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Addressing Reviewer Comments: Refining Your Dissertation

Addressing Reviewer Comments: Refining Your Dissertation

Embrace the Feedback Process

The dissertation journey is a rigorous and demanding one, and as you near the finish line, you encounter a critical phase: addressing reviewer comments. These comments, whether from your dissertation committee or peer reviewers, are a fundamental part of the academic process. They can feel like a mix of praise and criticism, and how you approach them can significantly impact the final quality of your work.

First and foremost, it's essential to embrace the feedback process with an open and growth-oriented mindset. Understand that reviewer comments are not a personal attack on your abilities or the worth of your research. Instead, they are a mechanism designed to elevate your work to the highest academic standards. Here's how to effectively embrace the feedback process:

1. Shift Your Perspective: Instead of viewing reviewer comments as hurdles to overcome, consider them as stepping stones toward improvement. Each comment, no matter how critical, presents an opportunity to refine and strengthen your dissertation.

2. Recognize the Value: Reviewer comments are a form of professional guidance that many researchers pay for through conferences or workshops. In this context, receiving feedback for free is a valuable privilege. It means that experts are invested in your work and are willing to help you succeed.

3. Separate Your Ego: It's natural to feel a personal connection to your dissertation. However, during the feedback process, it's crucial to separate your ego from your work. Remember that constructive criticism is aimed at enhancing the quality of your research, not diminishing your worth.

4. Focus on Improvement: Approach each comment as a specific area for improvement. Consider how addressing this feedback will enhance the overall rigor and credibility of your dissertation. Embracing feedback is an act of dedication to producing your best work.

5. Seek Clarification: If you find a comment unclear or ambiguous, don't hesitate to seek clarification from the reviewer or committee member. A better understanding of their perspective can guide your revisions effectively.

6. Trust the Process: The feedback process is a well-established part of academia. Trust that it has helped countless researchers refine their work and contribute valuable insights to their respective fields. By embracing this process, you align yourself with a tradition of scholarly excellence.

7. Collaborate and Learn: Engaging with feedback is an opportunity to collaborate with experienced scholars. It's also a chance to learn and grow as a researcher. The insights gained from addressing reviewer comments can shape your future work and improve your academic writing skills.

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Organize and analyze.

Once you've received reviewer comments on your dissertation, the next crucial step is to organize and analyze this feedback. This phase is essential for making sense of the various suggestions, critiques, and recommendations you've received. Here's a detailed look at how to effectively organize and analyze reviewer comments.

1. Create a Systematic Framework: Start by creating a systematic framework for organizing the comments. This framework should help you categorize and prioritize the feedback. Common categories include methodology, literature review, data analysis, and presentation. Having a clear structure will prevent you from feeling overwhelmed by the volume of comments.

2. Catalog Comments: Begin by cataloging all the comments you've received. This involves creating a comprehensive list of each comment, specifying who provided it (e.g., committee member, peer reviewer), and noting the page or section of your dissertation it pertains to. This catalog serves as a reference point for your revisions.

3. Identify Common Themes: As you review the comments, you'll likely notice common themes or recurring issues. These may include suggestions related to clarity, methodology, or the organization of your work. Identifying these overarching themes will help you address multiple comments at once and streamline your revision process.

4. Prioritize Comments: Not all comments are of equal importance, and some may conflict with others. Prioritize comments based on their significance to the overall quality and validity of your dissertation. Focus on addressing comments that have the most substantial impact first.

5. Understand the Reviewer's Perspective: Put yourself in the shoes of the reviewer or committee member. Try to understand their perspective and the rationale behind their comments. Consider their expertise and the academic standards they are applying. This empathetic approach can help you appreciate the value of their feedback.

6. Seek Clarification: If a comment is unclear or you require additional information to address it effectively, don't hesitate to seek clarification from the reviewer. Engaging in a dialogue can provide insights into their expectations and help you craft more precise revisions.

7. Align with Your Research Goals: While addressing comments, keep your research goals and objectives in mind. Ensure that revisions align with the core purpose of your dissertation. Avoid making changes that deviate from your research agenda.

8. Maintain Consistency: As you revise your dissertation, aim for consistency in your approach. Ensure that changes made to one section do not create inconsistencies or conflicts with other parts of your work. Maintaining a cohesive narrative is crucial.

9. Document Changes: Keep meticulous records of the revisions you make in response to reviewer comments. Documenting changes ensures transparency and accountability in the revision process. It also helps when you need to justify your decisions during the defense.

10. Stay Organized: Throughout the organization and analysis process, stay organized. Use digital tools, spreadsheets, or project management software to track your progress and manage your revisions efficiently. A well-organized approach saves time and reduces stress.

Organizing and analyzing reviewer comments is a pivotal step in refining your dissertation. It empowers you to make informed decisions about which revisions to prioritize and ensures that your final work aligns with academic standards and your research goals. By systematically addressing feedback, you set the stage for a successful defense and the completion of a high-quality dissertation.

Prioritize Revisions

Once you've organized and analyzed the feedback on your dissertation, the next critical phase is prioritizing revisions. Not all comments carry the same weight, and your time and effort are valuable resources. Prioritizing revisions strategically ensures that you focus on the most significant and impactful changes. Here's how to effectively prioritize revisions based on reviewer comments:

1. Distinguish between Major and Minor Comments: Reviewer comments can vary widely in their impact on your dissertation. Some may point to fundamental flaws in your research, while others may be minor suggestions for improvement. Begin by distinguishing between major and minor comments. Major comments typically relate to issues that affect the overall validity, clarity, or methodology of your work.

2. Address Critical Flaws First: Start by addressing critical flaws or comments that could undermine the integrity of your dissertation. These may include errors in research methodology, gaps in the literature review, or issues with data analysis. By resolving these foundational problems, you ensure the core quality of your work.

3. Focus on Coherence and Flow: After addressing critical flaws, pay attention to comments related to the overall coherence and flow of your dissertation. Reviewers often comment on the logical progression of your arguments, transitions between sections, and the clarity of your writing. Improving these aspects enhances the readability and impact of your work.

4. Address Fundamental Methodological Issues: If reviewer comments highlight methodological concerns, prioritize these revisions. Methodology is the backbone of any research, and addressing issues in this area is essential for the validity of your findings. Ensure that your research design, data collection, and analysis methods meet rigorous standards.

5. Enhance Clarity and Precision: Comments related to clarity, precision, and language should also be prioritized. Clear and concise writing is vital in academic writing. Address suggestions for improving sentence structure, eliminating jargon, and enhancing the readability of your work. Clarity in communication is key to conveying your research effectively.

6. Consider Consistency and Formatting: While formatting and consistency comments may seem minor, they contribute to the overall professionalism of your dissertation. Ensure that your citations, references, headings, and formatting adhere to the required style guide. Consistency in these elements reflects attention to detail.

7. Seek Feedback on Revisions: As you make revisions based on reviewer comments, seek feedback from mentors, advisors, or colleagues. External input can help you validate the effectiveness of your revisions and identify areas that may still require improvement.

8. Keep the Big Picture in Mind: Throughout the prioritization process, keep the big picture of your dissertation in mind. Ensure that revisions align with your research objectives and do not compromise the core message of your work. Balancing the need for changes with the preservation of your research integrity is essential.

9. Maintain a Transparent Record: Document the revisions you make in response to reviewer comments. Maintain a transparent record of changes, including the rationale behind each revision. This documentation not only serves as a reference for your defense but also demonstrates your commitment to addressing feedback.

Engage in Dialogue

As you embark on the journey of refining your dissertation in response to reviewer comments, one of the most effective strategies is to engage in a constructive dialogue. This dialogue extends beyond mere revisions and involves active communication with your dissertation committee, peer reviewers, or advisors. Here's why engaging in dialogue is crucial and how to make the most of it:

1. Clarify Ambiguities: Reviewer comments may occasionally be vague or open to interpretation. Engaging in dialogue allows you to seek clarification on these comments. By understanding the reviewers' perspectives better, you can tailor your revisions more precisely to meet their expectations.

2. Demonstrate Commitment: Actively engaging with reviewer comments demonstrates your commitment to producing high-quality research. It shows that you value the input of experts in your field and are dedicated to addressing their concerns and suggestions.

3. Show Willingness to Collaborate: Engaging in dialogue fosters a sense of collaboration between you and the reviewers. It communicates your openness to working together to improve the dissertation. This collaborative spirit can lead to more productive exchanges and a more supportive review process.

4. Defend Thoughtfully: In some cases, you may disagree with certain comments or suggestions. Engaging in dialogue allows you to defend your choices thoughtfully and academically. Be prepared to provide well-reasoned justifications for your decisions, which can demonstrate your research expertise.

5. Seek Additional Guidance: Beyond clarification, engaging with your dissertation committee or reviewers can be an opportunity to seek additional guidance. You can ask for recommendations on specific literature, methodologies, or approaches to address the comments effectively.

6. Maintain Regular Communication: Keep the lines of communication open and maintain regular contact with your dissertation committee or reviewers. Provide updates on your progress, share draft revisions, and seek feedback at various stages of the revision process. This proactive approach can help prevent surprises during your defense.

7. Manage Expectations: Engaging in dialogue allows you to manage expectations effectively. If there are comments that you cannot address due to limitations or time constraints, communicate this transparently. Managing expectations can lead to more realistic and feasible revisions.

8. Showcase a Growth Mindset: Demonstrating a growth mindset is an essential aspect of engaging in dialogue. Embrace feedback as an opportunity for growth and improvement rather than as criticism. This mindset shift can positively influence how reviewers perceive your responsiveness to their comments.

9. Seek Alignment: Ensure that your revisions align with the expectations of your dissertation committee or reviewers. Use the dialogue to confirm that your changes accurately address their concerns and suggestions. Alignment with their expectations contributes to a smoother review process.

10. Leverage Professionalism: Approach all interactions with professionalism and respect. Remember that your reviewers are experts in their fields, and maintaining a respectful and collegial tone in your dialogue is essential.

Engaging in a constructive dialogue with your dissertation committee or reviewers is a valuable component of the revision process. It allows you to clarify comments, demonstrate commitment, and seek collaborative solutions. By maintaining open and respectful communication, you enhance the quality of your dissertation and navigate the review process more effectively.

Revise and Improve

After you've organized, prioritized, and engaged in a constructive dialogue with your dissertation committee or reviewers, the next crucial step is to embark on the revision journey. This phase, characterized by thorough and systematic revisions, is where you transform feedback into tangible improvements. Here's a detailed guide on how to effectively revise and improve your dissertation:

1. Start with the Most Critical Feedback: Begin by addressing the most critical feedback—the comments that go to the heart of your dissertation's quality and validity. This may include revising your research methodology, refining your argument structure, or improving data analysis.

2. Maintain Clarity and Consistency: Pay close attention to comments related to clarity, coherence, and consistency. Ensure that your dissertation flows logically and that there are smooth transitions between sections. Review your writing style to eliminate jargon and ambiguity.

3. Strengthen Your Argument: Evaluate comments that pertain to the strength of your argument. Reviewers often provide insights into areas where your argument may be weak or where additional evidence is needed. Strengthen your claims with robust evidence and persuasive reasoning.

4. Address Methodological Concerns: If there are methodological concerns or suggestions for improvement, implement these changes diligently. Methodology is the backbone of your research, and addressing these comments is crucial for the validity of your findings.

5. Proofread and Edit: Conduct a comprehensive proofreading and editing pass. Eliminate grammatical errors, typos, and punctuation issues. Ensure that your writing is polished and conforms to the required style guide (e.g., APA, MLA).

6. Be Concise and Precise: Review your writing for conciseness and precision. Avoid unnecessary wordiness and ensure that every sentence serves a clear purpose. Precision in language enhances the readability and impact of your dissertation.

7. Incorporate Visuals: If reviewers suggested the inclusion of visuals (e.g., graphs, charts, tables), incorporate them thoughtfully. Visuals can help convey complex information more effectively and enhance the overall presentation of your research.

8. Cross-Check Citations and References: Verify the accuracy of all citations and references. Ensure that every source cited in your dissertation is correctly formatted and included in the reference list. Inaccurate or missing citations can undermine your work's credibility.

9. Seek External Feedback: Beyond the feedback from your dissertation committee or reviewers, seek external feedback from peers, mentors, or colleagues. Fresh perspectives can uncover areas for improvement that you may have overlooked.

10. Maintain a Transparent Record: Document all revisions and changes made in response to reviewer comments. This transparent record serves as evidence of your diligence and commitment to addressing feedback.

11. Stay Aligned with Your Research Goals: Throughout the revision process, keep your research goals and objectives in mind. Ensure that revisions align with the core purpose of your dissertation. Avoid making changes that deviate from your research agenda.

12. Review with a Critical Eye: Approach your revised dissertation with a critical eye. Re-read your work as if you were a reviewer, and evaluate the effectiveness of your revisions. Make additional improvements as needed.

13. Proof of Progress: As you work through the revisions, share progress updates with your dissertation committee or reviewers. This demonstrates your commitment to addressing their feedback and allows them to monitor your progress.

Seek Additional Input

In the journey of refining your dissertation based on reviewer comments, seeking additional input is a valuable step to ensure the comprehensiveness and excellence of your revisions. While the feedback from your dissertation committee or peer reviewers is instrumental, widening the circle of input can provide fresh perspectives and insights. Here's how to effectively seek additional input:

1. Collaborate with Peers: Collaborating with peers who are also working on dissertations or research projects can be mutually beneficial. They can offer a peer's perspective and share their experiences in addressing feedback. Peer input can uncover areas for improvement that may not have been evident initially.

2. Consult Subject Matter Experts: Depending on the specific comments and areas of your dissertation, consider consulting subject matter experts in relevant fields. Their specialized knowledge can help you address complex or technical feedback effectively. Engaging with experts can also lead to valuable discussions and suggestions.

3. Connect with Writing Centers: Many academic institutions have writing centers staffed with experienced writing tutors. These centers offer support in improving writing style, grammar, and overall dissertation structure. Seeking guidance from writing center professionals can enhance the clarity and readability of your work.

4. Engage with Research Advisors: Your research advisor, if different from your dissertation committee chair, can provide guidance and input on revisions. They are familiar with your research journey and can offer valuable insights into aligning revisions with your research goals.

5. Attend Workshops and Seminars: Universities and academic organizations often host workshops and seminars on dissertation writing and revision. Participating in such events can expose you to diverse perspectives and strategies for addressing reviewer comments effectively. It also provides an opportunity to network with fellow researchers.

6. Utilize Online Communities: Online academic communities and forums can be valuable resources for seeking additional input. Platforms like academic subreddits, LinkedIn groups, or specialized research forums allow you to share your challenges, seek advice, and benefit from the collective wisdom of the academic community.

7. Solicit Feedback from Trusted Colleagues: Trusted colleagues, mentors, or advisors who may not be directly involved in your dissertation committee can offer valuable insights. Their distance from your work can provide an objective viewpoint and identify areas that require improvement.

8. Leverage Professional Editing Services: Professional dissertation editing services can provide comprehensive feedback on your revisions. These services often employ experts in various fields who can review your work for clarity, coherence, and adherence to academic standards. While they may not replace the input of your committee, they can provide an additional layer of feedback.

9. Conduct Peer Reviews: Consider conducting peer reviews of your revised dissertation chapters. Exchange chapters with fellow graduate students or colleagues and provide constructive feedback to each other. Peer reviews can help identify issues and inconsistencies that may have been overlooked.

10. Stay Open to Diverse Perspectives: When seeking additional input, stay open to diverse perspectives and opinions. Different reviewers may have varying suggestions for improvement. Embrace the opportunity to consider multiple viewpoints and choose revisions that align with your research goals.

Seeking additional input beyond your dissertation committee or peer reviewers can enhance the quality and comprehensiveness of your revisions. Collaboration with peers, consultation with experts, engagement with writing centers, and participation in academic communities all contribute to a more robust and refined dissertation. This collective input ensures that your work reflects the highest standards of academic rigor and excellence.

Addressing reviewer comments is an integral part of the dissertation process. Embrace feedback as an opportunity for growth and improvement. By organizing, prioritizing, and implementing revisions effectively, you can refine your dissertation and increase your chances of a successful defense. Remember that the feedback you receive is a valuable resource that contributes to your development as a scholar and researcher.

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What Is a Dissertation? | Guide, Examples, & Template

Structure of a Dissertation

A dissertation is a long-form piece of academic writing based on original research conducted by you. It is usually submitted as the final step in order to finish a PhD program.

Your dissertation is probably the longest piece of writing you’ve ever completed. It requires solid research, writing, and analysis skills, and it can be intimidating to know where to begin.

Your department likely has guidelines related to how your dissertation should be structured. When in doubt, consult with your supervisor.

You can also download our full dissertation template in the format of your choice below. The template includes a ready-made table of contents with notes on what to include in each chapter, easily adaptable to your department’s requirements.

Download Word template Download Google Docs template

  • In the US, a dissertation generally refers to the collection of research you conducted to obtain a PhD.
  • In other countries (such as the UK), a dissertation often refers to the research you conduct to obtain your bachelor’s or master’s degree.

Table of contents

Dissertation committee and prospectus process, how to write and structure a dissertation, acknowledgements or preface, list of figures and tables, list of abbreviations, introduction, literature review, methodology, reference list, proofreading and editing, defending your dissertation, free checklist and lecture slides.

When you’ve finished your coursework, as well as any comprehensive exams or other requirements, you advance to “ABD” (All But Dissertation) status. This means you’ve completed everything except your dissertation.

Prior to starting to write, you must form your committee and write your prospectus or proposal . Your committee comprises your adviser and a few other faculty members. They can be from your own department, or, if your work is more interdisciplinary, from other departments. Your committee will guide you through the dissertation process, and ultimately decide whether you pass your dissertation defense and receive your PhD.

Your prospectus is a formal document presented to your committee, usually orally in a defense, outlining your research aims and objectives and showing why your topic is relevant . After passing your prospectus defense, you’re ready to start your research and writing.

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The structure of your dissertation depends on a variety of factors, such as your discipline, topic, and approach. Dissertations in the humanities are often structured more like a long essay , building an overall argument to support a central thesis , with chapters organized around different themes or case studies.

However, hard science and social science dissertations typically include a review of existing works, a methodology section, an analysis of your original research, and a presentation of your results , presented in different chapters.

Dissertation examples

We’ve compiled a list of dissertation examples to help you get started.

  • Example dissertation #1: Heat, Wildfire and Energy Demand: An Examination of Residential Buildings and Community Equity (a dissertation by C. A. Antonopoulos about the impact of extreme heat and wildfire on residential buildings and occupant exposure risks).
  • Example dissertation #2: Exploring Income Volatility and Financial Health Among Middle-Income Households (a dissertation by M. Addo about income volatility and declining economic security among middle-income households).
  • Example dissertation #3: The Use of Mindfulness Meditation to Increase the Efficacy of Mirror Visual Feedback for Reducing Phantom Limb Pain in Amputees (a dissertation by N. S. Mills about the effect of mindfulness-based interventions on the relationship between mirror visual feedback and the pain level in amputees with phantom limb pain).

The very first page of your document contains your dissertation title, your name, department, institution, degree program, and submission date. Sometimes it also includes your student number, your supervisor’s name, and the university’s logo.

Read more about title pages

The acknowledgements section is usually optional and gives space for you to thank everyone who helped you in writing your dissertation. This might include your supervisors, participants in your research, and friends or family who supported you. In some cases, your acknowledgements are part of a preface.

Read more about acknowledgements Read more about prefaces

The abstract is a short summary of your dissertation, usually about 150 to 300 words long. Though this may seem very short, it’s one of the most important parts of your dissertation, because it introduces your work to your audience.

Your abstract should:

  • State your main topic and the aims of your research
  • Describe your methods
  • Summarize your main results
  • State your conclusions

Read more about abstracts

The table of contents lists all of your chapters, along with corresponding subheadings and page numbers. This gives your reader an overview of your structure and helps them easily navigate your document.

Remember to include all main parts of your dissertation in your table of contents, even the appendices. It’s easy to generate a table automatically in Word if you used heading styles. Generally speaking, you only include level 2 and level 3 headings, not every subheading you included in your finished work.

Read more about tables of contents

While not usually mandatory, it’s nice to include a list of figures and tables to help guide your reader if you have used a lot of these in your dissertation. It’s easy to generate one of these in Word using the Insert Caption feature.

Read more about lists of figures and tables

Similarly, if you have used a lot of abbreviations (especially industry-specific ones) in your dissertation, you can include them in an alphabetized list of abbreviations so that the reader can easily look up their meanings.

Read more about lists of abbreviations

In addition to the list of abbreviations, if you find yourself using a lot of highly specialized terms that you worry will not be familiar to your reader, consider including a glossary. Here, alphabetize the terms and include a brief description or definition.

Read more about glossaries

The introduction serves to set up your dissertation’s topic, purpose, and relevance. It tells the reader what to expect in the rest of your dissertation. The introduction should:

  • Establish your research topic , giving the background information needed to contextualize your work
  • Narrow down the focus and define the scope of your research
  • Discuss the state of existing research on the topic, showing your work’s relevance to a broader problem or debate
  • Clearly state your research questions and objectives
  • Outline the flow of the rest of your work

Everything in the introduction should be clear, engaging, and relevant. By the end, the reader should understand the what, why, and how of your research.

Read more about introductions

A formative part of your research is your literature review . This helps you gain a thorough understanding of the academic work that already exists on your topic.

Literature reviews encompass:

  • Finding relevant sources (e.g., books and journal articles)
  • Assessing the credibility of your sources
  • Critically analyzing and evaluating each source
  • Drawing connections between them (e.g., themes, patterns, conflicts, or gaps) to strengthen your overall point

A literature review is not merely a summary of existing sources. Your literature review should have a coherent structure and argument that leads to a clear justification for your own research. It may aim to:

  • Address a gap in the literature or build on existing knowledge
  • Take a new theoretical or methodological approach to your topic
  • Propose a solution to an unresolved problem or advance one side of a theoretical debate

Read more about literature reviews

Theoretical framework

Your literature review can often form the basis for your theoretical framework. Here, you define and analyze the key theories, concepts, and models that frame your research.

Read more about theoretical frameworks

Your methodology chapter describes how you conducted your research, allowing your reader to critically assess its credibility. Your methodology section should accurately report what you did, as well as convince your reader that this was the best way to answer your research question.

A methodology section should generally include:

  • The overall research approach ( quantitative vs. qualitative ) and research methods (e.g., a longitudinal study )
  • Your data collection methods (e.g., interviews or a controlled experiment )
  • Details of where, when, and with whom the research took place
  • Any tools and materials you used (e.g., computer programs, lab equipment)
  • Your data analysis methods (e.g., statistical analysis , discourse analysis )
  • An evaluation or justification of your methods

Read more about methodology sections

Your results section should highlight what your methodology discovered. You can structure this section around sub-questions, hypotheses , or themes, but avoid including any subjective or speculative interpretation here.

Your results section should:

  • Concisely state each relevant result together with relevant descriptive statistics (e.g., mean , standard deviation ) and inferential statistics (e.g., test statistics , p values )
  • Briefly state how the result relates to the question or whether the hypothesis was supported
  • Report all results that are relevant to your research questions , including any that did not meet your expectations.

Additional data (including raw numbers, full questionnaires, or interview transcripts) can be included as an appendix. You can include tables and figures, but only if they help the reader better understand your results. Read more about results sections

Your discussion section is your opportunity to explore the meaning and implications of your results in relation to your research question. Here, interpret your results in detail, discussing whether they met your expectations and how well they fit with the framework that you built in earlier chapters. Refer back to relevant source material to show how your results fit within existing research in your field.

Some guiding questions include:

  • What do your results mean?
  • Why do your results matter?
  • What limitations do the results have?

If any of the results were unexpected, offer explanations for why this might be. It’s a good idea to consider alternative interpretations of your data.

Read more about discussion sections

Your dissertation’s conclusion should concisely answer your main research question, leaving your reader with a clear understanding of your central argument and emphasizing what your research has contributed to the field.

In some disciplines, the conclusion is just a short section preceding the discussion section, but in other contexts, it is the final chapter of your work. Here, you wrap up your dissertation with a final reflection on what you found, with recommendations for future research and concluding remarks.

It’s important to leave the reader with a clear impression of why your research matters. What have you added to what was already known? Why is your research necessary for the future of your field?

Read more about conclusions

It is crucial to include a reference list or list of works cited with the full details of all the sources that you used, in order to avoid plagiarism. Be sure to choose one citation style and follow it consistently throughout your dissertation. Each style has strict and specific formatting requirements.

Common styles include MLA , Chicago , and APA , but which style you use is often set by your department or your field.

Create APA citations Create MLA citations

Your dissertation should contain only essential information that directly contributes to answering your research question. Documents such as interview transcripts or survey questions can be added as appendices, rather than adding them to the main body.

Read more about appendices

Making sure that all of your sections are in the right place is only the first step to a well-written dissertation. Don’t forget to leave plenty of time for editing and proofreading, as grammar mistakes and sloppy spelling errors can really negatively impact your work.

Dissertations can take up to five years to write, so you will definitely want to make sure that everything is perfect before submitting. You may want to consider using a professional dissertation editing service , AI proofreader or grammar checker to make sure your final project is perfect prior to submitting.

After your written dissertation is approved, your committee will schedule a defense. Similarly to defending your prospectus, dissertation defenses are oral presentations of your work. You’ll present your dissertation, and your committee will ask you questions. Many departments allow family members, friends, and other people who are interested to join as well.

After your defense, your committee will meet, and then inform you whether you have passed. Keep in mind that defenses are usually just a formality; most committees will have resolved any serious issues with your work with you far prior to your defense, giving you ample time to fix any problems.

As you write your dissertation, you can use this simple checklist to make sure you’ve included all the essentials.

Checklist: Dissertation

My title page includes all information required by my university.

I have included acknowledgements thanking those who helped me.

My abstract provides a concise summary of the dissertation, giving the reader a clear idea of my key results or arguments.

I have created a table of contents to help the reader navigate my dissertation. It includes all chapter titles, but excludes the title page, acknowledgements, and abstract.

My introduction leads into my topic in an engaging way and shows the relevance of my research.

My introduction clearly defines the focus of my research, stating my research questions and research objectives .

My introduction includes an overview of the dissertation’s structure (reading guide).

I have conducted a literature review in which I (1) critically engage with sources, evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of existing research, (2) discuss patterns, themes, and debates in the literature, and (3) address a gap or show how my research contributes to existing research.

I have clearly outlined the theoretical framework of my research, explaining the theories and models that support my approach.

I have thoroughly described my methodology , explaining how I collected data and analyzed data.

I have concisely and objectively reported all relevant results .

I have (1) evaluated and interpreted the meaning of the results and (2) acknowledged any important limitations of the results in my discussion .

I have clearly stated the answer to my main research question in the conclusion .

I have clearly explained the implications of my conclusion, emphasizing what new insight my research has contributed.

I have provided relevant recommendations for further research or practice.

If relevant, I have included appendices with supplemental information.

I have included an in-text citation every time I use words, ideas, or information from a source.

I have listed every source in a reference list at the end of my dissertation.

I have consistently followed the rules of my chosen citation style .

I have followed all formatting guidelines provided by my university.

Congratulations!

The end is in sight—your dissertation is nearly ready to submit! Make sure it's perfectly polished with the help of a Scribbr editor.

If you’re an educator, feel free to download and adapt these slides to teach your students about structuring a dissertation.

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How to Write a Dissertation Literature Review – Steps & Tips

Published by Anastasia Lois at August 12th, 2021 , Revised On October 17, 2023

From an academic standpoint, a dissertation literature review can be defined as a survey of the thesis, journal articles, books, and other academic resources on any given research title . This article provides comprehensive guidelines on how to write a dissertation literature review.

A literature review in a dissertation is of critical importance primarily because it provides insight into the key concepts, advancements, theories, and results of your research questions  or  research problem .

However, it is essential to note that; a first-class dissertation literature review focuses on summarizing the academic sources used for research and analysing, interpreting, and assessing them to determine the gaps and differences in opinions, judgments, themes, and developments.

A good literature review will further elaborate on existing knowledge concerning the research hypothesis or questions.

View dissertation literature review examples here.  

When do you Write a Dissertation Literature Review?

Depending on your university’s guidelines, you might be required to include a literature review in the theoretical framework or the introduction.

Or you could also be asked to develop a standalone literature review chapter that appears before  the methodology  and  the findings  chapters of the dissertation.

In either case, your primary aim will be to review the available literature and develop a link between your research and the existing literature on your chosen topic.

Sometimes, you might be designated a literature review as a separate assignment . Regardless of whether you need to write a literature review for your dissertation or as a standalone project, some general guidelines for conducting literature will remain unchanged.

Here are the steps you need to take to write the literature review for a dissertation if you cannot write the literature review.

Steps of Writing a Literature Review

1. gather, assess, and choose relevant literature.

The first seed to take when writing your dissertation or thesis is to choose a fascinating and manageable research topic . Once a topic has been selected, you can begin searching for relevant academic sources.

If you are  writing a literature review for your dissertation, one way to do this is to find academic sources relevant to your  research problem or questions.

Without fully understanding current knowledge in the chosen study area, giving the correct direction to your research aim and objectives will be hard.

On the other hand, you will be expected to guide your research by developing a central question if you are writing a literature review as an individual assignment.

A notable difference here compared to the dissertation literature review is that you must answer this central question without conducting primary research (questionnaires, surveys, interviews). You  will be expected to address the question using only the existing literature.

Dissertation Literature Review Research Question

How can company “A” improve its brand value through social media marketing?

Literature Review Research Question

What is the connection between social media marketing and brand value?

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Use Keywords and References to Find Relevant Literature

Create a list of keywords that are relevant to the topic of research. Find journals, articles, and books using these keywords. Here are links to some recognised online academic libraries and databases;

  • Inspec, (Computer science, engineering, physics, chemistry)
  • EconLit, (Economics)
  • Google Scholar
  • Your university’s online research database

Finding relevant academic sources from “the reference list” of an article you have already found in a research database effectively discovers relevant studies.

Consider noting frequently appearing references as they are likely to be highly authentic and important publications even though they didn’t appear in the keyword search.

Journal articles or books that keep appearing with different keywords and phrases are the ones you should manually look out for.

The more times an article has been referenced, the more influential it is likely to be in any research field. Google Scholar lets users quickly determine how often a particular article has been referenced.

Also Read:  How to Best Use References in a Dissertation

2. Weighing and Selecting Academic Sources

It won’t be possible for you to read every publication related to your topic. An excellent way to select academic sources for your dissertation literature review is to read the abstract , which will help you decide whether the source is supportive and relevant to your research hypothesis or research questions.

To help you select sources relevant to your study, here are some questions for you to consider before making the decision.

  • What research questions has the author answered with their research work?
  • What fundamental concepts have been defined by the author?
  • Did the researcher use an innovative methodology or existing frameworks to define fundamental methods, models, and theories?
  • What are the findings, conclusion, and recommendations in the source book or paper?
  • What is the relevance between the existing literature and the academic sources you are evaluating?
  • Does the source article challenge, confirm, or add to existing knowledge on the topic?
  • How does the publication contribute to your understanding of the topic? What are its key insights and arguments?
  • What are the strengths and weaknesses of the research?

Any breakthrough studies and key theories relevant to your research topic should be recorded as you search for highly credible and authentic academic sources.

The method of your review of literature depends on your academic subject. If your research topic is in the sciences, you must find and review up-to-date academic sources.

On the other hand, you might look into old and historical literature and recent literature if your research topic is in the humanities field.

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Recording Information and Referencing Sources

It is recommended that you start to write your literature review as you read articles, journals, and books. Take notes which can be later merged into the text of the literature review. Avoid plagiarism  and record all sources used along with references.

A good way of recording information is to analyse each source, summarise the key concepts or theories and compile a complete list of references in the form of an annotated bibliography.

This is a beneficial practice as it helps to remember the key points in each academic source and saves you valuable time as you start the literature review write-up.

3. Identify Key Themes and Patterns

The next step is to look for themes and patterns in the chosen sources that would enable you to establish similarities and differences between their  results and interpretations .

This exercise will help you to determine the  structure and argument for your literature review. Here are some questions that you can think of when reading and recording information;

  • Are any gaps in the existing literature?
  • What are the weaknesses of the current literature that should be addressed?
  • Were you able to identify any landmark research work and theories that resulted in the topic’s change of direction?
  • What are the similarities and disagreements between these sources? Were you able to identify any contradictions and conflicts?
  • What trends and themes were you able to identify? Are there any results, methods, or theories that lost credibility over time?

Also Read: How to Write a Dissertation – Step-by-Step Guide

4. Structure of Literature Review

There is no acclaimed  literature review structure , which means that you can choose from a range of approaches (thematic, chronological, methodological, and theoretical) when deciding on the structure of the literature review .

However, before you begin to  write the literature review , it is important to figure out the strategy that would work best for you. For long literature reviews, you might decide to use a combination of these strategies. For example, you could discuss each of the themes chronologically.

1: Theoretical

You can discuss various significant concepts, models, and theories in your literature review to form the basis of a theoretical framework . You could also combine a range of theoretical approaches to develop your theoretical framework or debate the significance of a particular theoretical framework.

2: Methodological

The methodological approach will require you to relate the findings of studies conducted in different research areas and use different research methods .

  • You might discover that results from the quantitative research approach are not the same as qualitative research.
  • You might split the selected academic sources based on their discipline – engineering, and sciences.

3: Thematic

You may also deploy a thematic approach, especially if you identified repeating key themes and patterns. If that is the case, you will be expected to put each aspect of the topic into different subsections within your literature review.

For example, if your research topic is “employment issues in the UK for international students,” you can divide the key themes into subsections; legal status, poor language skills, immigration policy, and economic turmoil.

4: Chronological

The most straightforward approach is to trace the development of the topic over time. However, if you choose this strategy, avoid simply listing and summarizing sources in order.

Try to analyze patterns, turning points, and critical debates that have shaped the direction of the field. Give your interpretation of how and why certain developments occurred.

5. Writing your Literature Review 

Whether it’s a dissertation literature review or a standalone literature review assignment you have been assigned, you will be expected to divide your literature review into three larger sections – introduction, main body, and a conclusion.

What you write under these three segments will depend on the aim of your study.

Section 1 – Introduction

Here you will be required to state the objectives of the literature review clearly;

Introduction to Dissertation Literature Review Recapitulate your research problem or questions with a summary of the sources you reviewed when the literature review is for your thesis or dissertation. Consider highlighting gaps in existing knowledge and stress the suitability of your topic.

For example:

Research problem A has been debated in many recent studies.

While the topic has been explored concerning A, the B aspect has not yet been explored.

Individual Literature Review Project When reviewing literature for an individual literature review assignment, make sure that you clearly state the purpose of the research and debate the scope of the literature (how recent or old are the academic sources you are reviewing).

Section 2 – Main Body

As previously mentioned, you can divide this section into further subsections depending on your literature review’s length. You can also have a separate heading for each research method, theme, or theory to help your readers better understand your research.

Here are some tips for you to write a flawless main body of literature review;

  • Summarize and Combine ; Highlight the main findings from each academic source and organise them into one whole piece without losing coherence.
  • Evaluate and interpret; Make sure you are giving opinions and arguments of your own where possible. Simply rephrasing what others have said will undermine your work. You will be expected to debate and discuss other studies’ results about your research questions or aim.
  • Analytical Evaluation; It is essential to unmistakably present the literature you have reviewed and the merits and weaknesses of the literature.
  • Make Use of  Topic Sentences and Transitions; in organized subsections within the literature review to establish conflicts, differences, similarities, and relationships.

Example of How to Write a Dissertation Literature Review

The below example belongs to the body of a literature review on the effectiveness of e-recruitment in small and medium-sized enterprises in the United Kingdom’s IT sector.

E-recruitment means explicitly using digital technologies to recruit, select, and orient employees. The benefits of e-recruitment in the literature have been studied: increased access to a pool of candidates, time and cost savings, and greater flexibility for the organisation.

In contrast, the literature states that e-recruitment might not properly achieve the goal of retaining the workforce with the required skills to participate in the work environment (Lad & Das, 2016). Also, e-recruitment might be based on a flawed website design or poor application process, which might deter potential employees (Anand & Devi, 2016) .

This section of the study will focus on the existing studies linked to the effectiveness of e-recruitment. Human resource management is an essential function of business organisations because it manages the workforce.

The goal of HR should be to develop a strategic approach in which the organisation’s strategic goals can be attained efficiently and effectively. The advent of digital technologies has helped transform human resource management’s nature concerning recruiting and selecting employees for organisations.

The Internet’s benefits have reduced search time for candidates and significant cost savings for organisations. Finally, it offers a transparent method for obtaining information about specific candidates. E-recruitment helps organisations hire people from any part of the world as it promotes opportunities and benefits the organisation efficiently.

Sharma (2014) argues that 75% of human resource professionals in developed countries are now using e-recruitment to hire employees for their organisations. Additionally, some 2 out of 4 job seekers will use the Internet to source job opportunities.

Another evidence to support the rise of e-recruitment is a study by Holm (2014), which found that all Fortune 100 companies will be using some form of e-recruitment to advertise vacant positions.

The implications are that e-recruitment is a popular strategy for various positions, from blue-collar roles to white-collar and professional positions. The benefits of e-recruitment have been identified in the literature. Girard & Fallery (2009) argues that e-recruitment helps to save time for organisations and employees.

Employers can use several methods to post jobs in as little as 20 minutes. There are no limits to ad size, and they can receive resumes immediately. In contrast, the traditional methods require some time to appear, for example, in a newspaper, and might be there for a limited period.

Section 3 – Conclusion

When writing the dissertation literature review conclusion, you should always include a summary of the key findings which emerged from the literature and their relevance and significance to your research objectives.

Literature Review for Dissertation

If you are writing a dissertation literature review, you will be required to demonstrate how your research helped to fill an evident gap in research and contributed to the current knowledge in the field. Similarly, you can explain how you used the existing patterns, themes, and theories to develop your research framework.

Literature Review as an Individual Assignment

You can summarize your review of your literature’s significance and implications and provide recommendations for future work based on the gaps in existing knowledge you acknowledged.

6. Proofread

Finally, thoroughly proofread your literature review for grammatical, structural, spelling, and factual errors before submitting it to your university.

If you are unable to proofread and edit your paper, then you could take advantage of our  editing and proofreading service , which is designed to ensure that your completed literature review satisfies each of your module or project’s requirements. We have Masters and PhD qualified writers in all academic subjects, so you can be confident that they will edit and improve the quality of your to 2:1 or First Class standard, as required.

Valuable Tips for Writing Dissertation Literature Review

Your literature review must systematically comply with your research area. Underneath, we are stating some essential guidelines for a compact literature review.

Contribute to the Literature

After carefully reviewing the literature, search for the gaps in knowledge and state how you have analysed the literature with a different perspective and contributed to your research area.

Keep your Argument Systematic & Consistent

Your arguments must be consistent and systematic while discussing theories and controversial and debatable content. Be logical in your review and avoid vague statements, not to make it complex for the readers.

Provide Adequate References

Don’t forget to provide references, as they are the soul of the dissertation. While discussing different aspects of the research, provide a reasonable number of references, as your discussion and interpretations must be backed up by relevant evidence. You can see an example provided in the sample paragraph above.

Be Precise While Writing a Review

You aren’t required to write every inch of information you have studied while reviewing the literature. You will be able to find tons of information that will correlate with your research area.

Be precise while writing the review, as writing unnecessary, irrelevant information won’t give a good impression. State the most reliable sources in your review without jumping into every possible source.

Don’t go Excessively for Direct Quotes

Direct quoting is required to make a point more impactful, but you should opt for it to a specific limit. Making excessive use of it won’t be a good idea.

The direct quote is mainly used when you think that the words being used by the actual author are so authentic in their meaning that you can’t replace or rephrase them. Try to avoid relying too much on a single author/s work.

Discussing their contributions and keeping the review going briefly would be better. While mentioning the points discussed by the prior researchers – link your arguments with their discussion. Don’t write the crux of their discussion, yet tell if your argument goes along with them.

Express your Analysis

The literature review is written to summarize your perspective, which should be backed up in light of the literature. Critically analyze literature with a rational approach and express your opinion on it.

Use the Correct Referencing Style

While referencing, one must use proper referencing styles, i.e., Harvard reference style, etc. Different referencing styles are used for in-text citations, while different for end-text citations.

Feeling overwhelmed by your literature review? Still unsure about how to write a dissertation literature review? There is no need to panic. Whether you are an undergraduate, postgraduate, or PhD student, our literature review writing service  can help you have your literature review to the highest academic quality.

All papers completed by our writers are delivered along with a free anti-plagiarism report. We will amend your paper for free as many times as needed until you are delighted with the contents and the works’ quality as long as your original instructions and requirements remain unchanged.

FAQs About Dissertation Literature Review

How to find relevant literature for reference in a dissertation.

You must note down keywords related to the title of your dissertation and search journals, articles, and books using them. 

How to select academic sources?

If you have found plenty of academic resources, you can select a few of them by reading the abstract of all the papers and separating the most relevant ones. 

How to quote academic references?

It is recommended that you start to write your literature review as you read articles, journals and books. Take notes which can be later merged into the text of the literature review. 

How should a literature review dissertation be written?

You should divide your literature review into three sections: 

Introduction, main body, and conclusion. 

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Reviewer comments: examples for common peer review decisions

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Peer-reviewing an academic manuscript is not an easy task. Especially if you are unsure about how to formulate your feedback. Examples of reviewer comment s can help! Here you can find an overview of sample comments and examples for the most common review decisions: ‘minor revisions’, ‘major revisions’, ‘revise and resubmit’ and ‘reject’ decisions.

Examples of ‘minor revisions’ reviewer comments

Examples of ‘major revisions’ reviewer comments, examples of ‘revise and resubmit’ reviewer comments, examples of ‘reject’ reviewer comments.

  • “This is a well-written manuscript that only needs to undergo a few minor changes. First, …”
  • “The manuscript is based on impressive empirical evidence and makes an original contribution. Only minor revisions are needed before it can be published.”
  • “I thoroughly enjoyed reviewing this manuscript and only have some minor requests for revision.”
  • “The authors develop a unique theoretical framework, and I believe that they should highlight their originality much more.”
  • “The authors conduct very relevant research, but fail to emphasise the relevance in their introduction.”
  • “The authors draw on extensive empirical evidence. I believe that they can put forward their arguments much more confidently.”
  • “The authors adequately addressed my feedback from the first round of peer review. I only have some minor comments for final improvements.”
  • “To improve the readability of the paper, I suggest dividing the analysis into several subsections.”
  • “Figure 3 is difficult to read and should be adjusted.”
  • “Table 1 and 2 can be combined to create a better overview.”
  • “The abstract is too long and should be shortened.”
  • “I had difficulties understanding the first paragraph on page 5, and suggest that the authors reformulate and simplify it.”
  • “The manuscript contains an elaborate literature review, but definitions of the key concepts are needed in the introduction.”
  • “Throughout the manuscript, there are several language mistakes. Therefore, I recommend a professional round of language editing before the paper is published.”
  • “The paper should undergo professional language editing before it can be published.”

If you want to learn more about common reasons for a ‘minor revisions’ decision and see examples of how an actual peer review might look like, check out this post on ‘minor revisions’ .

  • “The manuscript shows a lot of promise, but some major issues need to be addressed before it can be published.”
  • “This manuscript addresses a timely topic and makes a relevant contribution to the field. However, some major revisions are needed before it can be published.”
  • “I enjoyed reading this manuscript, and believe that it is very promising. At the same time, I identified several issues that require the authors’ attention.”
  • “The manuscript sheds light on an interesting phenomenon. However, it also has several shortcomings. I strongly encourage the authors to address the following points.”
  • “The authors of this manuscript have an ambitious objective and draw on an interesting dataset. However, their main argument is unclear.”
  • “The key argument needs to be worked out and formulated much more clearly.”
  • “The theoretical framework is promising but incomplete. In my opinion, the authors cannot make their current claims without considering writings on… “
  • “The literature review is promising, but disregards recent publications in the field of…”
  • “The empirical evidence is at times insufficient to support the authors’ claims. For instance, in section…”
  • “I encourage the authors to provide more in-depth evidence. For instance, I would like to see more interview quotes and a more transparent statistical analysis.”
  • “The authors work with an interesting dataset. However, I was missing more detailed insights in the actual results. I believe that several additional tables and figures can improve the authors’ argumentation. “
  • “I believe that the manuscript addresses a relevant topic and includes a timely discussion. However, I struggled to understand section 3.1.”
  • “I think that the manuscript can be improved by removing section 4 and integrating it into section 5.”
  • “The discussion and conclusions are difficult to follow and need to be rewritten to highlight the key contributions of this manuscript.”
  • “The line of argumentation should be improved by dividing the manuscript into clear sections with subheadings.”

If you want to learn more about common reasons for a ‘major revisions’ decision and see examples of how an actual peer review might look like, check out this post on ‘major revisions’ .

  • “I encourage the authors to revise their manuscript and to resubmit it to the journal.”
  • “In its current form, this paper cannot be considered for publication. However, I see value in the research approach and encourage the authors to revise and resubmit their manuscript.”
  • “ With the right changes, I believe that this manuscript can make a valuable contribution to the field of …”
  • “The paper addresses a valuable topic and raises interesting questions. However, the logic of the argument is difficult to follow. “
  • “The manuscript tries to achieve too many things at the same time. The authors need to narrow down their research focus.”
  • “The authors raise many interesting points, which makes it difficult for the reader to follow their main argument. I recommend that the authors determine what their main argument is, and structure their manuscript accordingly.”
  • “The literature review raises interesting theoretical debates. However, in its current form, it does not provide a good framework for the empirical analysis.”
  • “A clearer theoretical stance will increase the quality of the paper.”
  • “The manuscript draws on impressive data, as described in the methodology. However, the wealth of data does not come across in the analysis. My recommendation is to increase the number of interview quotes, figures and statistics in the empirical analysis.”
  • “The authors draw several conclusions which are hard to connect to their empirical findings. “
  • The authors are advised to critically reflect on the generalizability of their research findings.”
  • “The manuscript needs to better emphasise the research relevance and its practical implications.”
  • “It is unclear what the authors consider their main contribution to the academic literature, and what they envisage in terms of recommendations for further research.”

If you want to learn more about common reasons for a ‘revise and resubmit’ decision and see examples of how an actual peer review might look like, check out this post on ‘revise and resubmit’ .

  • “I do not believe that this journal is a good fit for this paper.”
  • “While the paper addresses an interesting issue, it is not publishable in its current form.”
  • “In its current state, I do not recommend accepting this paper.”
  • “Unfortunately, the literature review is inadequate. It lacks..”
  • “The paper lacks a convincing theoretical framework ,  which is necessary to be considered for publication.”
  • “Unfortunately, the empirical data does not meet disciplinary standards.”
  • “While I applaud the authors’ efforts, the paper does not provide sufficient empirical evidence.”
  • “The empirical material is too underdeveloped to consider this paper for publication.”
  • “The paper has too many structural issues, which makes it hard to follow the argument.”
  • “There is a strong mismatch between the literature review and the empirical analysis.”
  • “The main contribution of this paper is unclear.”
  • “It is unclear what the paper contributes to the existing academic literature.”
  • “The originality of this paper needs to be worked out before it can be considered for publication.”
  • “Unfortunately, the language and sentence structures of this manuscript are at times incomprehensible. The paper needs rewriting and thorough language editing to allow for a proper peer review.”

If you want to learn more about common reasons for a ‘reject’ decision and see examples of how an actual peer review might look like, check out this post on ‘reject’ decisions .

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Best Dissertation Writing Services: Comprehensive Analysis Of 7 Leading Providers

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Hello there, I’m Nicole Hardy, and I’m going to share with you this comprehensive review of top dissertation writing companies. 

As a seasoned academic writer, I know the numerous hurdles PhD candidates encounter, with dissertations being the pinnacle challenge. In response to this, a myriad of dedicated dissertation writing websites has emerged to provide holistic support during this rigorous journey. These services cater to all dissertation phases, from proposal drafting to the final touches, all while aligning with your unique research requirements. Leveraging their aid can significantly boost the caliber of your work, help you meet your research goals, and adhere to the stringent timelines of doctoral studies.

Over the years, I’ve honed my craft in academic writing and now seek to use this expertise to assist you. My goal is to help you traverse the winding roads of dissertation creation, steering you toward the best dissertation writing services that align perfectly with your needs.

For this, I’ve done a thorough investigation of the top contenders in the market, zeroing in on those that consistently deliver superior quality. Join me as I delve into this comprehensive review of the top seven dissertation writing services, each scrutinized for your benefit.

Best Dissertation Writing Services Reviewed

Essayservice.

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EssayService has established itself as a titan in the dissertation writing industry, becoming one of the best dissertation writing services and a top choice for students seeking assistance with their doctoral work. Its appeal is broad, attracting scholars from various disciplines, indicating a diverse pool of writers.

When placing an order, a simple five-minute process, I found an impressive feature: the option to choose your own writer, engage in dialogue, review their expertise, and read reviews left by previous clients. This invaluable feature is provided at no extra cost.

As for prices, the cost of a dissertation starts at $12.35/page, with editing at $6.18 and rewriting at $8.65. There are also attractive complimentary features like free revisions, formatting, plagiarism report, title page, and outline.

Pros of EssayService:

  • The writer incorporated the latest research into my dissertation.
  • I had the liberty to select a writer whose expertise matched my specific area.
  • There were numerous options to save on cost.
  • The service guarantees complete confidentiality.
  • For those operating on a tight budget and seeking help with dissertation writing for less than $12 per page, this may not be the ideal choice. However, do note that EssayService offers significant volume discounts.

One customer’s review said, “I was able to choose a writer who was an expert in my field. The final work was thoroughly researched, well-structured, and original.”

In my opinion, EssayService is a reliable solution for complex dissertations due to its long-standing reputation and unique features.

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For those in need of reliable, swift service for their doctoral dissertation, EssayPro is a strong contender. The company prides itself on speedy delivery, offering a finished product in the shortest time possible without compromising on quality. Even with a quick turnaround, you can expect an original, carefully structured dissertation that meets your academic standards.

In order to test this, I set the shortest possible deadline. The service was prompt and delivered on its promises. The dissertation was original, well-sourced, and carefully structured.

The dissertation order process here is very simple. Clients specify requirements, pick the right writer, and keep track of progress to foster transparency.

Pricing is competitive, with the cost of a dissertation starting at $12.4/page, a master’s dissertation at $14.3, and a doctoral dissertation at $15.6.

Pros of EssayPro:

  • I found it easy to ascertain the competence and qualifications of writers, thanks to their detailed profiles and reviews.
  • I was granted unlimited opportunities for revision after receiving the dissertation.
  • Not a single grammatical error could be found in the entire dissertation.
  • Prompt delivery was guaranteed, and they even had the shortest deadline option.
  • During peak hours, I noticed a slight delay in receiving responses from customer support.

A customer mentioned, “The comprehensive support provided by the platform, from initial proposal to final dissertation, was invaluable in achieving my research objectives.” 

Among the best dissertation writing services, EssayPro is an ideal platform for time-sensitive dissertation needs.

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When describing DoMyEssay, one could say it’s where expertise meets excellence. With a highly skilled writing team, your dissertation is crafted with precision and backed by up-to-date research. Notably, this service allows you to handpick a writer based on their academic background and user reviews, ensuring a match with your discipline and study focus.

The platform also encourages open communication between you, your writer, and the support team, making it one of the best dissertation writing services.

Ordering a dissertation here is straightforward. Fill out a form, select an apt writer, and engage in communication to ensure an open process.

The pricing for dissertation writing starts at $12.35/page, with editing at $6.18 and rewriting at $8.65. These prices, combined with money-saving options, make DoMyEssay a cost-effective choice.

Pros of DoMyEssay:

  • The communication with writers was seamless, facilitated by a direct chat option.
  • The quality of work was consistently high.
  • The dissertation was original and displayed a meticulous organization of sources and citations.
  • The service offers free revisions and a money-back guarantee.
  • Opting for a professionally written dissertation might limit one’s opportunities for self-research and building background knowledge on the subject. However, the time saved can be quite significant.

A customer review notes, “Their clear communication and strict adherence to my dissertation requirements set them apart from others, ensuring a smooth, hassle-free experience.”

In my opinion, DoMyEssay is a risk-free and affordable choice for any dissertation, setting a high standard in the industry.

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When I approached EssayHub with a request to write my dissertation, the service didn’t disappoint. They tuned into my specific needs, asking for detailed requirements to ensure the dissertation was personalized and tailored to my academic objectives. The level of professionalism exhibited by the writer, particularly in their handling of sources, was exemplary. I found all in-text citations and references accurate, and none of the sources were more than five years old. 

As a stickler for originality, I was relieved by their zero-plagiarism policy, which was confirmed when I ran the delivered work through a plagiarism checker.

Ordering a dissertation on this platform couldn’t be more simple. You fill in the details in a form, pick a suitable writer, and keep in touch to make sure the process remains transparent.

Dissertation writing with EssayHub is priced at $12.35/page, with editing at $6.18 and rewriting at $8.65. 

Pros of EssayHub:

  • The writer exhibited exceptional professionalism during the creation of my dissertation.
  • The paper was 100% original, fulfilling my requirement for unique content.
  • The support team is available round the clock, providing constant assistance.
  • Due to the complexity of my dissertation instructions, additional time was required for clarifications with the writer.

A fellow client remarked, “The professional approach of EssayHub impressed me. They clearly understood the essence of my research, delivering a dissertation that exceeded my expectations.”

EssayHub is a worthy choice if you are pursuing a well-researched and in-depth dissertation. 

PaperWriter

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Navigating the PaperWriter website was a breeze, thanks to its user-friendly design and intuitive layout. I found the price calculator particularly useful in predicting the cost of my dissertation. The support team was incredibly helpful, walking me through the entire process and answering all my queries patiently. My assigned writer did make a small formatting mistake, but they promptly corrected it free of charge. It’s worth mentioning their 100% refund policy, offering added peace of mind.

As one of the best dissertation writing services, PaperWriter makes the dissertation order process straightforward. Customers submit a detailed form, choose from bidding writers, and follow the work’s progress online while directly communicating with the writer.

PaperWriter charges $12.35 per page for writing, $6.18 for editing, and $8.65 for rewriting.

Pros of PaperWriter:

  • Navigating the order process was seamless.
  • Support was quick to respond and handle my inquiries.
  • My revision request was promptly addressed and implemented without hassle.
  • Sometimes, it might require a little patience to hear back from the writer as they can get quite busy.
  • Page numbers were initially missed in my dissertation draft.

One of the customers said, “Using PaperWriter for my dissertation was a delightful experience. The professionalism and quick response to revisions were impressive.” Judging by my own experience with the service, the swift revisions and unwavering professionalism are a testament to their dedication to customer satisfaction.

For ease of use and a smooth dissertation writing experience, PaperWriter is a commendable choice.

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Studyfy is an all-encompassing academic help platform that catered to my dissertation writing needs perfectly. I was impressed by the writer’s swift delivery of my dissertation and their capacity to personalize the work to fit my academic objectives. Despite a few formatting errors, the dissertation was well-researched and original, earning Studyfy a place among my go-to thesis writing services.

Ordering a dissertation at Studyfy is very easy. You detail your needs in a form, suitable writers bid on the task, and the work progress is tracked online, with ongoing communication with the writer. Even as a first-time customer, the user-friendly interface made it simple for me to navigate through the ordering process.

For writing a dissertation, Studyfy charges $12.35/page, for editing $6.18, and for rewriting $8.65.

Pros of Studyfy:

  • The pricing structure was reasonable.
  • I was surprised by the swift turnaround—my dissertation was ready before the deadline.
  • Obtaining a plagiarism report at no additional cost was a nice touch.
  • There were some minor formatting inconsistencies in my dissertation that required revision.
  • Support can only be reached through chat and email.

A fellow user shared, “Studyfy made my dissertation journey stress-free. Their quick delivery and originality are simply top-notch.” After using the service, I can affirm that they truly deliver on their promise of speed and originality when it comes to dissertation writing.

Fast, affordable, and adhering to originality standards, Studyfy is a reliable platform for your dissertation needs.

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WritePaper simplifies the daunting process of dissertation writing. I found their writers highly professional, and they showcased a wide spectrum of knowledge across various disciplines. The customer support was efficient, albeit a bit slower during night hours. The safe payment methods and money-back guarantee further attest to the reliability of the service. Also, they offer a balanced price point which makes quality dissertation writing accessible to a wide range of students.

With WritePaper, you simply need to fill out an order form detailing your dissertation requirements, select from bidding writers, and track work progress online. What truly makes WritePaper one of the best dissertation writing services is the transparency of the whole process, providing a reassuring sense of control over one’s dissertation journey.

WritePaper offers thesis writing services for $12.35 per page, editing for $6.18, and rewriting for $8.65.

Pros of WritePaper:

  • The balance of price and quality was favorable.
  • Several secure payment options were available.
  • Support was accessible round the clock.
  • The initial response time from the support team was a tad slow.
  • Consistency in writing style and tone may vary unless a sample of your work is provided to the writer.

A satisfied customer noted, “WritePaper transformed my dissertation writing experience. The quality of work and professional approach was beyond my expectations.”

If you’re seeking reliable, professional dissertation writing across various disciplines, WritePaper is a safe bet.

FAQ About Dissertation Writing Services

5 tips for choosing the best dissertation writing services from me .

Emphasize Quality

High-quality thesis writing services should be your go-to. Your choice of service should not compromise quality for a lower cost. When you decide to write my dissertation through a service, remember that it’s a serious academic endeavor that requires professional execution.

  • Require Versatility

Opt for a service that can cater to an array of writing requirements. Although their prime expertise should be dissertation writing, a versatile service is more equipped to cater to unique dissertation needs.

  • Expect 24/7 Support

Make sure the service provides round-the-clock customer support. This availability ensures that you’ll get the help you need, no matter what time it is.

  • Check Their Reputation

Thoroughly look through customer reviews. Choose a writing service that consistently delivers high-quality work. A long-standing positive reputation is a reliable sign of high service quality.

  • Evaluate Pricing

Choose a service that suits your budget and maintains quality. The pricing structure of most top-notch dissertation services depends on the academic level, the number of pages, and the deadline. Understanding the pricing model can help you avoid any unexpected costs.

Are services offering dissertation writing legitimate?

Absolutely, services that offer dissertation writing are entirely legitimate. The leading ones offer their specialized expertise to help doctoral candidates flourish academically, thus reducing the risk of discontinuation due to overwhelming workloads. These platforms serve as valuable learning resources, providing access to in-depth research materials.

They employ only professional writers whose educational backgrounds are thoroughly verified, ensuring they possess the knowledge and skills necessary to deliver high-quality content. A zero-plagiarism policy is a hallmark of legitimacy, as these companies provide only original, meticulously crafted dissertations.

Furthermore, the best dissertation writing services strictly adhere to data protection regulations and consumer rights, implementing robust procedures to safeguard your privacy and data security. Their operations fall well within the legal framework, complying with the required laws and regulations in the industry.

Transparent business practices, including clear pricing, quality guarantees, refund policies, and comprehensive terms and conditions, are an additional testament to their trustworthiness. These indicate a service that operates with integrity and is genuinely committed to aiding your academic journey.

Do dissertation writing services hold any value in today’s context?

In the fast-paced academic environment of today, dissertation writing websites can be an invaluable resource for students. The relentless pressure to meet tight deadlines while maintaining high standards of research and writing can be overwhelming. These services, offering specialized assistance and expertise, can help balance this workload effectively.

Among the available options, the best dissertation writing services mentioned in this review stand out. They employ skilled writers who are experts in their respective fields and understand the intricacies of academic writing. These professionals not only craft dissertations that are well-researched and eloquently written but also meet all the academic standards and guidelines required by most universities.

So, are these services worth it? For many students, the answer is a resounding yes. These services not only save valuable time but also provide a safety net for those who may struggle with the demanding nature of dissertation writing. The final product delivered by these services is often worth more than the cost, offering peace of mind and a high-quality dissertation.

Which online dissertation writing company offers the most economical rates?

Navigating the virtual landscape for the most cost-efficient dissertation writing company can seem like a daunting task. It’s not just about finding the lowest price but ensuring that low cost doesn’t compromise the academic quality you need. Among the myriad of services available, all of the dissertation writing companies I have mentioned provide an excellent blend of affordability and high-quality results.

These services operate with transparent pricing structures, which vary based on the complexity and urgency of the dissertation. They offer the flexibility you need to select a service that comfortably aligns with your budget, all the while promising a quality output that can propel you toward academic success.

Remember that the cost will depend on your unique requirements and specifications. However, rest assured that the best dissertation writing services mentioned in this review provide not only economical options but also ensure your hard-earned money is invested wisely in your academic journey. Every penny spent on these services is an investment toward a high-quality dissertation and, ultimately, your future.

What are the benefits of seeking thesis writing assistance from the listed services?

Choosing to employ the assistance of one of the presented thesis writing companies comes with a myriad of benefits. Notably, these services are tailor-made to cater to the unique requirements of your dissertation and your specific academic discipline.

Collaborating with expert writers from these best dissertation writing services assures a thesis of the highest academic standard. These professionals have a vast knowledge base spanning multiple fields and are adept at academic writing. They can assist in crafting a dissertation that is not only well-structured and compelling in its argumentation but also exhibits thorough research and understanding of the topic.

Moreover, these services can also provide a fresh, unbiased perspective on your work, improving the overall coherence and quality of your thesis. They can help identify potential weaknesses, improve argumentative flow, and refine the language to enhance clarity and impact. Engaging with one of these thesis writing companies can be a strategic step toward enhancing the quality of your dissertation and elevating your academic journey.

Why should I ask one of these best dissertation writing services to write my dissertation?

There are numerous compelling reasons to do so.

Requesting the services of a professional to write your dissertation not only alleviates the significant stress associated with this monumental academic task but also ensures a level of quality and coherence that may be challenging to achieve without expert guidance. Leveraging the expertise of these best dissertation writing services guarantees a dissertation of superior academic standard, tailored to your specific field and adhering to all requisite guidelines.

Moreover, these thesis writing services can provide invaluable insights and unique perspectives on your chosen topic. The comprehensive support they provide, from the formulation of a compelling thesis statement to the meticulous citation of sources, ensures a well-crafted dissertation that exhibits the depth of research, cogency of argument, and clarity of expression.

In addition, engaging top dissertation writing companies allows you to focus on other critical aspects of your academic or personal life, as pursuing a degree, especially at the doctoral level, involves juggling multiple responsibilities. 

Do all the best dissertation writing companies employ only qualified writers who are native English speakers?

The answer is a resounding yes.

Among the best dissertation writing services, maintaining a team of highly qualified writers who are native speakers is standard practice. These writers are not only proficient in English but also hold advanced academic degrees and possess extensive experience in their respective fields. This ensures that when you ask them to write my dissertation, you are securing the services of a knowledgeable and skilled professional who can produce a high-quality dissertation.

Furthermore, the majority of these writers undergo a rigorous selection process that includes language proficiency tests and trial assignments. So, whether it’s thesis writing services or other academic help, you can be assured of its quality. With their command of English and understanding of the intricacies of academic writing, they can craft a dissertation that is not only rich in content but also impeccable in language and style.

Moreover, these services have rigorous protocols for training their writers and keeping them updated with the latest trends and changes in academic writing. 

Final Thoughts

My exploration into the realm of dissertation writing companies has led me to realize their immense value in the academic journey. Choosing to engage with one of the best dissertation writing services is more than just outsourcing an academic task. It’s investing in a partner who can help you navigate the complexities of a dissertation, alleviate your stress, and enhance the quality of your work.

These seven best dissertation writing services, staffed by highly qualified and experienced professionals, are geared to help you achieve your academic goals. They offer a range of services tailored to your specific needs and work diligently to ensure your dissertation is of the highest standard.

As someone who has been a part of the academic writing world for a long time now, I can confidently affirm that choosing the right dissertation writing company is a strategic decision that can significantly influence your academic journey’s success. It’s an investment that yields a high return—a well-crafted, compelling dissertation that stands as a testament to your hard work and intellectual prowess.

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This post was authored by an external contributor and does not represent Benzinga's opinions and has not been edited for content. This contains sponsored content and is for informational purposes only and not intended to be investing advice.

© 2023 Benzinga.com. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

As we have previously mentioned, we value our writers' time and hard work and therefore require our clients to put some funds on their account balance. The money will be there until you confirm that you are fully satisfied with our work and are ready to pay your paper writer. If you aren't satisfied, we'll make revisions or give you a full refund.

PenMyPaper offers you with affordable ‘write me an essay service’

We try our best to keep the prices for my essay writing as low as possible so that it does not end up burning a hole in your pocket. The prices are based on the requirements of the placed order like word count, the number of pages, type of academic content, and many more. At the same time, you can be eligible for some attractive discounts on the overall writing service and get to write with us seamlessly. Be it any kind of academic work and from any domain, our writers will get it done exclusively for you with the greatest efficiency possible.

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4 reasons to write my essay with us!

You are always welcome to check some of our previously done projects given on our website and then judge it for yourself. Apart from that, we can give you 4 significant reasons to be a part of our customer base:

  • Only professional ‘my essay writer', who are highly qualified and a master in their academic field, will write for you
  • Quality control is rigorously maintained by us and is thoroughly aligned with the given question brief and instructions.
  • We will also provide you with a thorough Plagiarism report by the Turnitin software which will ensure the originality of the draft
  • You are free to revise your draft with us till you are contented with the subject matter.

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Can you write essays for free?

Sometimes our managers receive ambiguous questions from the site. At first, we did not know how to correctly respond to such requests, but we are progressing every day, so we have improved our support service. Our consultants will competently answer strange suggestions and recommend a different way to solve the problem.

The question of whether we can write a text for the user for free no longer surprises anyone from the team. For those who still do not know the answer, read the description of the online platform in more detail.

We love our job very much and are ready to write essays even for free. We want to help people and make their lives better, but if the team does not receive money, then their life will become very bad. Each work must be paid and specialists from the team also want to receive remuneration for their work. For our clients, we have created the most affordable prices so that a student can afford this service. But we cannot be left completely without a salary, because every author has needs for food, housing and recreation.

We hope that you will understand us and agree to such working conditions, and if not, then there are other agencies on the Internet that you can ask for such an option.

Customer Reviews

I ordered a paper with a 3-day deadline. They delivered it prior to the agreed time. Offered free alterations and asked if I want them to fix something. However, everything looked perfect to me.

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Finished Papers

Don’t Drown In Assignments — Hire an Essay Writer to Help!

Does a pile of essay writing prevent you from sleeping at night? We know the feeling. But we also know how to help it. Whenever you have an assignment coming your way, shoot our 24/7 support a message or fill in the quick 10-minute request form on our site. Our essay help exists to make your life stress-free, while still having a 4.0 GPA. When you pay for an essay, you pay not only for high-quality work but for a smooth experience. Our bonuses are what keep our clients coming back for more. Receive a free originality report, have direct contact with your writer, have our 24/7 support team by your side, and have the privilege to receive as many revisions as required.

We have the ultimate collection of writers in our portfolio, so once you ask us to write my essay, we can find you the most fitting one according to your topic. The perks of having highly qualified writers don't end there. We are able to help each and every client coming our way as we have specialists to take on the easiest and the hardest tasks. Whatever essay writing you need help with, let it be astronomy or geography, we got you covered! If you have a hard time selecting your writer, contact our friendly 24/7 support team and they will find you the most suitable one. Once your writer begins the work, we strongly suggest you stay in touch with them through a personal encrypted chat to make any clarifications or edits on the go. Even if miscommunications do happen and you aren't satisfied with the initial work, we can make endless revisions and present you with more drafts ASAP. Payment-free of course. Another reason why working with us will benefit your academic growth is our extensive set of bonuses. We offer a free originality report, title, and reference page, along with the previously mentioned limitless revisions.

A standard essay helper is an expert we assign at no extra cost when your order is placed. Within minutes, after payment has been made, this type of writer takes on the job. A standard writer is the best option when you’re on a budget but the deadline isn’t burning. Within a couple of days, a new custom essay will be done for you from the ground up. Unique content, genuine research, spot-on APA/MLA formatting, and peerless grammar are guaranteed. Also, we’ll provide you with a free title page, bibliography, and plagiarism check. With a standard writer, you can count on a quality essay that will live up to all your expectations.

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Megan Sharp

IMAGES

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VIDEO

  1. This Researcher Submitted A Paper In 3 Weeks

  2. How I Completed My PHD In 3 Years!

  3. Ph.D. Chapter two Literature Review for a Thesis| HOW TO WRITE CHAPTE TWO for Ph.D

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  5. How to make Dissertation? Complete Details about Dissertation / Thesis for Bachelors/ Masters Degree

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COMMENTS

  1. How to Write a Literature Review

    What is the purpose of a literature review? When you write a thesis, dissertation, or research paper, you will likely have to conduct a literature review to situate your research within existing knowledge. The literature review gives you a chance to: Demonstrate your familiarity with the topic and its scholarly context

  2. Addressing Reviewer Comments: Refining Your Dissertation

    The dissertation journey is a rigorous and demanding one, and as you near the finish line, you encounter a critical phase: addressing reviewer comments. These comments, whether from your dissertation committee or peer reviewers, are a fundamental part of the academic process.

  3. PDF Reviewing the Review: An Assessment of Dissertation Reviewer ...

    Reviewing the Review: An Assessment of Dissertation Reviewer Feedback Quality Abstract Throughout the dissertation process, the chair and commitee members provide feedback regarding quality to help the doctoral candidate to produce the highest-quality document and become an independent scholar.

  4. how to write your dissertation literature review

    METHOD 1. I purchased a big stack of index cards from the dollar store, cut them in half, and pulled out some zipper seal baggies. As I read an article (on my computer), I would write out the ID - Name - Year in marker at the top of my index card (so it was thicker than pen), and then wrote down the idea or quote.

  5. Starting the dissertation

    Cone advises the following steps to pick a topic: Ask a favorite professor, preferably one active in research, about possible topics. Read departmental information on the research interests of the faculty to find a topic a faculty member is interested in as well. Consider asking the faculty member to be a part of your dissertation committee ...

  6. PDF ME Dissertation Review Card for New Course (Effective from 2018-19)

    Master of Engineering (Dissertation Review Card) Date: D D / M M / Y Y Y Y Applicable from 2019 onwards for New Syllabus - effective from Academic year 2018-19. Semester: 4 Subject Name & Code: Internal Review -2 - 3740001 IR-2 Student's Enrollment: Name of Student : Student's Mail ID:- Branch Code Students Contact No. Branch Name

  7. Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation

    A dissertation review often has multiple goals. If the dissertation is solely a review, the author may be primarily interested in integration, but it also may be necessary to critically analyze the research, identify central issues, or explicate an argument. However, if a dissertation author is using th e literature review to justify

  8. What Is a Dissertation?

    A dissertation is a long-form piece of academic writing based on original research conducted by you. It is usually submitted as the final step in order to finish a PhD program. Your dissertation is probably the longest piece of writing you've ever completed. It requires solid research, writing, and analysis skills, and it can be intimidating ...

  9. How to Write the Dissertation Literature Review

    Steps of Writing a Literature Review. 1. Gather, Assess, and Choose Relevant Literature. The first seed to take when writing your dissertation or thesis is to choose a fascinating and manageable research topic. Once a topic has been selected, you can begin searching for relevant academic sources. If you are writing a literature review for your ...

  10. How to review a dissertation, thesis, or report

    Beginning in fall 2021, faculty advisors will be asked to review and approve dissertations, theses, and reports in Digital Commons. This will replace the Approval form, and will allow faculty to see the work their student has submitted and be notified when it is published. This process is similar to reviewing a journal article. When . . .

  11. Reviewer comments: examples for common peer review decisions

    Examples of 'major revisions' reviewer comments "The manuscript shows a lot of promise, but some major issues need to be addressed before it can be published." "This manuscript addresses a timely topic and makes a relevant contribution to the field. However, some major revisions are needed before it can be published."

  12. ME Dissertation Review Card For New Course (Effective From ...

    Master of Engineering (Dissertation Review Card) Applicable from 2019 onwards for New Syllabus - effective from Academic year 2018-19. Internal Review -1 Semester: 3 Subject Name & Code: IR-1 3730002 Student's Enrollment: Name of Student : Student's Mail ID:- Branch Code Students Contact No. Branch Name Theme of Title : Title of Thesis :

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    5. Review Cards 5.1. Photo copy of all review comment cards for all the previous reviews viz. Dissertation Phase I, Mid Sem. along with Remedial of review (if applicable) should be submitted along with the thesis. Thesis will not be accepted without Photo Copy of all Review Comment Cards. Review comment cards should be attached as appendices after

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