books and people have fallen victims to censorship in Fahrenheit 451 , luckily, some citizens remain who are willing to sacrifice their lives to ensure that books remain alive. As Faber notes in a conversation with Montag, "It's not books you need, it's some of the things that once were in books." Faber then continues this conversation with Montag pointing out that people need "the right to carry out actions based on what we learn [from books]. . . ."

Because the government has censored so much in its society, the citizens in Fahrenheit 451 have no idea about what is truly happening in their world. A direct result of their limited knowledge is that their entire city is destroyed because propaganda wouldn't allow individuals to see that their destruction was imminent.

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Narrative Structure in Bradbury’s “Fahrenheit 451” Essay


The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury follows the steps of a narrative structure. The typical structure of a story includes exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. Ray Bradbury includes all of these steps in his short story making it possible to trace the development of the plot from the beginning until the end. The plot revolves around a fireman named Guy Montag and his choices. The actions of Montag and the changes in his view of the world mark the transition between elements of the story narrative structure.

In the exposition of the story, Guy Montag is introduced as a typical fireman of his time. The description of his pleasure at the sight of the burning fire, his actions, and the results of his doings speak strongly about a prominent change in the society of the future outlined by Bradbury. The exposition is presented by emotions and thoughts of the main character, and his interactions with other characters. Therefore, the place of action remains unspecified. By this ambiguousness, the author underlines that the latitude and longitude are not important. He describes the situation that can develop in every place in the world. The dialogue between Guy Montag and Clarisse McClellan presents information about the world they live in comparing it with the reality of Ray Bradbury. The introduction of Clarisse McClellan serves as a preface for the rising of action (Bradbury 4). Her questions disturb Guy Montag’s view of the world. Being a man of action, he is not used to analyzing his doings. Clarisse makes him question his happiness which will lead to the further development of the main character and the narrative.

The rising action is marked by Guy Montag’s intensive analysis of the life he leads and the world he lives in. He questions his happiness watching other people surrounding him. The attempts of his wife to commit suicide out of no particular reason serve as another driver for Montag to change his view of the world. In the exposition, he has been sure about his every action and enjoyed his job. As the majority of people around him, he has not analyzed the issues of life letting others do it for him. The rising action is developing with his will to find answers to his questions. The introduction of the Mechanical Hound is an important moment as it expresses the hidden fears of the main character (Bradbury 11).

The accident with a woman who lets firemen burn herself with her books changes his perception of his job. The rising conflict between Guy Montag and the society is outlined in his dialogues with his wife and Fire Captain Beatty. All further actions have a snowball effect that will lead to the outburst of the main conflict and climax of the story. Montag’s outburst of emotions in his dialogue with Captain Beatty is a clear sign of the development of the character (Bradbury 61). All other people around him live suppressing their feelings on the subconscious level. Montag’s realization of anger as his own emotion drives him to the conclusion that he has to read books to understand himself and the society. The disappearance of Clarisse and dialogues with Captain Beatty feed Montag’s fears and deductions concerning the importance of books. The decision of Montag to take and read some books that he is supposed to burn is the key moment that leads to the climax.

The climax of the story comes when Montag and other firemen drive to his own house. It marks the complete destruction of Montag’s previous life. He is left without a place to live and needs to run away from society. He comes face to face with all his fears. Montag encounters and flees from the Mechanical Hound. His pursuit and escape are the main outcomes of his conflict with society. After Montag jumps into the river, the climax ends with the change from the society of the city to the countryside with a limited group of people who are willing to pass the books they read to the future generations.

The following narration is characterized by the falling action. Montag’s conflict with society moves to the background as he learns new ways of living from the scholars in the countryside. The falling of action is marked by Montag’s realization of his place in life and the purpose of his existence. He has found answers to questions presented in the exposition of the story. The resolution of the conflict that has developed from the rising of action until the climax completes Montag’s development as a person. The further narration touches upon his plans for the future as a part of the scholars’ group.

The resolution comes with the destruction of Montag’s previous society by atomic bombs. This moment marks the beginning of a new era for people to build a better society on the ashes of the old city. Montag looks into the future contemplating how books will help them to create a new world.

In his short story, Ray Bradbury follows all the steps of a narrative structure. All elements of the plot are closely connected to the development of the main character. The story starts with the arising conflict between Guy Montag and the people around him and ends with the destruction of the society as a resolution of this confrontation.

Bradbury, Ray. Fahrenheit 451 . Simon & Schuster, 2013.

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Essays on Fahrenheit 451

Fahrenheit 451: television takeover.

The novel Fahrenheit 451 written by Ray Bradbury exemplifies a world of technological takeover much like present day society. Television is the medium with the greatest socialization effect surpassing all the other social media by far in its influence on society. Television and technology can be seen in homes, schools and even prisons, it is […]

Fahrenheit 451 Book Review

In the novel fahrenheit 451 by ray bradbury you can discover the theme of knowledge is joyful and painful by analyzing tone,point of view and setting. In fahrenheit 451 the tone was very futuristic and gloomy. The world is portrayed in the novel it is a dictatorial police state filled with strange technological modernizations that […]

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Fahrenheit 451: How Montag Changed Throughout The Novel

“So it was the hand that started it all… His hands had been infected, and soon it would be his arms… His hands were ravenous.”- Guy Montag. Throughout the book Fahrenheit 451 Montag’s actions, appearance and thoughts have changed drastically. Montag himself is a fireman and has never seen an issue with the way he […]

Analysis of Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury

Fahrenheit 451 introduces a new world in which control of the masses by the media, overpopulation. The individual is not accepted and the intellectual is considered an outlaw. Television has replaced the common perception of family. Books are considered evil because they make people question and think. Strict rules and order are forced upon the […]

Mirrors of Fahrenheit 451 Society Through Censorship Today

Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 is a utopian and dystopian fiction novel that talks about the censorship of books. Through the use of vivid imagery, Ray Bradbury shows us the authoritarian society that causes many conflicts. The authoritarian society is demonstrated through many ways including censorship. Censorship is the prohibition of books and media that are […]

Literary Elements in Fahrenheit 451

In countless books or novels, literary devices are usually one of the many driving elements that determine the fate of the story and the characters within it. Authors generally utilize literary devices to help depict, build, and eventually develop themes within their works. In the novel, Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, literary elements play a […]

Knowledge Vs Ignorance Fahrenheit 451 Essay

“‘And I should think you’d consider me sometimes. If we had a fourth wall, why it’d be just like this room wasn’t ours at all, but all kinds of exotic people’s rooms. We could do without a few things,” which is what Mildred tells Montag (Bradbury 18). Mildred would want distractions that televisions her instead […]

The Moral of Roman Fahrenheit 451

One of the best main conflicts that I see in the book Fahrenheit 451 is Man vs Society. The character of Mr. Montag he is just a regular citizen who is a very hard working fire fighter, Living and giving his all as he is working in a society that people have very little interactions. […]

The Concept of The Fahrenheit 451 Plot

I think the theme of this book is Freedom because people in 451 feel like they are being watched and they are wanting to be able to read and not feel like they are being watched. In the literary work fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, the reader is introduced to 451, and it’s about burning […]

A Comparison of “Veld,” and “Fahrenheit 451”

“Technological progress is like an axe in the hands of a pathological criminal.” -Albert Einstein. The use of this quote alludes to the fact of how technology can ultimately destroy a person’s way of doing, and progress of an individual in today’s society. On a broader spectrum, it constructs the thought of how technology can […]

How Would The Hero of Fahrenheit 451 Guy Montag Influence Society in “I Am Malala”

The main character of the book Fahrenheit 451 from the first trimester, Guy Montag, would respond to change in the world of the character, Malala, from I Am Malala, by trying to make people work to change society and make it better. Guy Montag tried to help people in his world in a very similar […]

The Plot of The Book Fahrenheit 451

The story takes place in an unspecified future in America, where the reading of books is abandoned. If someone is caught owning them, he is sent to a mental hospital and his books are burned, or he is condemned to immediate death. People are not interested in politics or world issues, their only entertainment now […]

Comparisons of The Dystopian Works “1984” and “Fahrenheit 451”

Dystopian literature has been around for quite some time, shaping the minds of young readers. However, in the course of recent decades, it has turned out to be increasingly popular, especially after the turn of the century. In a time of fear and anxiety, the dystopian genre has become more popular in pop culture, in […]

A Comparison of The Novels “Looking Backward” and “Fahrenheit 451”

The 19th century was a time of constant battle where no one was satisfied or happy with what was occurring. Many people dreamed of a different lifestyle for America and overall wanted change. The two novels, Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy and Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, share the flaws going on in the American […]

“Frahrenheit 451” and “The Crucible”: Dehumanization

Dehumanization is the mental process of demonizing the enemy, addressing them as less human and not deserving of human treatment. Throughout the course of the long-lasting struggle, violence, fear, and mistrust the way that the people see each other. In Fahrenheit 451 and The Crucible societies, there’s dehumanization, uncivil governments, and environmental disasters. Examining the […]

Farenheit 451: Ignorance Isn’t Really Blissful

There are a lot of connections between Fahrenheit 451 and the Cold War. The novel of Fahrenheit 451 reflects the period it was made in. Its themes of information, censorship, and ignorance are reflective of the ideas from the Cold War itself. The war causes thoughts about the future of the country—some of those thoughts […]

The Opposing Traits of Montag and Clarissa

A foil is defined as a character that shows qualities that are in contrast with the qualities of another character. Foils are used to highlight the opposing traits in each character. In Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451, Clarisse McClellan and Mildred Montag are presented as foils. Their individual traits are so opposite of each other that […]

Censorship in Today’s World

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The Classical Hero’s Journey of Guy Montag in the Novel, Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury

Ray Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 is a dystopian novel set in a future where books are outlawed and any that are found are burned by firemen. Guy Montag, one of these firemen, meets a seventeen-year-old girl named Clarisse McClellan who causes him to question society and become increasingly dissatisfied with his life. This drives him to steal […]

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This future society wants its citizens to be equally intelligent. The lack of knowledge within a society is a bothersome aspect of the novel Fahrenheit 451. Books give people the knowledge to think about their future. No matter what kind of books-fairy tales, biographies, or bibles- without knowledge, it creates conflicts without a reasonable resolution. Though most people in this society don’t notice their lack of knowledge, those who have books do. Citizens in this future society found books offensive, so the firemen burn books to make equality as intelligence, now no one feels outsmarted. With a non-reading society is a non-thinking society. Without thinking; they won’t have any knowledge and won’t understand what happened in the past to accomplish a better future. “There was a silly bird called a phoenix…., every few hundred years he built a pyre and burn himself up…But every few hundred years he sprang out of the ashes, he got himself born all over again. And it looks like we’re doing the same thing, over and over, but we got one thing the Phoenix never had.” (Bradbury 162) The Phoenix symbolizes the citizens in this society. They keep starting conflicts, such as war, but they never stop to start another one.

The Phoenix kept coming back and repeats what he’s always done, just like these citizens. But they have one thing the Phoenix didn’t have; knowledge from books. With history books, they can understand why they keep having wars and put an end to it, but they can’t and won’t. Without the knowledge from books, how will they ever find a resolution to their conflicts? Doesn’t it just bother you to have a mindless world? If they feel outsmarted, just push them to thrive for the best. With equality how can anyone feel they’ve achieved something if they’re all equally intelligent. The lack of knowledge within a society is a bothersome aspect of the novel Fahrenheit 451. Fahrenheit 451 Literary Analysis Essay Test — Part II Throughout the novel Fahrenheit 451, Guy Montag faces many conflicts, this includes man vs. man, man vs self but most importantly, man vs. society. But all of these conflicts are all involved together by a certain reason the reader can notice. In this future society, the government has banned books. Books make people feel outsmarted so, they ban them to represent equality, now everyone feels they’ve accomplished something great. These citizens are connected through technology, not with each other.

One day when he meets an odd girl named Clarisse he begins to identify who he is. Clarisse is not normal for this time period. She wants to understand the past and be herself, she doesn’t want to watch TV all day or murder people for fun. Having these “different” features classifies her as odd. Montag thinks about why the world is the way it is. The government controls how each citizen plays a role in this society. Montag as a firefighter has to burn these books the people find to provide happiness to others. When Clarisse goes missing, Montag misses having a person seeing things in their un-brainwashed perspective. He thinks there should be more people like Clarisse. Montag believes that if people read books they would be more like her. Now Montag is fighting society to get people to read books again, even though it’s breaking the law. This is Montag’s major conflict of him versus the society now he’s seen as a threat to the country.

Part of Montag’s job is to burn books that people have hidden in their houses’. In a particular scene when Montag has to burn an old ladies books, she refuses to leave her burned house, and rather die with them. Montag questions “There must be something in books things we can’t imagine to make a woman stay in a burning house, there must be something there. You don’t stay for nothing.”(Montag pg 51) He realizes there must be something in books that resemble great importance to make someone take its own life. Montag doesn’t quite understand why he’s a fireman and his purpose in life. Montag is going against himself to understand the true meaning of life. Captain Beatty, Montag’s boss, knows that Montag is up to something. We can understand that Beatty doesn’t want anybody to interfere with the governments’ laws. Beatty is well educated and can recite about anything from any book, even though his job is to abolish them.

The reader can infer he wants to be the only knowledgeable, smart person in this community. Beatty challenges Montag multiple of times and attempts to convince him that literature is useless and should be destroyed. After Mildred, Montag’s wife turns Montag into the fire department to get his book burned, Captain Beatty attempts to arrest Montag after making him burn his home. Montag murders Captain Beatty in order to escape, now Montag has become an enemy of the state. Throughout the novel, Montag faces many conflicts. These are not all the conflicts he faces but is the most reoccurring thoughts and challenges throughout the novel. All of these conflicts are all related by one thing, and that thing is the banning of books or just books in general. If the government hasn’t banned books the world would have reasonable resolutions and everyone could be happy. Without the banning of books, Clarisse wouldn’t seem as odd to the community and Montag wouldn’t wish there were more people like her, people would naturally be like her-able to speak their own mind. These citizens could have resolutions to these conflicts. The banning of books is a major conflict for this society.


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