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The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Peace and Conflict Studies pp 1008–1013 Cite as

Peace Journalism

  • Florian Zollmann 3  
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Conflict resolution ; Conflict sensitive journalism ; Constructive journalism ; News and conflict ; Peace ; Peace and conflict studies ; War

Peace journalism refers to a particular practice of journalism that aims to contribute toward peace in various conflict situations. Peace journalism merges aspects from conflict studies and journalism studies to enable a constructive model of journalism. Peace journalism provides a two-tiered approach: Peace journalism offers a framework to critique the shortfalls of traditional war journalism and it expounds a set of standards for practitioners to constructively report on conflict situations with a view toward achieving peace. Peace journalism could help to mitigate crises because it is based on constructive norms that enable journalists to report on the causes of societal problems and provide constructive strategies for social action and change. There are many actual examples of peace journalism especially in the alternative news...

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Zollmann, F. (2022). Peace Journalism. In: Richmond, O.P., Visoka, G. (eds) The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Peace and Conflict Studies. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-77954-2_179

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The Media and Peacebuilding Project

The Media and Peacebuilding Project

School of Media and Public Affairs

dissertation peace journalism

What is Peace Journalism?

By steven youngblood.

dissertation peace journalism

Keeping in mind peace journalism’s applicability across these many domains, the Center for Global Peace Journalism, using the Lynch/McGoldrick 17 points as a foundation, has devised a 10 point list that describes the elements of peace journalism.

Peace Journalism Elements

1. PJ is proactive, examining the causes of conflict, and leading discussions about solutions.

2. PJ looks to unite parties, rather than divide them, and eschews oversimplified “us vs. them” and “good guy vs. bad guy” reporting.

3. Peace reporters reject official propaganda, and instead seek facts from all sources.

4. PJ is balanced, covering issues/suffering/peace proposals from all sides of a conflict.

5. PJ gives voice to the voiceless, instead of just reporting for and about elites and those in power.

6. Peace journalists provide depth and context, rather than just superficial and sensational “blow by blow” accounts of violence and conflict.

7. Peace journalists consider the consequences of their reporting.

8. Peace journalists carefully choose and analyze the words they use, understanding that carelessly selected words are often inflammatory.

9. Peace journalists thoughtfully select the images they use, understanding that they can misrepresent an event, exacerbate an already dire situation, and re-victimize those who have suffered.

10. Peace Journalists offer counter-narratives that debunk media created or perpetuated stereotypes, myths, and misperceptions.

The 10 PJ principles, and those laid out by Lynch and McGoldrick, were created in response to sensational, irresponsible reporting that ignores or devalues peaceful responses while exacerbating already tense, contentious, difficult situations. This irresponsible reporting underscores the need for peace journalism.

Steven Youngblood is the founding director of the Center for Global Peace Journalism at Park University in Parkville, Missouri USA, where he is a communications professor. He has organized and taught peace journalism in 25 countries around the world. Youngblood is a two-time J. William Fulbright Scholar and author of “Peace Journalism: Principles and Practices” and “Professor Komagum.” He edits “The Peace Journalist” magazine, and writes and produces the “Peace Journalism Insights” blog.

Steven Youngblood’s Blog>

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Icfj

The importance of peace journalism and how to go about it

By lungelo ndhlovu nov 19, 2021 in specialized topics.

picture

When reporting on conflicts and crises, journalists need to be aware of both the negative consequences their reporting can have, as well as the potential their coverage has to promote peace in their communities.

This is precisely what the Center for Global Peace Journalism at Park University in Missouri focuses on in its curriculum.

“Peace journalism is when editors and reporters make choices that improve the prospects for peace in whatever story they are working on,” said Professor Steven Youngblood , the Center’s founder. “These choices, including how to frame stories and carefully choose which words are used, create an atmosphere conducive to peace and supportive of peace initiatives and peacemakers, without compromising the basic principles of good journalism.”

Youngblood has conducted seminars on peace journalism around the world, in countries such as Kosovo, Nigeria and Yemen. He also runs a blog on the practice, called Peace Journalism Insights .

How can reporters today best adhere to practices of peace journalism? Here are helpful tips from a recent training for African journalists hosted by Youngblood. 

[Read more: "Slow journalism" startup hits its stride during the pandemic]

How to be a peace journalist.

During the training, Admire Masuku , a journalism lecturer at the Harare Polytechnic School of Journalism and Mass Communication in Zimbabwe provided a series of peace journalism tips. 

“When reporting about peace, journalists must stick to news values. Journalists must avoid morphing, distorting photos, staging or altering a scene. Journalists must secure alternative voices in their reportage and fact-check all the facts,” he said, adding that they must be impartial and capture a variety of perspectives.

Journalists should also be mindful of the language they use in their reporting, and how it can contribute to pre-emption, containment and de-escalation of conflict. “Use appropriate language and avoid manipulative and subjective language. Avoid bias and pandering to partisan interests and care about the welfare of people. Journalists must avoid profanity, hate speech [and misinformation, and] treat sources and subjects as human beings deserving of respect. Never treat sources as a means to an end,” he said.

Editorial independence is key in peace reporting, too, added Masuku: “Act independently, avoid associations that may compromise your independence and avoid undue influence from advertisers, [religious institutions], sponsors and politicians.”

According to Youngblood, it’s also imperative for journalists to understand that peace reporting shouldn’t be carried out only during times of conflict. Instead, they should regularly incorporate its principles in their daily reporting.

Peace journalism in Africa 

Zimbabwean journalist Patience Rusare helped launch programs at the Makerere University Rotary Peace Centre to train reporters on how to write about conflict and cover political disputes. 

“The trainings speak to the role of media in peace building, how media practices can prevent the escalation of conflict and promote its non-violent resolution,” she explained. “[They] cumulatively represent a rich collection of experiences and cases that skillfully tell the story of the connections between media and peace building in Africa and beyond.”

Through the programs, which are held in Zimbabwe, Nigeria and Liberia, Rusare explores core values of truth, social justice, equity, and balanced news reporting. 

[Read more: Young newsroom reports on humanitarian issues in Nigeria and greater West Africa]

Characteristics of peace journalism.

According to Youngblood, peace journalism has the following characteristics:

  • It’s proactive, examining the causes of conflict. It looks for ways to encourage dialogue before violence occurs, and explores solutions.
  • It acknowledges a common ground between parties, and rejects oversimplified “Us vs. Them” and “Good Guy vs. Bad Guy” reporting. Peace reporters reject propaganda from any source, and instead seek facts from all sources.
  • It is balanced, covering issues/suffering/peace proposals from all sides of a conflict. It also gives voice to the voiceless, instead of just reporting for and about elites, and those in power.

A full list of tips from Youngblood’s Peace Journalism Insights blog can be found here .

Photo by Sunguk Kim on Unsplash .

Read more articles by

dissertation peace journalism

Lungelo Ndhlovu

Lungelo Ndhlovu is a multiple-award winning international journalist based in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. He specializes in news writing, photography and video production, covering major news, features and local events for various media organizations.

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Lynch, Jake. "--Published works on Peace Journalism." Thesis, City University London, 2007. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.485820.

McGoldrick, Annabel. "The evolving case for peace journalism." Thesis, The University of Sydney, 2014. http://hdl.handle.net/2123/12005.

Michaels, Jennifer Dawn. "Disturbers of the Peace." Thesis, The University of Arizona, 1992. http://hdl.handle.net/10150/292242.

Myint, Zin Mar. "Peace journalism and framing in the Northern Rakhine State of Myanmar." Thesis, Kansas State University, 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/2097/35433.

Kabashi, Festina. "News Framing on Bosnian Conflict : Exploring the Peace and War Journalism Perspective." Thesis, Umeå universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-155576.

Agö, Jenny. "Out of the dark : A qualitative field study of Kenyan reporters' role in the Somalia conflict." Thesis, Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för mediestudier, 2012. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:su:diva-77390.

Cruikshank, Sally Ann. "Peace under Fire: Building the Media Agenda in Post-Genocide Rwanda." Ohio University / OhioLINK, 2013. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=ohiou1365154180.

Hällgren, Linda. "Peace- and War Journalism : A critical discourse analysis of newspaper editorials on the topic of Iran's nuclear program." Thesis, Umeå universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, 2012. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-57130.

Weighton, Lisa. "The Ghost in the (News) Room: Peace Journalism and its Limits in Kenya's Complex Media Environment." Thesis, Université d'Ottawa / University of Ottawa, 2015. http://hdl.handle.net/10393/32571.

Du, Toit Peter Andrew. "A study of South African journalists' perceptions of their roles in reporting on social conflict and how these relate to concepts of peace journalism." Thesis, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, 2013. http://hdl.handle.net/10948/d1011639.

Temo, Sumbu. "Broadcasting Peace In CôTe D’Ivoire: What Happens After Democracy? : A case study of Côte d’Ivoire’s UN radio- ONUCI FM." Thesis, Södertörns högskola, Journalistik, 2017. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39642.

Geigenberger, Laura. "“Seeing is believing ... ?” An exploration of photojournalism in war reporting and its conceptualization within the scope of War and Peace Journalism." Thesis, Södertörns högskola, Journalistik, 2020. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-40884.

Hansen, Maike. "Potential for Peace Journalism? : Exploring the factors that influenced the coverage of Hong Kong’s Anti-Extradition protests." Thesis, Malmö universitet, Malmö högskola, Institutionen för globala politiska studier (GPS), 2020. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:mau:diva-36945.

Sharp, Stephen. "From Primordialism to Peace Journalism: Lessons from Reporting Transitional Violence in Indonesia from the Late New Order to Early Reformasi." Thesis, Griffith University, 2011. http://hdl.handle.net/10072/367313.

Karlsson, Josefine. "Krigsjournalistik : En kritisk diskursanalys av New York Times rapportering av kriget i Afghanistan 2001." Thesis, Örebro : Örebro University. School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, 2008. http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:175140/FULLTEXT01.

Weisman, Chad M. "Just Coverage and the Path to Peace: Reporting Operation Protective Edge in Haaretz, BBC Online, and The New York Times." Ohio University / OhioLINK, 2017. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=ohiou148353082855729.

Indradat, Arpapat. "Peace journalism and Thailand's southern insurgency : a comparative analysis of the conflict coverage in Bangkok Post and The Nation." Thesis, Bournemouth University, 2015. http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/24512/.

Moiloa, Makhotso Mamasole Ruth. "The construction of news texts on 'peace' an analysis of Sunday Times' coverage of the Peace Summits in the Democratic Republic of Congo (August 1998 - January 2001)." Thesis, Rhodes University, 2003. http://hdl.handle.net/10962/d1002922.

Youssef, Ahmed. "A Critical Analysis on Media Coverage of the Egyptian Revolution : The Case of Al-Ahram, Al-Masry Al-Youm, The Telegraph and The Washington Post." Thesis, Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap, 2012. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-24079.

Bui, Thi Hong Nhung. "WAR/ PEACE JOURNALISM APPROACH IN VIETNAMESE ONLINE MEDIA COVERAGE OF SOUTH CHINA SEA DISPUTE : An analysis of Mediated Vietnamese Public Diplomacy Messages." Thesis, Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap, 2012. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-22982.

Shebib, Lisa A. "A case for peace photojournalism in Northern Ireland: A media content analysis." Thesis, University of Bradford, 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/10454/17215.

Arvidsson, Joel. "Coffee, Cocaine and Kidnappings : Swedish media's portrayal of the Colombian conflict." Thesis, Stockholms universitet, JMK, 2018. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:su:diva-157070.

Cardoso, Anelise Zanoni. "Jornalismo para paz ou para a guerra : o refugiado na cobertura jornalística brasileira." reponame:Biblioteca Digital de Teses e Dissertações da UFRGS, 2013. http://hdl.handle.net/10183/105023.

Andersson, Sandra. "Putting Peace in the Frame : Alternative US Media Framing of the War in Syria." Thesis, Södertörns högskola, Journalistik, 2019. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:sh:diva-39144.

Akinro, Ngozi. "MEDIA AND CONFLICT MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA: ANALYSIS OF WAR AND PEACE FRAMES IN THE BOKO HARAM CRISIS COVERAGE." OpenSIUC, 2016. https://opensiuc.lib.siu.edu/dissertations/1200.

Cothrel, Maxwell M. "Up in the Air: My Chuck Overby Story." Ohio University Honors Tutorial College / OhioLINK, 2013. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=ouhonors1366913647.

Andreasson, Tobias Martin English Media &amp Performing Arts Faculty of Arts &amp Social Sciences UNSW. "Human rights obligations and Australian newspapers: a media monitoring project, using peace journalism to evaluate Australian newspaper coverage of the 2004 HREOC report regarding children in detention centres." Publisher:University of New South Wales. English, Media, & Performing Arts, 2008. http://handle.unsw.edu.au/1959.4/41211.

Lövgren, Daniel, and Tatiana Makarova. "Krig och fred -080808 : Freds-, krigsjournalistik och propaganda i mediernas rapportering om Georgienkriget: en komparativ studie av Sveriges, Rysslands och USA:s press." Thesis, Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, 2009. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-5550.

Title: Krig och fred - 080808. Freds-, krigsjournalistik och propaganda i mediernas rapportering om Georgienkriget: en komparativ studie av Sveriges, Rysslands och USA:s press. (War and peace – 080808. Peace Journalism, War Journalism and Propaganda in the Media´s Reporting on the Georgia War: a Comparative Study of the Swedish, Russian and American Press.)

Authors: Daniel Lövgren & Tatiana Makarova

Tutor: Anna Roosvall

Course: Bachelor Thesis: Media and Communication, PR

Purpose: The purpose of this essay is to compare how the press in Sweden, Russia and the USA reported on the war in Georgia 2008. Focus is put on identifying the extent to which the reporting is governed by war journalism or peace journalism and, to which degree propaganda , that is one of the aspects of war journalism , is present in the different countries press.

Methodology: Quantitative content analysis and critical discourse analysis

Theoretical perspectives: The essay leans on the theoretical foundation of peace journalism and war journalism proposed by the Norwegian peace researcher Johan Galtung, further elaborated by the journalists Jake Lynch and Annabel McGoldrick. This essay also uses a theoretical framework on propaganda, among other the “Propaganda model” by Herman and Chomsky, the research of Kempf and Loustarinen and journalistic observations of Lynch and McGoldrick.

Conclusions: The study reveals both similarities and differences between the reporting on the Georgia war in the analyzed countries. The quantitative content analysis of 600 articles in nine different newspapers (three in each country) shows that it is the war journalistic framework that is dominating in all the three countries. The results also show that there is a difference between the support given to the parties involved in the war. In the USA and Sweden the majority of the articles are pro-Georgian and in Russia the majority of the articles take pro-South Ossetian/Russian stance. The critical discourse analysis of eight articles have shown similarities and differences in scale, design, content and the presence of propaganda. Indicators of propaganda in the analyzed material include a breakdown of the actors in the war to two opposing parties, a polarization between “us” and “them” where the first is humanized and the later demonized, a wide use of elite sources.  

Keywords: Peace journalism, war journalism, propaganda, Georgia war, South Ossetia, Swedish press, Russian press, American press

Noorzai, Roshan. "The Role of Media in the Framing of the Afghan Conflict and the Search for Peace." Ohio University / OhioLINK, 2012. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=ohiou1343658475.

Häggmark, Jenny, and Madeleine Jansson. "Kriget i Afghanistan - ett nödvändigt ont? : En kritisk diskursanalys av New York Times ställningstagande till och framing av kriget i Afghanistan." Thesis, Uppsala universitet, Medier och kommunikation, 2011. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-167152.

Fornbrant, Tobias, and Alexander Israelsson. "Fredsjournalistik : - En kritisk diskursanalys av fyra svenska nyhetstidningars skildring av Georgienkriget i augusti 2008." Thesis, Örebro universitet, Akademin för humaniora, utbildning och samhällsvetenskap, 2011. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-14744.

Dick, Bailey G. "“Is It Not Possible to Be a Radical and a Christian?” Dorothy Day Navigates thePatriarchal Worlds of Journalism and Catholicism." Ohio University / OhioLINK, 2018. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=ohiou1526040503387041.

Ezz, El Din Mahitab. "Beyond Orientalism and Occidentalism : Identity constructions in Arab and Western news media." Doctoral thesis, Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap, 2016. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-51936.

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Krčková, Anna. "Rámcování události Great March of Return v českých online médiích." Master's thesis, 2020. http://www.nusl.cz/ntk/nusl-435530.

Žilková, Věra. "Reflexe účasti Armády České republiky na misích NATO a EU v českém a zahraničním tisku." Master's thesis, 2013. http://www.nusl.cz/ntk/nusl-321552.

Machado, Ana Cristina da Silva. "Jornalismo para a Guerra?: A crise migratória venezuelana no Brasil como estudo de caso." Master's thesis, 2019. http://hdl.handle.net/10284/7493.

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A lesson in peaceful listening

East African leaders are building a pathway to peace in Sudan through patient diplomacy based on trust-building and compassion.

  • By the Monitor's Editorial Board

December 7, 2023

The responses by regional peacemakers to the war in Gaza during the past two months have highlighted how the Middle East is working toward a more integrated and peaceful future. A similar shift is underway in Africa, where neighboring nations have banded together to end a brutal civil war in Sudan.

Those efforts may now be on the cusp of a breakthrough. The leaders of Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti, and South Sudan are set to meet in coming days.  Their goal is to chart a broadly inclusive process to restore peace and democracy. That alone would be significant. In seven months, the war has displaced more than 6 million people and rekindled ethnic violence in parts of the country still recovering from genocide a generation ago.

But the summit matters in another way, too. Coming just days after the war’s rival factions pressured the United Nations Security Council to close its political mission in Sudan, it reflects the utility of patient trust-building. Led by Kenyan President William Ruto, regional leaders have spent months listening and working to develop credibility with the warring factions and their international patrons.

Such diplomacy rests on what Workneh Gebeyehu, executive secretary of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, a bloc of East African nations, calls a collective “moral obligation to the peace and stability” rooted in dignity and the protection of innocent life. It’s proving persuasive. The United States and Saudi Arabia now see regional peace-efforts work as the key to restarting their halting diplomacy in Sudan.

“When African states propose a formula for addressing an African crisis, world powers often put aside their difference and back it,” wrote regional experts Alex de Waal and Abdul Mohammed in The New York Times this week.

The war broke out in April when two rival generals who conspired to overthrow a transitional civilian-led government turned their forces on each other. The conflict sparked parallel peace initiatives to keep a humanitarian crisis from creating wider instability in an already fragile region. Unifying those mediation efforts requires building trust among a broad array of foreign actors with competing economic and strategic interests in Sudan.

One outcome of the summit next week might be a division of labor. Amgad Fareid Eltayeb, a fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations, has argued for spreading the duty to meet military, political, and humanitarian needs of Sudan among various international mentors with a shared goal of enabling the Sudanese people to determine their own future.

That approach reflects what may be an emerging good at a time of fragmenting blocs of global power. As authors Jared Cohen and Ian Bremmer wrote in Foreign Policy Wednesday, the critical adhesive for a world in balance is trust: “At the global level, credibility makes alliances and deterrence work, increasing cooperation and reducing the risk.”

In Sudan, as in Gaza, new constellations of cooperation are forming. A new era of listening among nations may be underway.

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For Israelis, even an extended pause in the Gaza war does not mean peace

dissertation peace journalism

JERUSALEM — As Israel and Hamas agreed Monday to extend a tense, temporary pause in combat, outside parties have dared to hope that the break in violence will evolve into a more prolonged halt to a war that has already laid waste to much of Gaza.

Qatari mediators announced that the initial four-day pause would be extended for two additional days to allow for the release of more Hamas hostages, as well as Palestinian women and teens held in Israeli prisons.

But humanitarian groups rushing aid trucks into the enclave are still pleading for more time, and for steps that will keep southern Gaza, where hundreds of thousands of families are sheltering, from becoming Israel’s next target.

How pressure from hostage families nudged Israel toward a deal

“I have remained deeply engaged over the last few days to ensure that this deal — brokered and sustained through extensive U.S. mediation and diplomacy — can continue to deliver results,” President Biden said in a statement Monday.

But in Israel, politicians, military leaders and the public are nearly unanimous: No matter how long this pause lasts, peace is not at hand.

“Any further negotiations will be held under fire,” Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant said to troops during a visit to Gaza on Saturday.

Even as Israelis celebrated the release of the first four groups of hostages held by Hamas, there is broad agreement here that the all-out war to eliminate Hamas is far from over. Combat operations will begin as soon as the hostage release deal is complete, officials said.

“This respite will be short,” Gallant said to Navy commandos, advising them to be ready for at least two more months of fighting.

The Israel Defense Forces have said their troops inside Gaza remain at the ready, although drone surveillance and air operations have largely been suspended.

The military is regrouping for the next phase of operations, officials said, and they expect Hamas is doing the same.

“We will return immediately at the end of the cease-fire to attacking Gaza,” Israeli army chief Lt. Gen. Herzi Halevi said Saturday. “We will do it to dismantle Hamas and also to create great pressure to return as quickly as possible as many hostages as possible.”

Israel-Gaza war

dissertation peace journalism

More than 13,00o Palestinians have been killed in less than two months of war, according to the Gaza Health Ministry, including thousands of children . Airstrikes have made Gaza City, and much of the rest of the north, an unlivable ruin. In the south, more than a million displaced people are struggling to survive .

A midnight trip into northern Gaza reveals a shattered warscape

Israel’s leadership has, publicly at least, been undeterred by the growing international outcry over the mounting death toll and the intensifying humanitarian crisis, which aid groups have said is without precedent. The pause in fighting has not led to any open dissent within the emergency government, which includes Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and opposition members.

During the cabinet debate Tuesday to approve the first break in fighting since the war began, Netanyahu made clear that a vote for the deal was not a vote for lasting peace. In the days since, other politicians have celebrated the scenes of hostages reuniting with families — constantly looped on television news — while also calling for combat operations to resume and be directed at the south.

“If there was any disagreement at all, it was the argument with those who didn’t think we should stop even for the release of the hostages,” said Yaakov Amidror, a former general and Netanyahu’s national security adviser from 2011 to 2013. “In the present situation, there is no one who can stop the resumption of the war.”

Israelis are still reeling from the trauma of Hamas’s surprise attack, which killed some 1,200 people, and public backing for the war has not ebbed during seven weeks of fighting.

More than 90 percent of Jewish Israelis support the twin goals of crushing Hamas and saving the hostages, according to a poll Friday by the Israel Democracy Institute (IDI). When asked which was more important, 49 percent chose “releasing all the hostages,” compared with 32 percent who believe “toppling Hamas” should be the preeminent aim.

The families of hostages have become a political force in Israel and were pivotal in pressuring Netanyahu to accept the exchange deal mediated by Qatar. While most Israelis support extending the pause to bring as many of the 240 captives home as possible, that does not mean they want the war to end, according to IDI President Yohanan Plesner.

“In Israeli society nothing has changed,” Plesner said. “There is no basis in public opinion for anything having to do with a cease-fire with Hamas or any diplomatic solution.”

He added: “There’s a broad understanding that there is no way we can restore security, stability or any kind of peaceful relations with Palestinians without eliminating Hamas. And that means more ground operations.”

The chaotic second day of the captive exchange deal only added to Israel’s distrust of Hamas, according to an Israeli official who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss a sensitive issue. At the hour when 13 Israelis were due to be handed over to the International Committee of the Red Cross on Saturday, Hamas delayed the operation, objecting to what it said were Israeli violations of the agreement.

Israel denied it had broken the terms of the deal, and the intercession of regional mediators eventually paved the way for the group to be released later in the day. Additional groups of hostages were released Sunday and Monday, seemingly without incident.

But “we feel like they are playing games,” said the official.

Aid groups and Israel’s allies believe the shaky truce is still an important start, and could be used as the basis for a more durable diplomatic solution. But the argument to stop fighting has barely registered here, said Amidror.

“This question is only being asked outside of Israel,” he said. “In Israel, it’s clear the war is going to resume.”

A caption in a previous version of this article incorrectly referred to a photo of Benny Gantz, a former Israeli defense minister, as current Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant. The caption has been corrected.

Israel’s military continued combat operations across the Gaza Strip, striking major cities in the south and engaging in “intense fighting” with Hamas militants in two key regions in the north, a government spokesman said.

Hostages: More than 100 hostages held in the Gaza Strip have been released. Here’s what we know about the hostages released by Hamas so far .

Oct. 7 attack: Hamas spent more than a year planning its historic assault on Israel. A Post video analysis shows how Hamas exploited vulnerabilities created by Israel’s reliance on technology at the “Iron Wall” to carry out the deadliest attack in Israel’s history. Traders earned millions anticipating the Oct. 7 Hamas attack , a new study found.

Israeli-Palestinian conflict: The Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip has a complicated history. Understand what’s behind the Israel-Gaza war and see the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict .

  • Israeli forces battle Hamas as disease spreads among the displaced December 7, 2023 Israeli forces battle Hamas as disease spreads among the displaced December 7, 2023
  • Israel has vowed to destroy Hamas. Yet the group remains largely intact. December 5, 2023 Israel has vowed to destroy Hamas. Yet the group remains largely intact. December 5, 2023
  • Why are Israel and Hamas at war? A basic explainer. November 22, 2023 Why are Israel and Hamas at war? A basic explainer. November 22, 2023

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  4. Fact-checking the Gaza Narrative

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  1. PDF Peace Journalism in 140 Characters: a Qualitative Analysis of The Use

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  21. PDF News Framing on Bosnian Conflict: Exploring the Peace and War

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  23. A lesson in peaceful listening

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  24. For Israelis, the pause in the Gaza war does not mean peace

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